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Persian New Year
Transcript of Persian New Year
The Iranian New Year Persian New Year Presentation His declaration is widely regarded as the "first charter of human rights” …among others due to the call for the abolition of slavery worldwide and for the freedom of choice of profession, the practice of freedom of religion as reported here and the mention of Babylonian slaves being freed. Cyrus the Great Persepolis Ancient Persian Empire Ruins Persepolis (“Thirteen outdoors”)
Celebrating the 13th day of the New Year
(It is usually around April 1st) Sizdah Bedar The Haft-Seen The Traditional New Year Setting Haft-Seen Celebrating the last Tuesday Night before the New Year Chahar Shanbeh
Souri Brief History/Geography/Language
Norooz, The Persian New Year
Chahr Shanbeh Soouri
Questions Overview Agassi is of Armenian-Iranian and Assyrian ancestry Andre Agassi The 13th day of the New Year festival is Sizdah Bedar (meaning "thirteen outdoors")
Day of festivity in the open, often accompanied by music and dancing. The day is usually spent at family picnics.
This marks the last day of Norooz celebrations Sizdah Bedar: 13th Day of the New Yr 1. Sabzeh - Wheat, barley or lentil sprouts growing in a dish
2. Samanu - A sweet pudding made from wheat germ
3. Senjed - The dried fruit of the jujube tree (love)
4. Seer - Garlic (medicine)
5. Seeb - Apples, (beauty and health)
6. Somaq - Sumac berries (the color of the sunrise)
7. Serkeh - Vinegar (age and patience)
8. Sonbol - The fragrant Hyacinth flower (the coming of spring)
9. Sekkeh - Coins (prosperity and wealth)
Other items on the table may include:
10. Pastries and cookies
11. Lit candles (enlightenment and happiness)
12. Large Mirror
13. Painted eggs (fertility)
14. A bowl with two goldfish (life, and the sign of Pisces which
the sun is leaving)
15. A bowl of water with an orange/apple in it (the earth floating
16. Books of Poetry from famous and cherished Iranian poets
(almost always either the Shahnameh or Hafez’s poetry) or a
Holy book (e.g., the Qur'an, Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Bible, Torah,
Avesta, etc) Haft-Seen:The 7 S’s People leap over the flames, shouting:
(Sorkhi-e to az man) Give me your beautiful red color
(Zardi-e man az to) And take back my sickly pallor! On the eve of last Wednesday of the year, bonfires are lit in public places with the help of fire and light, it is hoped for enlightenment and happiness throughout the coming year.
Chahar Shanbeh Souri No = New, Rooz = Day,
Norooz = “New Day” Celebrated for at least 3,000 years and is deeply rooted in the rituals and traditions of the Zoroastrian religion
Occurs on the first day (moment) of Spring when - the Vernal Equinox.
Ancient Persians among the first cultures to employ a solar calendar
Kids typically receive gifts from elders (money!)
Households will engage in “Spring Cleaning” in their homes to start the new year on a good foot. Norooz Goli Ameri
Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs (2007) Jimmy Delshad
Former mayor of Beverly Hills Politicans Firouz Naderi Bobak Ferdowsi NASA Leaders Approximately over 1-1.5M Iranian-Americans in US
According to the 2000 Census, Iranian-Americans considered one of the highest educated ancestry groups in the United States (among 67 ancestry groups)
Over 500 Iranian-American academics teaching at Universities Iranian-American Stats Founded By Darius the Great (522-486 BC) was an ancient ceremonial capital of the second Iranian dynasty Achaemenid Empire,
Persepolis has its name from Greek, meaning 'City of Persians'.
Set ablaze by Alexander the Great (330 BC) after which only ruins have remained Persepolis Today Ancient Persepolis Persepolis Mayor Jerry Sanders Declared March 20, 2007 to be “Persian New Year” day in city of San Diego Celebrating Norooz in the States Rumi: Famous Sufi mystic poet, know for his book of quadrains (4 lines of poetry) the Rubaiyat
His poetry used often in New-Age Music Nezami’s “Layla and Majnun” is a classical Middle Eastern love story of two star crossed-lovers
Eric Clapton’s famous song “Layla” refers to Nezami’s tragic love story A Culture of Poetry Capital City : Tehran
The Official Language of Iran is Farsi
Size: 674,843 km² , (260,558 sq. mi. about Size of Texas) Iran Map and Facts On September 18, 2006, Anousheh Ansari captured headlines around the world as the first female private space explorer. She also earned a place in history as the fourth private explorer to visit space and the first astronaut of Iranian descent. First Female Private Space
X Prize Foundation Anousheh Ansari The Farsi language was able to survive during the Arab/Islam conquest of Iran in 6th century (which lasted 150 years) with the help of poets such as Ferdowsi and his epic book of poetry/stories Book of king “The Shahnameh.” Farsi is a member of the Indo-European family of languages, and within that family it belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch. The Farsi Language Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and founder of the Association for Support of Children's Rights in Iran. On December 10, 2003, Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially for the rights of women and children. She is the first Iranian and the first Muslim woman to receive the prize. Shirin Ebadi DEEP DISH Award Winning and Bestselling Novelist Azar Nafisi Grammy Award Winning Music Duo
(Electronica, Techno, House, Remixes) Films:
House of Sand and Fog
The Exorcism of Emily Rose
The Lake House
TV: “24” Academy Award Nominated Actress Shohreh Aghdashloo Christian Amanpour
Chief International Correspondent for CNN Rudi Bakhtiar
FOX News Asieh Namdar
CNN News Television Journalists Pierre Omidyar Salar Kamangar Pioneers of Technology Arash Ferdowsi Omid Kordestani Catherine Bell Maz Jobrani Bruce Almighty
TV: JAG, Army Wives