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Erikson's Theory: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Transcript of Erikson's Theory: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
With death and Integrity vs. Despair there is a positive outcome and negative with death. If the adult has achieved a sense of fulfillment about life and is happy within themselves and others, they will accept death with integrity and not fear death. The negative outcome is if they don’t feel a sense of fulfillment then they will despair and fear death.
Cognitive: Relating to or involving conscious mental activities (such as thinking, understanding, learning and remembering)
Ego Integrity Vs. Despair 65-Death
During late adulthood is Erikson's Eighth and Final Stage of development. This is the reflection of life. Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. People start to piece together a positive view. (Integrity) This is balanced with concluding that ones life has not been well spent leading to despair.
Biological: Changes in an individual’s physical nature.
What is Erikson's Theory?
Erikson's Theory states there are eight stages of development that unfold as we go through life. At each stage in life, a crisis occurs that must be resolved eventually. The more successful an individual is at resolving a crisis, the healthier their life will be.
Erikson's Theory: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
You look back on life experiences, evaluate them, interpret them and then reinterpret their significance. Life review is essential in this final stage. The video below is an in class video we watched that I loved, that had to do with this final stage.
Death is the action or fact of dying or being killed; the end of life of a person or organism.
In late adulthood you are more likely to experience disease or illness, which can lead to death. Cancer or cardiovascular diseases are a common cause of death in late adulthood.
Dementia is any neurological disorder in which the symptoms involve a deterioration of mental functioning. People lose ability to care for themselves and recognize familiar people or surroundings.
Alzheimer’s is a brain disorder characterized by a gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and eventually loss of physical function.
What does Dementia and Alzheimer’s have to do with Erikson’s theory?
Helping an adult throughout the process of aging is significant enough, but when a adult is experiencing Dementia or Alzheimer’s this adds a whole new task of maintaining integrity during a period of tremendous loss.
How do Death, Dementia and Alzheimer's Relate?
People who suffer with Dementia or Alzheimer’s have an unpredictable life expectancy. They also experience loss of mobility, loss of weight in the alter stages of the illness, loss of control of their bladder or bowels, and side affects related to medication. They may experience illness and discomfort because they are confused about the illness. The disease can last up to 10 years. This can be the cause of a person’s death but other illnesses usually are the main cause.
It is important for the public to know what Alzheimers and Dementia is because the disease cannot be stopped or reversed but an early diagnosis allows people with Dementia or Alzheimer’s and their families to plan for the future. They also have a better chance of benefiting from treatment and lesson anxieties about the unknown.
How would it feel to suffer with these diseases?
The most common form of Dementi is...
Who cares for those with Dementia or Alzheimer’s?
Families provide the majority of care. The caregiver is usually a female, spouse or oldest child. This is based on geographic distance, availability, and prior relationship with the person needing care.
Santrock, J. (2014). Fchd 1500: Human development across the lifespan. (3rd ed. P. 201).
United States of America: The McGraw-Hill Company Inc.
Davis/Haverford, D. (1995). Erikson's Stages. Retrieved from
Clinic Staff/ Mayo Clinic , M. (2013, April 16). Dementia - MayoClinic.com. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dementia/DS01131
By: Haley Veibell
A video explaining these steps better