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Conflict Diamonds

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Tracy Nissley

on 26 May 2010

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Transcript of Conflict Diamonds

While the wars in Angola and Sierra Leone are now over, the problem of conflict diamonds hasn't gone away. Diamonds mined in rebel-held areas are reaching the international diamond market. Some diamonds have helped fund devastating civil wars in Africa, destroying the lives of millions. Profits from the trade in conflict diamonds, worth billions of dollars, were used by warlords and rebels to buy arms during devastating wars. Wars that have cost an estimated 3.7 million lives. What is being done to stop this? A major milestone occurred in 2003, when a government-run initiative known as the Kimberley Process was introduced to follow the flow of conflict diamonds. The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) imposes requirements on participants to certify that shipments of rough diamonds are conflict-free. How is art being used? The African Diamond Council said, "The news isn’t news any more; its entertainment. So thats why Hollywood had to make a movie about it before anyone cared." What can YOU do? Educate yourself The Kimberley process started when Southern African diamond-producing states met in Kimberley, South Africa, in May 2000, to discuss ways to stop the trade in ‘conflict diamonds’ and ensure that diamond purchases were not funding violence. The Kimberley Process (KP) is open to all countries that are willing and able to implement its requirements. As of November 2008, the KP has 49 members, representing 75 countries, with the European Community and its Member States counting as an individual participant. What are conflict diamonds? Conflict diamonds, also known as ‘blood diamonds', are rough diamonds used by rebel movements or their allies to finance armed conflicts aimed at undermining legitimate governments. What human rights are abused
in the 'Blood Diamond' Industry? Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. Article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Article 4: No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 23: a) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. b) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. c) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. d) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
Article 24: Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay. Article 26: a) Everyone has the right to education. Inform others Buy Conflict-Free Diamonds
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