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Earth Systems

By Sophia, Blake, Sebastian, Neil
by

Sophia Washer

on 22 March 2015

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Transcript of Earth Systems

Earth Systems
By: Sophia Washer, Blake Prebay, Neil Wagner, Sebastian Burman
Hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the liquid water component of the Earth. It includes the oceans, seas, lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. The hydrosphere covers about 70% of the surface of the Earth and is the home for many plants and animals. -BP
Geosphere
By; Sophia Washer
Biosphere
Examples:
The Atmosphere is all air that is inside on or above the Earth. It is in the rock or trapped in ice. It is also above the Earth in different layers. They go from the surface to space and the layers are Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere. They are also in everyday people and life and in underground caves. They can be trapped in the ice around the north and south poles. That is the reason why ice floats instead of sinking. The atmosphere is composed of mostly water vapor, O2, O3, nitrogen, Phosphorous, co2, and with some other paticles such as Sulfur Dioxide, Argon, Neon, Helium, and Carbon Monoxide. -NW
Main Components
Earths crust/ mantle
Sand
Rocks
Ocean Floor
Bricks
Mountains
Asphalt
Metals
Dust
Atmosphere
By: Blake Prebay
Rivers/Streams
examples:
Oceans
Waterfalls
Glaciers and frozen water are part of the
cryosphere(all frozen water)
and hydrosphere.
The End,
Thanks for watching.

The hydrosphere connects to the atmosphere because water from the hydrosphere evaporates and turns into water vapor, which rises into the atmosphere and sticks to dust in the air to create clouds. This is part of the water cycle. -BP
The Water Cycle
The Water Cycle is the movement of water through the Earth, it's atmosphere and all of the living organisms it contains. It's movement through the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere and biosphere. -BP
The Atmosphere connects to the Hydrosphere because when the water vapor particles condense into water droplets then falls back into the oceans, lakes, rivers, etc. -NW
The Atmosphere is inside the biosphere because plants and animals inhale and exhale Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide. -NW
Purple arrows = Systems interactions
White arrows = Human interactions
The hydrosphere interacts with the Geosphere, because water soaks into the ground creating groundwater and eroding the Earth. Creating rivers or other features. -BP
The hydrosphere interacts with the Biosphere because humans use water for energy. Also, humans use the hydrosphere for a source of transportation. -BP
Blue arrows = Normal arrows, no special significance.
By: Neil Wagner
The prefix geo means ground. Therefore, geosphere describes any "solid ground" found on or in earth. Not only does this include mountains, rocks, and the ocean floor, but it also includes the earth's crust and mantle. -SW
Geosphere to Biosphere:
The geopshere holds nutrients to help plants and animals grow and stay healthy in the biosphere. -SW


Geosphere to Hydrosphere:
The water in the hydrosphere can carry rocks and minerals, it can also erode rocks and soil. The geosphere can absorb ground water. -SW

The biosphere is a part of the earth's crust, water, and atmosphere that contain life. This includes plants and animals that live on land or in the water. Bio means to life and that's why its called the biosphere.
Fishes and coral
Plants and animals in the forest
Cheetahs and plants
Humans and plants
Plants and animals on the earth
By:Sebastian Burman
The plants that make up the biosphere grow in to the geosphere and extract nutrients from the geosphere.-SB
The plants in the biosphere put oxygen into the atmosphere and the animals, humans put carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.-SB
Nitrogen Cycle-SW
The nitrogen cycle is a series of processes by which nitrogen and its compounds are unconverted in the environment.-SW
The Hydrosphere interacts with the Biosphere because living organisms need water to survive, plants soak up ground water through their roots to use for nutrients. Also, the hydrosphere is perfect place for some plants to grow, like moss. -BP
Geosphere to Atmosphere:
When a volcano erupts it sends matter into the atmosphere.-SW
The Hydrosphere interacts with the Geosphere through human interactions like irrigation. -BP
The Hydrosphere interacts with the Atmosphere because humans produce greenhouse gases which increases the global temperature and makes glaciers melt, increasing the hydrosphere. -BP
Oxygen Cycle-SW
Phosphorus Cycle
The cycle following the movement of phosphorus through the hydrosphere, geosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. -BP
The movement of oxygen within its three main reservoirs; the atmosphere, the biosphere and the geosphere.-SW
The Carbon Cycle
The series of processes that show how carbon moves throughout the earth and it's systems, Hydrosphere, geosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere. -BP
The Sulfur Cycle
The series of processes that move sulfur throughout the earth and it's systems, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Geosphere, Atmosphere. -BP
Hydrosphere interacts with the nitrogen cycle because 80% of the atmosphere is made of nitrogen and nitrogen is easily mixed with water, and it causes a certain change in the water. -BP
Hydrosphere interacts with the oxygen cycle because the oxygen in the air sticks to hydrogen atoms and turns into water and that is what the hydrosphere is made of H2O.-BP
Hydrosphere interacts with the phosphorus cycle because the rocks that contain phosphorus get broken down and become the ocean floor, then the phosphorus mixes with the water. -BP
Hydrosphere interacts with the carbon cycle because carbon in the atmosphere increases the temperature and cause cryosphere to melt increasing the hydrosphere. -BP
Hydrosphere interacts with the Sulfur cycle because sulfur turns the rain slightly acidic and it is in all large bodies of water. -BP
Geosphere to Biosphere:
In agriculture, humans treat the soil (geopshere) to help crops (biosphere) grown big and strong.-SW

Geosphere to Hydrosphere:
Power plants release chemicals and pollutants into the geosphere. The runoff transfers these pollutants into streams and other bodies of water (hydrosphere).-SW

Geosphere to Atmosphere:
When humans go into the production of asphalt, hydrocarbon is produced which will stain and darken the air (atmosphere). -SW

Geosphere to Water Cycle:
Volcanos release steam that enters the water cycle. The water cycle also goes through ground soil.-SW

The Atmosphere rains down onto the Hydrosphere and in that rain are nitrogen, co2, and sulfur. -NW
Geosphere to Sulfur Cycle:
The soil contains sulfate (SO42-), which is a major component of the sulfur cycle. -SW
Geosphere to Nitrogen Cycle:
A key step in the nitrogen cycle is the decaying of plants and animals into the soil.-SW

Geopshere to Phosphrous Cycle:
Plants absorb phosphorus from the soil.-SW
The Atmosphere rains down acid rain that includes, nitrogen, co2, and sulfur. This rains down onto the Geosphere which is all of earth's rocky features that include mountains, dust plains, the whole core and mantle of the earth, as along with the crust. -NW
Geopshere to Carbon Cycle:
Dead organisms and and waste products create fossil and fossil fuels deep in the soil.-SW

Geosphere to Oxygen Cycle:
Oxygen is stored in Earth’s crust/mantle.-SW
The hydrosphere interacts with the water cycle because hydrosphere contains all things water, so water cycle deals with the movement through the hydrosphere. -BP
The People that are apart of the biosphere grow plants in the geosphere.-SB
Humans pollute and put more carbon in the atmosphere and also take in oxygen from the atmosphere.-SB
Every living thing in the biosphere need water from the hydrosphere to survive or it will die.-SB
Humans take water from the hydrosphere and consume it to stay alive.-SB
Biosphere to Nitrogen cycle:
Plants help turn nitrogen into a nitrogen that humans and animals can use.-SB
Biosphere to sulfur cycle
There is sulfur in living organisms from the acid rain which contains surfer-SB

Biosphere to oxygen cycle
Plants create oxygen through photosynthesis.-SB
Biosphere to water cycle
The rain from the water cycle gives water to the plants in the biosphere.-SB
Biosphere to carbon cycle
CO2 is released by plants respiration in the carbon cycle.-SB
Biosphere to phosphorus cycle
Plants consume decomposition minerals from dead organism in the phosphorus cycle.-SB

The atmosphere rains down acid rain that has a mix of different chemicals such as co2, nitrogen water, sulfur, and oxygen. The biosphere drinks the acid rain and it some times kills the plants if the rain has to much of the particles in it. -NW
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