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An Introduction to Lifespan Development
Transcript of An Introduction to Lifespan Development
What is Human Development?
This is the gradual change from birth through adulthood
The average lifespan is 78 years
This is 30 years longer than the average expectancy in the previous century.......Why? Nutrition, medicine and better sanitization.
the change in size, body composition, chemical
make-up, and height that occur as humans develop from birth to adulthood.
Gross motor skills: large muscle movement
Fine motor skills:
Small muscle movement
As adults age, muscle and fat tissue redistribute.
The body ages rather than regenerates. Arteries harden and eyesight changes, the physical body slows both in function and activity.
Teens: Puberty hits and your body
changes in preparation for possible
parenthood. Chemical changes occur within
The way people change and
grow in how they think over the
stages of life.
Part of cognitive development is the advance and expansion of the use of language. Babies babble, coo and then speak. By the teen years, they can articulate complex thoughts as language progresses throughout the stages of life.
Moral issues deal with what a person judges to be right or wrong. This is included under cognitive development because it involves problem solving and reasoning.
A 3 year old:
may struggle with sharing a toy.
A teenager may struggle with the
decision to participate in illegal
Adults may face challenges with
decisions regarding relationships.
A person's social relationships, feeling, social skills, self esteem, gender identity, and ways of coping with situations change over time
Babies learn to trust and depend on their caregivers.
Young children learn about themselves and become aware of others. They begin to learn to control their emotions. Students learn to wait their turn, form a line, raise their hand, and listen as their parent or teacher is giving instructions.
Children learn to make friendships with
peers. They learn to care about others. They learn to cope with stress.
Teens learn to identify themselves in different roles. They make decisions that affect their adult life.
Adults learn to form relationships
with others. Adults become caregivers, employees, responsible for their own health and well-being.
Human Development and Maslow's Theory
Nature vs Nurture
Pedagogy vs Andragogy