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Copy of Defensive Driving

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Bilal Mazloom

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Defensive Driving

Exam and Summary
Course & Instructor Evaluation Traffic Quiz “The Aftermath” 1. Which body organ suffers the most from the consumption of alcohol?
2. Is alcohol a drug?
3. Does a driver consent to a test of their breath, urine or blood for alcohol or drug concentration when they accept the privilege to drive?
4. Marijuana has no affect on a driver’s ability to operate a motor vehicle. Knowledge Check Implied Consent Law
Chapter 724 of the Texas Transportation Code is entitled “Implied Consent” and this law covers the rules regarding consent to testing for alcohol concentration or drug content.
If you refuse or do not successfully complete testing, your driving privileges will be suspended.
Every person that has a Texas driver’s license already agreed to submit to a breath (or blood) test by virtue of applying for the license itself. Driving While Intoxicated-(DWI) Group Discussion
Page 15 in Workbook Alcohol and Other Drugs Page 14 Substance Questionnaire
Subtract .01% for each 40 minutes of drinking. * One drink is equal to 1¼ oz. of 80-proof liquor, 12 oz. of beer, or 4 oz. of table wine Page 12 The Brain controls your thinking, reasoning, decision-making, caring and judgment.
short-term effects
Speech becomes slurred
Balance and coordination issues
Breathing deepens, pulse decreases, causing blackouts, coma or death
long-term effects
cells are altered and many die; memory formation is blocked and senses are dulled; long-term irreversible damage occurs DRIVING WHILE IMPAIRED 1. Does defensive driving involve a driver’s attitude?
2. Why is it a good idea to always lock your vehicle doors?
3. Is it legal to travel above the posted speed limit when passing another vehicle?
4. At what speed can a vehicle hydroplane? Knowledge Check Goes beyond mastery of the rules of the
road and the basic mechanics of driving.
Its aim is to reduce the risk of driving by
anticipating dangerous situations, despite
adverse conditions or the mistakes of others. Defensive Driving 1. What three things account for total stopping distance?
2. Does speeding save a significant amount of time in the long run?
3. Is speeding mostly a result of the drivers emotions?
4. What does the acronym S.I.P.D.E. stand for?
5. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration what percentage of crashes are due to driver error? Knowledge Check “Cage the Rage”
Aggressive Driving The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that annually, 99% of all traffic crashes in the United States are due to driver error Aggressive Driving What steps can you take to reduce stress while driving?
How long does it take to receive a citation? Page 10 How many people do you believe drive under stress in this area?
What symptoms do you experience when driving under stress? Stress and Speeders “Almost Home”
Driving While Drowsy (DWD) Avoid driving during late night and early morning hours
Set realistic travel goals
Eat healthy meals and avoid alcohol and other drugs – Drink water, juice or a soft drink low in sugar and caffeine
Switch drivers every two hours, even if you don’t feel tired
Stop every two hours to stretch
Talk with your passenger Tips to Prevent Drowsy Driving Inability to recall the last
few miles traveled.
Having disconnect or wandering thoughts
Having difficulty focusing or keeping your eyes open
Yawning repeatedly and feeling as though your head is very heavy
Drifting form the lane in which you are driving
Missing traffic signs
DWD is responsible for 13% of all traffic fatalities nationally Warning Signs When
Behind the Wheel…..
Kinetic Energy

The friction between the road and the tires of your vehicle What is …….? S.I.P.D.E. System
Search the road ahead, behind, and on the sides
Identify potential problems
Predict what the other driver is going to do
Decide what corrective action you need to take, and then
Execute the correct action to avoid a collision Reaction Abilities Visual Interpretation
Aim high in steering
Watch the road ahead
Observe the side of road for objects or conditions
Sense of Hearing – both inside and outside the vehicle
Sense of Touch
The feel of the steering wheel or brakes to avoid a skid or slide, locking of brakes, vibration of your vehicle, etc.
Losing fluid Perceptual Skills Adjusting your Speed to Driving Conditions
Finding and Maintaining an adequate Margin of Safety (3 seconds normal traffic conditions acceptable up to 45 mph)

-¾ second – most
individuals Judging Speed & Distance Perception Distance (Eye to brain)
Distance it takes to observe and think about the situation and environment and determine the need to stop.
Reaction Distance (Foot to Wheel)
Distance traveled once the decision to stop has been made (i.e. moving your foot from the gas and onto the brakes).
Braking Distance (Road)
Distance it takes the vehicle to slow down and come to a complete stop once the brake is engaged. Eye Brain  Foot  Wheel  Road Page 8 STOPPING DISTANCE 1. Does Texas law require all vehicle occupants to wear a seat belt?
2. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration recommends children under what age ride in the rear seat of all vehicles?
3. Will anti-lock brakes always stop and vehicle quicker than conventional brakes? Knowledge Check Never place children or infants in the front seat of vehicle equipped with passenger side airbags.
Airbags inflate at a rate of 200 miles per hour.
Risk zone – first 2–3 inches of the steering wheel.
Move seat to the rear as far as possible while still comfortably reaching the pedals. ABS, the Anti-Lock Brake System Everything You Wanted to Know About Airbags ALL passengers are required
to wear safety belts.

Children under the age of 5
years of age or less than 36 inches in
height (regardless of age) must be secured
in child safety seat ($100-$200 fine) All passengers between
the ages of 4 and 17 years
of age must be secured
in safety belt anywhere in the vehicle; including the back seat. Texas Safety Belt Laws Safest place for children 12 and under is secured in back seat
(fine is $200.00 or more for
not keeping a child in an
approved safety seat)

It’s unlawful in Texas to let
children under age of 18 ride in the open bed of a pick-up or flat-bed truck Kids Go in the Back Do you remember these? Transportation Code, Safety Belts Offense:
A person commits an offense:

operates a passenger vehicle that is equipped with safety belts
allows a child who is at least 4 years of age but younger than 17 years of age to ride in the vehicle without being secured by a safety belt
This offense is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $100 or more than $200. Texas Law Myth: "If I wear a safety belt, I might be trapped in a burning or submerged car!“
Myth: "I don't need it. In case of a collision, I can brace myself with my hands.“
Myth: "I just don't believe it will happen to me.“
Myth: "Well, I only need to wear seat belts when I have to go on long trips, or at high speeds.“
Myth: "I don't need safety belts because I'm a really good driver. I have excellent reactions.“
Myth: "I don't want to be trapped in by a safety belt. It's better to be thrown free in a crash." Seat belt myths What are the requirements of most Seat Belt Laws?
Why would someone “CHOOSE” not to wear a seat belt?
What are the requirements of most Child Restraint laws?
What are some myths about seat belt usage? Occupant Restraint Systems Page 7 Occupant Restraint Systems LUNCH AT&T Don't Text While Driving Documentary 1. Does Texas law require drivers to provide proof of financial responsibility?
2. What is the maximum speed limit set by law for an urban district?
4. What is the definition of “daytime,” under Texas law?
5. Is it legal to drive the posted speed limit in hazardous weather conditions? Knowledge Check: In 2005, Texas joined 40 other states in the country by creating its own state donor registry.
Registering to become an organ, tissue and eye donor helps ensure your wishes will be carried out after you die. Historically, while signing a donor card and placing the "donor" sticker on your driver license served as an important symbol of your intent, it did not place you on any official list or registry. In 2007, the Texas Legislature changed the Registry's name to the Glenda Dawson Donate Life – Texas Registry in memory of
Representative Dawson's contributions
to promote organ, tissue and eye
donation in Texas. Initially it was called the Donor Education, Awareness, and Registry Program of Texas, or DEAR. State Representative Glenda Dawson, herself a kidney transplant recipient, led the effort to create the Registry. Glenda Dawson Donate Life Texas Registry SELECTED TEXAS TRAFFIC LAWS SB 61 amends the existing statute regarding child passenger safety seats. The bill requires that any child younger than 8 years of age be restrained in an approved child passenger safety seat unless the child is at least 4 feet, 9 inches in height. HB 537 - requires all occupants of a vehicle, no matter their age, to be secured by a safety belt, no matter where they are seated in the vehicle; and prohibits a motorcycle operator from carrying a passenger under the age of 5 unless the child is seated in a sidecar attached to the motorcycle. SELECTED TEXAS TRAFFIC LAWS HB 55 -makes it illegal to use a wireless communication device in a school zone unless the vehicle is stopped or a hands-free device is used. Cities or counties wanting to enforce this law must post a sign at the beginning of each school zone to inform drivers that using a wireless communications device is prohibited and the operator is subject to a fine. It is a defense to prosecution if the operator was making an emergency call.
HB 2730 allows a new Texas resident to operate a vehicle without a Texas license for 90 days instead of the current 30. SELECTED TEXAS TRAFFIC LAWS 1. How many phases does the Texas Graduated Driver License (GDL) program have?
2. Does Texas law require a driver to always be in possession of a valid driver’s license when operating a motor vehicle?
3. Is possession of a driver’s license a constitutional right?
4. Should you respond to a flat tire and a tire blow out in the same way? Knowledge Check: 1. Your vehicle goes into a skid?
Steer into the skid (do not brake)
2. Your tire blows out while you are driving?
Decelerate without braking and apply the brake cautiously after speed reduction
3. Another vehicle is headed right toward you (i.e. they are in the wrong lane)?
Slow and steer to the right How would you respond to the following driving emergencies: 6. Identify and discuss the most congested areas that you must drive through in your community.
a. How do you deal with heavy traffic (mentally and physically)?
b. What can you do to help ease a heavy traffic problem? Traffic Issues & Concerns Would you drive without a legal driver’s license? Are willing to suffer the consequences? 1st conviction - up to $200 fine
2nd conviction in one year - $25-$200 fine
3rd conviction in one year after 2nd conviction $25-$500 fine and 72 hours to 6 months in jail, or both such fine and imprisonment DRIVING WITHOUT A LICENSE PENALTIES 5. a. Is driving a privilege or a right?
b. What changes would occur in your
lifestyle if you could no longer drive lawfully? Traffic Issues & Concerns Original License
under age 18 -- $5.00 (expires on next birthday)
18 and above -- $24.00 (expires in 6 years)
Driver License Change of Address - $10.00
Commercial Driver License -- $69.00 (expires 5 years)
ID Card
age 60 and above -- $5.00 (no expiration)
Under age 60 -- $15.00 (expires in 6 years) Drivers License Fees Implemented January 1, 2002.
Phase One: Applicants under age 18 must hold an instruction permit or hardship license for a minimum of six months prior to issuance of a provisional Class A, B, or C driver license. The instruction permit must remain valid during the mandatory six-month period to meet this regulation.
Phase Two: Restricts the driving privileges of 18 years olds during the six-month period following the issuance of an original license. These persons may not operate a motor vehicle with more than one passenger in the vehicle under the age of 21 who is not a family member. In addition, they may not operate a motor vehicle between midnight and 5:00 a.m. unless the operation of the vehicle is necessary for the operator to attend or participate in employment or a school-related activity or because of a medical emergency. GRADUATED DRIVER LICENSE: 4. How do you feel about the current state licensing procedures? (Consider age, difficulty in obtaining a license, frequency of testing, etc.) Traffic Issues & Concerns Bad Police 3. Why would it be difficult
to be a police officer? Traffic Issues & Concerns 2. Why would it be difficult to be a Traffic
Judge or Commissioner? Traffic Issues & Concerns How would you rate the local traffic system (including judges and police officers) between 1 and 10 (one being low and ten the high)? Traffic Issues & Concerns Automobile Condition Distractions Poor Brakes
Bald Tires
Worn Wipers
Headlights Out
Taillights Out
Fogged Windshield Passengers
Car Phone
Putting on Makeup
Eating / Drinking Speeding / Tailgating Speeding/ running red lights Hurrying/ Speeding Aggressively Not wearing a seat belt/Speeding Speeding at least 10mph over limit It is safer to go with flow of traffic Speeding saves time Drive different when family is not in vehicle Right to do as I please Okay to travel 10mph over limit = Behavior + Attitude Money Freedom Family Time Life Values You are driving for not only yourself, but for everyone else on the road.
Drivers are truly responsible for their OWN behavior, both actions inside and outside a vehicle. Driver Values + Driver Attitudes = Driver Behavior VIDEO “ONE SECOND IN TIME” 1. On an average how many people are killed in motor vehicle collisions in the United States each and every day?
2. How often does a person die in a motor vehicle collision in the United States?
3. How often does a fatal alcohol-related collision occur?
4. How many people died in Texas in 2008 as a
result of traffic collisions? Knowledge Check: 1. UNSAFE SPEED
5. RUNNING A STOP SIGN Leading Causes of Traffic Accidents in Texas In 2008, the economic loss in Texas as a result of traffic crashes was $20,700,000,000 The 11,774 fatalities in alcohol related
crashes in 2008 represent an average
of one alcohol related fatality
every 45 minutes. THE NATIONAL AND TEXAS
2. Where do you work?
3. What do you do for the Center?
4. What if any, kinds of inconveniences has your
past driving behavior(s) caused you in terms of
money, time, energy, stress, etc.?
5. If money were no object, what kind of vehicle
would you own and drive? Let’s get to know each other.. Introductions Workshop Goals and Objectives TRAFFIC SURVIVAL WORKSHOP Defensive Driving Synergism
Two or more drugs used together can produce stronger effects than the same drugs used by themselves.
This kind of “one-plus-one-equals-three” impact is known as the synergistic effect. Page 11 in Workbook Driving with Skills and Sense Page 9 Fatigue is your body’s reaction to prolonged physical or mental activity. Fatigue can be caused by inadequate sleep or rest, lengthy periods of study or driving, emotional stress, boredom or illness. Driving While Drowsy Persons at least 21 years old are
exempt from wearing a motorcycle
helmet if they:
have successfully completed a motorcycle safety course, or
are covered by a health insurance plan providing the person with at least $10,000 in medical benefits for injuries incurred as a result of an accident while operating or riding upon a motorcycle. Protective Headgear – Motorcycle Operators/Passengers SELECTED TEXAS TRAFFIC LAWS Littering is against the law and you can be fined up to $500 (as you may have seen on those blue Don't Mess with Texas signs). Repeat the offense, and you could face a fine of up to $2,000 and 180 days in jail.
Imagine the embarrassment.

It gets worse:
discarding trash that weighs more than 5 pounds is considered illegal dumping and you'll face even steeper fines for committing this crime.
In Texas, failing to cover your pickup-truck load is
against the law and carries a fine of up to $200 for the first offense and $500 for repeat offenders. 7. What are some of the positive aspects of strict compliance with the speed limits? What about the negative aspects? Do the disadvantages outweigh the advantages? Traffic Issues & Concerns Minimum Instruction Permit Age: 15 years w/ driver’s ed. Instruction Permit Holding Period: 6 months Minimum amount of supervised driving: 14 hours Behind the Wheel Instruction Minimum License Age: 16 years Road Test If DriversEd.com Parent Taught Driver Education program completed, the parent/instructor has the option to require or waive a road test, as provided by PTDE rules Unsupervised Driving Prohibitions: None, provided all GDL requirements have been met. Passenger Rules: No more than one passenger under age 21 who is not a family member during first 6 months of GDL. Other: The minimum license age is 18 for applicants who have not completed Driver Ed. Graduated Driving License 1. Can our values and attitudes affect our driving behavior?
2. Why do most people rate themselves high while rating others lower and people who know them will also normally rate them lower than they do themselves?
3. Can both positive and negative emotions affect our driving behavior?
4. Are values, attitude, and behavior interrelated?
5. Traffic crashes are caused by how many categories of factors? Knowledge Check: Mental/Physical
Impulsive Environmental
Slippery Surface
View Obstruction
Road Construction
Defective Shoulder
Water Pooling
Animal Action
Glare Categories of Factors for
Traffic Crashes Page 5 WHY WE DRIVE THE WAY WE DO Workshop Agreements IMPORTANT: Remember to share your decision to become an organ donor with your family and friends so that, should the time come, they will fully understand your desire to give the gift of life to others. Every 13 minutes, a new name is added to the national transplant waiting list. Every day, 17 people die waiting for a life-saving organ transplant.
There are more than 96,000 people on the national transplant waiting list. More than 7,000 are Texans.
Donor cards can be obtained from your local DPS Office or from Living Bank at: www.livingbank.org Statement of Gift Page 6 in Workbook SELECTED TRAFFIC ISSUES & CONCERNS Page 12 in Workbook Not having normal use of mental or physical faculties because of alcohol or other drugs

Alcohol concentration of .08 Definition of Intoxication There were 37,261 individuals killed in traffic collisions in the United States in 2008 and 2,346,000 people were injured. On an average 122 people are killed in motor vehicle collisions in the United States each and every day in 2008. This means one person died in a motor vehicle traffic collision every 14 minutes. Motor vehicle collisions in the United States cost the American society an average of $7,300 per second. In the United States in 2008,
there were 11,773 alcohol
related fatalities. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that alcohol
was involved in 32 percent of fatal crashes
and in 6 percent of all crashes in 2008. An estimated 346,000 persons were injured
in crashes where police reported that alcohol was present with an average of one person injured approximately every 2 minutes
In 2008 in the United States, speeding was a contributing factor in 31 percent of all fatal crashes, and 11,674 lives were lost in speeding-related crashes. The economic cost to society of speeding-related crashes is estimated to be $40.4 billion per year.
In 2008 in Texas 3,468 people
were killed in motor vehicle collisions.
In Texas, in 2008, there were 242,698 people injured in traffic collisions.
In 2008 in Texas 975 people were killed in alcohol related collisions.
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