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Los Indios Tainos

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Madeline Pagan

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of Los Indios Tainos

Los Indios Tainos
Los Indios Tainos
By: Brayonna Wallace, Scott Luckart, & Madeline Pagan
Donde Viven
Donde Viven
Los Taínos indios eran habitantes de Puerto Rico, las Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Antillas Mayores y las Antillas Menores del norte. Los taínos se originó en América del Sur y se extendió a lo largo de muchas islas del Caribe norte.
The Taíno indians were inhabitants of Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Greater Antilles and the northern Lesser Antilles. The Taínos originated in South America and spread throughout many islands of the Northern Caribbean.
Costumbres
Costumbres
Tainos are accustomed to go naked but some married women wear an apron like cloth called a nagua.
The caciques (chiefs) and nitainos (nobility) however wore elaborate costumes for ceremonies. They wore capes made from the feathers of colorful tropical birds, finely woven cotton garments, intricately beaded belts, ornate headdresses and jewelry such as necklaces, nose and ear rings and pectoral adornments made from shells, bones, gold and semi precious stones.
Rituales y Ceremonias
Rituales y Ceremonias
~A strong Taíno belief was that since there was an excess of marriageable-age girls, it was a dishonor to the Taínos to not have children. In order to keep from being dishonorable, the Taíno chiefs practiced polygamy and had many wives, which meant many children.
~Taínos chiefs would sit in the small chair and snort psychedelic “snuff”. The ceremonial hallucinogenic substance was obtained by spraying seeds Cohoba with shells of burnt snails. The hallucinogenic powder was served on the head of Cemí. The powders were inhaled with a shaped canutos which is sort of like a hollow flute. They would then ask spirits for advice on the future, for example, whether or not they should go to war. After entering ecstasy, the chief could then make inquiries to Cemí.
The duhos that they sat in were low and well styled banquets, considered one of the most beautiful expressions of Taíno art, made of mahogany or lignum vitae and often carved with zoomorphic representations.

~Upon entering the premises, they were received by the cacique, who played mayohabao- which is drum wood or bamboo. They sat around the Cemí and squatted with their hands on their knees. Prior to the ceremony, which usually took place in the house of the cacique, the chiefs were purified by using a spatula-induced vomiting. The instrument was made of wood or manatee ribs, decorated with figures. Participants also decorated and painted their bodies.
An areito was a ceremony associated with ancestor worship performed by the Taíno people of the Caribbean. These important ceremonies involved dances and music and played an important role in Taíno social, political, and religious life. Areitos usually took place in the main plaza of a village or in the area in front of the chief’s house. The purpose of areito ceremonies was for the living to communicate with the spirit world.
Contribuciones a la Sociedad
Contribuciones a la Sociedad
Cassava Bread
Cassava bread is made from yucca flour, an edible root common in different areas of America, and it was an essential part of the first conquistadors' diet. Because it was a non-perishable product, it was the basic food on ships that left from the West Indies.
Agricultural Techniques
The slash and burn system—meaning cutting down trees and weeds and then burning them to clear an area—was brought by West Indian natives from South America. Another technique used until the end of the 16th century, was cultivating in mounds, meaning sowing over mounds of land suitable for cultivating. This system was so common that Spaniards established it as a measurement of land surface. Of the Taíno agricultural tools, only the coa or digging stick still exists; it is a pole used in hoeing with which they dug the land to sow grains, plants, and tubers.
Housing
Taíno dwellings were known as bohíos, which consisted of a small round or square house with palm tree leaves as roof and walls. Because it was practical for the West Indian climate, Spaniards also adopted the dwelling's design. Bohío construction techniques, with few alterations, were the standard until the beginning of the 20th century.
Fishing Tequniques
The Spanish colonizer also learned fishing techniques from Taínos. Some of these have lasted until the present, such as the system that uses corral-type fishing traps that are placed in river mouths. Poisoning rivers and lagoons with a plant called baiguá, diving underwater to find sea shells such as lambí (also known as conch or Cittarium pica), using nets or round fishing nets, and using fishing baskets that are placed as traps in the sea, are other examples.
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