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CH 10.2 Self Rule For British Colonies
Transcript of CH 10.2 Self Rule For British Colonies
Sea captain James Cook claimed Australia in 1770 for Britian.
Britain began colonizing Australia in 1788 with convicted criminals.
The prisons in Britain were severely overcrowded. To solve
the problem, a penal colony in Australia was established.
After release, prisoners in Australia could buy and settle land.
Canada Struggles For Self Rule
Canada was originally home to many Native American people
In 1791, problems between the Catholic French and Protestant English settlers living in Canada leads to the nation spliting in half
Upper Canada - English
Lower Canada- French
The Durham Report
In the 1830s, rebellions broke out in Upper and Lower Canada
'Royal Government and Wealthy British still hold more power in both colonies
The British Parliament asked Lord Durham (a statesman and reformist) to come up with a solution
The Result: The Durham report
-As a dominion, Canada could self-govern in domestic affairs but remain part of the British Empire.
The Dominion of Canada
By the mid-1800s, many Canadians
believed Canada needed a central government to protect itself against the U.S.
As a dominion, Canada was self-governing in
domestic affairs but remained part of the
New Zealand colonization proceeded more slowly than Australia because the British recognized the rights of the Maori people in New Zealand.
In 1814, missionaries from Australia began arriving the convert the Maori people.
In 1840, New Zealand was annexed to Australia.
Australia & New Zealand, like Canada, wanted to rule themselves but also remain part of the British Empire.
During the 1900s, both Australia and New Zealand became dominions in the British Empire, giving them self-government over domestic politics.
Self-Government in Australia & New Zealand
Native peoples and other non-Europeans were excluded from democracy and prosperity.
Diseases killed Aborigines and Maori.
As Australian settlement grew, the colonists displaced or killed many
The Maori fought a series of wars with the
The Irish Under English Rule
Ireland was formally joined to Britain in 1801. This was a setback for Irish
nationalism, but it did give the Irish more of voice in Parliament.
Most Irish left for the U.S.; others went to Britain, Canada, and Australia.
The Irish Migration
Demands for Home Rule
During the second half of the 1800s, the Irish
demanded either independence or home
rule. The British denied both.
The British opposed Irish demands based on
concerns that Protestants would become a minority under Irish Catholic rule.
The Division of Ireland
In 1921, the British divided Ireland and
granted home rule to Southern Ireland.
Northern Ireland remained part of Great Britain.
Nation of self-governing
Most of Australia poplation
a lace where convicts were sent to serve their sentences
control of local land
Irish Republican Army-
(IRA) Wanted independence for Ireland
The Great Famine
The 70% remained in Ireland, though millions more Irish emigrated after 1851
The 12% died due to starvation
The 18% emigrated
The Great Famine
50% United States