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Transcript of Eastern Woodlands
The Adena and Hopewell were the earliest historic Eastern Woodland inhabitants.
Later Tribes of the Eastern Woodlands included Illinois,
, and Shawnee in the northeast
Southeastern Tribes included the Cherokee, Chocktaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Natchez and Seminole.
-Eastern woodland Indians lived in Wigwams made from bent poles stripped together and covered with bark, hides, or mats. Some of the Indians lived in Chickees that are made from poles and warm palm leaves. Few of the houses could move from place to place.
-Farmers would build a long house which could hold about 13 families.
- New villages were settled every 10 to 30 years or when the soil became poor, the place got too dirty, or the fish became scarce. Making the Eastern Woodlands Semi- Nomadic.
-60 villages were identified that provided shelter for 60,000 and 50,00 Acres of cultivation.
Relations with others
Neighboring tribes established a secure trade network that traded with each other using goods such as, obsidian from the Rocky Mountains, copper from the Great Lakes, and shells from Gulf-Coast.
Although there are over 100 tribes in the Eastern Woodlands, the tribes mostly shared common languages, like, the Iroquian or the Algonquian language. Despite the many different tribes in the Eastern Woodlands, their culture beliefs and way of living were also the same.
The Eastern Woodlands were one of the very first to make contact with the Europeans, and they formed allies and signed treaties, but like the other Native Americans, they were forced to leave their homes eventually.
- Economic activity mostly revolved around agriculture;
squash, beans, corn, and sun flowers
were vital crops at the time.
- The tribes in the norther half of the Woodlands traded their neighbors corn for furs and copper brought via trade from the Great Lakes area.
- Hunting was also an economic activity practiced, but it was less important compared to the Natives in the Great Plains.
- They traded inland tribes dried fish and shells for deer skins or meat.
were also a vital part of early economics. They were they were made out of white clam shells. They were used as a form of currency.
"The Eastern Woodland Hunters - Environment / Housing." The Eastern Woodland Hunters Housing. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Aug. 2015. <http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_wh2.html>.
"Eastern Woodland Indians." Who Were the Indians? N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Aug. 2015. <http://www.indians.org/articles/eastern-woodland-indians.html>.
Faragher, John Mack. Out of Many: A History of the American People. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.
Role Of Women
Most tribes were matriarchal BUT Northern tribes such as the Algonquins were patriarchal.
Women grew crops & foraged for fruits and seeds
Cooking, preparing skins, taking care of children, gathering wood, cultivating crops masters of the household
Bark baskets were used for storing & cooking foods
Tended garden plots that included beans, corn, pumpkin, squash, tobacco etc...
Prepared and took down wigwams when traveling
17th century English trader trying to establish a good relationship with the Eastern Woodland people
-The Indians gathered nuts and berries and hunted animals.
- Some of the Indians fished and raised corn.