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Poetry in Notion
Transcript of Poetry in Notion
Types of Poems
Acrostic: a poem in which the first
letters of each line form a word or motto
Alliteration: the repetition of sounds in poetry or prose
Ballad: a poem (meant to be sung)
which tells a story.
Rhyme, Meter & Structure
Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds
Consonance: the repetition of consonant sounds
Blank Verse: Poetry in which rhyme is not used; each line has ten syllables with an iambic rhythm
Carpe Diem: "Seize the day!"
Couplet: a pair of rhymed lines containing a complete statement.
Dactyl: a foot with one accented syllable followed by two unaccented ones (merrily)
Iambic Foot: a foot with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one (away)
Free Verse: Poetry with no
rhyme or regular meter
Two types of syllables:
"Come live with me and be my love."
Elegy: a long, formal poem on death or to commemorate a dead person
End-rhyme: Rhyme at the end of a poetic line
Eye-rhyme: words which seem to rhyme
because of spelling, but do not (love, prove)
Foot: unit of poetic rhythm
Two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable (in the ditch)
Trochaic Foot: a stressed syllable
followed by an unstressed (flaming)
Haiku: a poem of three lines, with a strict line syllable-count of 5-7-5
Lyric: a short, melodic, imaginative poem marked by intense personal emotion (sonnets, ballads, songs, odes, elegies)
Octave: a poetic stanza
of eight lines
Pentameter: a line of poetry
containing five metrical feet
Persona: speaker of a poem
Quatrain: a stanza or poem with four lines
Scansion: the analysis of poetry or verse to show its rhyme scheme
Sestet: a six-line stanza commonly found as the conclusion to a poem
Sonnet: a poem of 14 iambic pentameter lines with a rigid rhyme scheme which adheres to the English or Italian form
Stanza: a group of poetic lines
which follow a melodic pattern
Italian Sonnet: a 14 line poem composed of an octave and a sestet, usually with an "abbaabba" and "cdecde" rhyme scheme
Tetrameter: a line of poetry
with four poetic feet
English Sonnet: a 14-line poem composed of 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet with an "abab cdcd efef gg" rhyme scheme