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Transcript of Carl Jung
Died: June 6, 1961, Zürich Carl Jung Carl Gustav Jung was born on July 26, 1875, in Kesswil, Switzerland. He is the son of a Protestant minister. When he was four he moved to Basel, and two years later, Carl went to the village school in Klein-Huningen. At that time, his father also started teaching him Latin. During his young childhood, Jung preferred to be left alone. He was happiest when he by himself and only his thoughts would accompany him. Early Life Jung began his professional career in 1900 as an associate to Eugen Bleuler (1857–1939) at the psychiatric clinic of the University of Zurich. During this time, Jung, and a few other people, worked out the "association experiment". This is a method of testing used to reveal important ideas and thoughts in the unconscious area of the mind. These groups or "complexes" as Jung called them, would have a control over the affected person, and would encourage anxieties and inappropriate emotions. Career after University Carl Jung created his own class of psychology called analytical psychology, which is the school of thought he fits into.
Analytical psychology views a person's beliefs and behaviors as the result of conscious and unconscious beliefs. Analytical psychology also suggests that the unconscious mind influences the development of one’s mind and personality. School of thought Jung lived for his explorations, his writings, and his psychological practice, which he had to give up in 1944 because of a severe heart attack. His career included the professorship of medical psychology, and the professorship of philosophy. In 1948 he founded the C. G. Jung Institute in Zurich. Honorary doctorates were given to him by many important universities all over the world. Carl Gustav Jung died in Küsnacht on June 6, 1961. The End As Jung grew older, his interest in many different sciences, and the history of religion, made the choice to pick a career very difficult. Fortunately, he finally decided on medicine, which he studied at the University of Basel. He received his medical degree from the University of Zurich in 1902 and later, studied in Paris. University Years Introversion and Extroversion:
Extroversion is the act of being concerned with and obtaining gratification from others instead of the self. Extraverts prefer human interactions over being alone, and are very enthusiastic, talkative, and assertive. Extraverts generally enjoy parties, community activities, public demonstrations, and other populated events. An extroverted person finds spending time with others more enjoyable than time spent alone.
Introversion is "the state of or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one's own mental life". Some have characterized introverts as people whose energy expand through reflecting, and lower during interaction with others. Jung’s view is similar, although he believed it was based off of psychic energy as opposed to physical. The current perception of introversion, is that it’s people who enjoy spending time alone, which is partially true.
Classifications Relationship In 1903 Jung married Emma Rauschenbach. She was his loyal companion and coworker until her death in 1955. They had five children, and lived in Küsnacht. Jung sent his journal 'Studies in Word Association' to Freud, which started their working and personal relationship. Freud had already worked out his theories about the basic cause of every emotional problem through physical symptoms or through feelings of anxiety, depression, or fear. Jung felt more and more that these theories were scientific assumptions, which did not do justice to his ideas about the unconscious physic life. For Jung, the unconscious isn't only a disturbing factor that causes psychic sickness but to him is also the main source of a person’s creativity and awareness. Since they both had such different opinions, Jung came incredibly conflicted with Freud, who said Jung's ideas were “unscientific”. Jung blamed Freud of being narrow-minded and in reaction, Freud and his associates disapproved of Jung for emphasizing his beliefs of the spiritual aspects of the psyche. Freud & Jung Aside from the experiment, he also believed in Collective Unconscious, which is the concept of the subconscious mind going over past experiences and collecting them. After Jung and Freud broke off their partnership, he started a self-analysis in order to gain all the honesty and firmness for his personal journey into discovering the unknown of the unconscious psyche. From 1913 to 1921 Jung published only three important papers: "Two Essays on Analytical Psychology" and "Psychological Types". His research was focused on the categorizations of personalities by studying their similarities and differences. He came to a conclusion that there are two basic classifications: introversion and extroversion.