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Philosophy I

Week Two
by

Brian Flannery

on 8 July 2014

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Transcript of Philosophy I

Week One - From Simple Beginnings
Philosophy I
What is Philosophy?
Philosophical Method
A vital spark, an intelligence within, animates all living things.
Vitalism


Love of wisdom
Using reason and knowledge to study fundamentals of life, existence, morality and human nature
Begins with an internal look at you, finding something that doesn’t seem quite right and exploring the answers
What is Philosophy?


Love of wisdom
Using reason and knowledge to study fundamentals of life, existence, morality and human nature
Begins with an internal look at you, finding something that may not seem quite right and exploring the answers
From doubt, questions emerge

Make sure question is analyzed and clearly defined (this helps achieve most precise answer)
Propose possible answers and provide reasons to support
Listen to critique and rebuttal of fellow philosophers (dialectic)

Discuss new rationale and discover new truths
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Analyze and question beliefs
Six Branches
Metaphysics - the nature of reality and the universe
Do we live in a universe that is
intelligent or is it just chaos?
Epistemology - the study of knowledge and how it is acquired
How do we know??
Logic: how to develop valid arguments; includes mathematical logic.
Is Chiropractic inductive or deductive?
Ethics: the study of right and wrong and how people should live.
Is it for the greater good?
Politics: the study of government, citizen rights and political obligations
How do I best get along?
Aesthetics: beauty, art and artistic perception.
460 – 370 BC
Father of Atomism
Health Care
1473 - 1543
Movements of planets and solar system
Heliocentrism
Inititiated Scientific Revolution
Copernicus
1561 - 1626
Offered the empirical method
Proposed that science focus on the
control and domination of nature
Inductive reasoning (specific
observation to universal truth)
Sir Francis Bacon
1596 - 1650
Father of Doubt and analytical method
Reductionism
Clear distinction
of mind and body
Rene Descartes
Verified through calculus that Descartes perception of a machine-world was true

Stated the world was made of matter, and motion was controlled by gravitational forces

All physical phenomena are reduced to the motion of the material particles
1643 - 1727
Isaac Newton



Mechanism, Reductionism and Determinism now are the pervasive thoughts of society.

O-I-B-U thinking dominates our culture
That’s Where We Are…
Theory of Relativity changed
it all…or did it?

Equated energy and matter

New theories emerging…
String Theory, etc.
Paradigm Shift
Harvey Lillard
DD Palmer
September 18, 1895
Before we get started...
Homework assignment due at beginning of class week 3:
Answer the following Focus Questions at the end of each chapter in Sinnott’s text and submit at beginning of class, week 2. Read chapter 3 and 4 in Sinnott’s text and answer and submit the following questions:
Chapter 3 - #3
Chapter 4 - #8, #11 and #12
Answers must be written in your own words. Anything copied from the book or from each other will result in a zero(0). Answers must be submitted in MSWord format, 12 point Times New Roman font, by email ONLY. Please write out the question and answer.
Plato
427 - 327 BC
Control from without
Control within
Church controlled education
Full transcript