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Timeline of World Events 1918-1941


Ruth Lozano

on 25 March 2010

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Transcript of Timeline of World Events 1918-1941

Events Leading to World War II Invasion of Manchuria on September 18, 1931
Japan takes opportunity of other countries sufferring with umemployment and economic problems to take control of Manchuria Washington Naval Conference Kellogg-Briand Pact (1929)
Smoot-Hawley Act Nye Committee Hearings Hitler comes to Power Massacre at Nanking First Neutrality ACt Mussolini invades Ethiopia "Cash and Carry" LEND-LEASE Debate Germany invades Poland; Britain and France declare war on Germany Quarantine Speech "Four Freedom's" Speech The Atlantic Charter Pearl Harbor President Roosevelt's 1937 speech
aimed at Japan's invasion of Manchuria
Roosevelt tried to break off diplomatic relations, but later backed away from it and isolationism as he received several criticism President Roosevelt's 1941 speech
encourage Americans of fighiting for freedom and giving aid to Great Britian and allies in WWII
Four Freedoms:
freedom of speech & expression
freedom of religion worship
freedom from want
freedom from fear
made by President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill
outlined war goals to be achieved after World war II
their goals included the rejection of territorial aspirations, promising permanent security against aggression, promoting self-governing government, and many others
December 7, 1941 surprise attack
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and Oahu in Hawaiian Islands
due to Roosevelt unwillingness to abandon control of China and Southeast Asia to Japan
resulted in America's entrance in the war committee established on April 12, 1934 led by North Dakota Senator Gerald Nye
created to investigate the reason for the U.S.'s entrance into World War I
the committee held 93 hearings throughout the course of two years
discovered that the bankers and arm manufactures were the cause as they tried to make profits
led to the strong protests for America's neutrality

also known as the Rape of Nanking and the Nanjing Massacre
Massacre that resulted from Chiang Kai-Shek abandonment in December 1937
Japanese soldiers invaded and captured Nanking where they preceeded to kill thousands of civilians

Benito Mussolini was Italy's Facist Prime minister and dictator during WWII
he made Facistism the majority party during his reign
he invaded Ethiopia in 1935 trying to conquer it
Mussolini later joined forces with Adolf Hitler that led to the creation of the Rome-Berlin Axis
1939 United States policy that sold arms and goods to the Allied forces during WWII
however, the goods had to be paid in advance and transported by the foreign countries conference held from 1921-1922 by Secretary of State Charles Evan Hughes
attended from all major naval powers to discuss naval disarmament and the Far East after WWI
inteneded to ensure stable relationships in the pacific and end the naval forces
led to several treaties, but made way for Japan to rise a naval power towards WWII
passed in August 1935 after Italy's invasion in Ethiopia
it instilled an embargo on arms shipments to those engaged in war
it also advised Americans traveling on warships that they did so at their own risk
later replaced by the Neutrality Act of 1936

spurred the Lend-Lease Act of 1941 that provided U.S. military aid to foreign nations (Allies) during WWII
Roosevelt intended to lend arms to Allies who were then to return the arms once they were done using them. However, Taft considered the concept rediculous
the Lend-Lease Act was supported as it promoted America remaining neutral
the debate between Roosevelt supporters and isolationists grew with tension until the Act was passed in 1941 in Congress. It resulted in Americans willing to risk it to war. the 1930 tariff was raised to an unltimate high of 60%
a 1,000 amendments were added to the tariff as it poured more pressure and tension to the Great Depression
affected Europeans and Americas negatively and led America into isolationism
the foreign debts and loans created tension toward the United States
also known as the Pact of Paris
an international agreement as to not using war as a means of national policy
passed due to Frank B. Kellogg’s petition of 2 million signatures and Aristide Briand's proposal of it
Briand wanted to protect America from Germany and ensure a pact of alliances of protection; however, it was proved unsuccessful
Adolf Hitler was the Nazi Party's leader in 1921 and gained several supporters
He made promises to be rid of the rising unemployment and businesses losing profits along with the removal of the Treaty of Versailles
He strongly advocated for extermination of Jews or the non-Aryan race
his invasion of Poland commenced the world war II
France falls to Germany; Tripartite Pact (1940)
Dictator Hitler seizes Austria and then Czecholslovakia before pulling the last straw
when Germany invades Poland due to the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact of 1939, world war II was declared in Europe
Britian and France were enraged with Germany invasion of Poland; thus, declaring war against Germany
the Fall of France or Battle of France in 1940 was when Germany invaded France and the Low Countries
Thus, the Tripartite Pact of 1940 or Three-Power Act was formed by Germany, Italt, and Japan in fear of America's involvement in the war
in the pact, they promised to acknowledge the Axis Powers' parternship that they would all help and fight for each other in regards to America entrance and attacks
intended as a threat for America to remain neutral in the war
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