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Middle Passage

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lib hist

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of Middle Passage

Middle Passage Miguel amd bailey p.4
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa[1] were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade. Ships departed Europe for African markets with manufactured goods, which were traded for purchased or kidnapped Africans, who were transported across the Atlantic as slaves; the slaves were then sold or traded for raw materials,[2] which would be transported back to Europe to complete the voyage. Voyages on the Middle Passage were a large financial undertaking, and they were generally organized by companies or groups of investors rather than individuals.[3]

The "Middle Passage" was considered a time of in-betweenness for those being traded from Africa to America. The close quarters and intentional division of pre-established African communities by the ship crew motivated captive Africans to forge bonds of kinship which then created forced transatlantic communities.[4] These newly established bonds greatly impacted and altered African identity and culture within each community.[citation needed] It was a significant contributing aspect to the slaves' survival of the "Middle Passage" and carried into their life in America.[citation needed]

Traders from the Americas and Caribbean received the enslaved Africans. European powers such as Portugal, England, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade. The enslaved Africans came mostly from eight regions: Senegambia, Upper Guinea, Windward Coast, Gold Coast, Bight of Benin, Bight of Biafra, West Central Africa and Southeastern Africa.[5]

An estimated 15% of the Africans died at sea, with mortality rates considerably higher in Africa itself in the process of capturing and transporting indigenous peoples to the ships.[6] The total number of African deaths directly attributable to the Middle Passage voyage is estimated at up to two million; a broader look at African deaths directly attributable to the institution of slavery from 1500 to 1900 suggests up to four million African deaths.[7]

For two hundred years, 1440–1640, Portuguese slavers had a near monopoly on the export of slaves from Africa. During the eighteenth century, when the slave trade transported about 6 million Africans, British slavers carried almost 2.5 million.[8]
1.Why is it important for students to learn about the Middle Passage?
It was important for student to learn about the middle passage because it was a historical path that developed slave trade and helped bring captured slaves to the Americas. It was a terrible thing to do to the people to Africa. The mddle passage took their rights away.
2.What in your opinion was the worst part of the middle passage?
In my opinion the worst part of the middle passage was the trip to America was brutal and the living conditions were inhumane. they were stripped of their clothing and their dignity and were treated worse than animals
What should be done today as an after-effect of the middle passage?
There should be a memorial for all of the slaves that did not make it through the middle passage they deserved to be remembered for how they lived before the moddle passaged and remembered as brave souls.
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