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What would happen if an atom had an unbalanced amount of pro

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John Sahota

on 3 February 2016

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Transcript of What would happen if an atom had an unbalanced amount of pro

What would happen if an atom had an unbalanced amount of protons and electrons? Is the action to get the atom unbalanced related to static electricity?

If an atom had a balanced amount of electrons, and protons, we call that atom a balanced atom. But sometimes, it is possible for one or more electrons to get brushed or rubbed off of an atom. For Example: When you go down a plastic slide at a park, you are rubbing your pants against the plastic as you go down the slide, because of all the rubbing, some electrons are very likely to fall off of some atoms on your pants, and on the slide.

If an atom had an unbalanced amount of electrons and protons, several things might happen to that atom. Electrons are negatively charged and protons are positively charged. So, if that atom lost an electron and had more protons, then the atom gets a positive charge, and if that atom gets an extra electron, and has more electrons, then the atom gets a negative charge. All atoms want to be balanced, so an atom that is unbalanced will look for the particle it is missing to fill in for the missing one. The proton or electron that flew out of its atom then tries to find an atom that is unbalanced, after the unbalanced atom finds a particle to fill in for its missing particle, it becomes balanced once again.

When an atom is unbalanced, electrons all around it will want to move towards the unbalanced atom and regain the atoms balance. You know the feeling of when you touch an object and feel a shock, that is because of the movement of the electrons.

Since static electricity is the imbalance of protons and electron because of rubbing and friction, and to get a atom to become unbalanced is also just be using friction, that means that the action to get an atom unbalanced is related to static electricity.



How is electricity measured? What units and tools are used to measure electricity?

Electricity is measured in many different ways. To measure Electrical Current, which is the rate of flow of charge in a circuit, people such as scientists use the unit amperage, or amps for short to measure electrical current, and measure amps using an ammeter. To measure Electrical Charge, people use the unit coulombs, we use Electrometers to measure electric charge. Each and every electron has a very tiny amount of charge. People measure power, which is the rate the energy is transformed into a device, by using Watts, people scientists use Wattmeter’s to measure power. 1 watt means that 1 joule of energy is transformed per second. To measure Voltage, we use volts. And to measure Resistance and Impendence we use the unit omega.





What are insulators and conductors? What are everyday objects that are known as insulators and conductors?

Insulators and conductors are two different, and similar materials in a way. Insulators are materials that connect one power source to something else. The atoms in there are usually very uneasy to free, and is safe and stable for humans to use. Insulators are usually made of Glass, Plastic, Rubber, and Porcelain. Example of insulators: your everyday plugs and wires covered in plastic or rubber to protect you from getting electrocuted. Example of something that doesn’t have insulators: transmission towers don’t have any insulators covering the big metal steel poles, and can be very dangerous to people as they can touch the pole an get electrocuted. Conductors are the wires that are inside insulators and are everywhere in rural urban cities such as Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, and Ottawa. Conductors are usually made of Copper, Aluminium, Platinum, Gold, Silver, Water, and sometimes people, animal and trees. Examples of Conductors: The wire inside your charger wire for a device such as an iPad, the wires inside transmission towers, and the wires that connect from the transmission tower to another tower, and eventually to your house to provide electricity.


When was electricity discovered? And how was it used when it was first revealed? Did anyone use it? What were the first impressions of electricity when it was first discovered? And who discovered electricity?

Electricity can be considered invented and discovered by many people. Some people say Benjamin Franklin first discovered electricity in 1752. Benjamin had made questions about lightning and electricity, and knew that those two things had something in common and wanted to prove it. So he conducted an experiment that is extremely dangerous in a storm with lightning by tying a metal key to the bottom of a kite. Fortunately, he did not suffer any injuries other than a tiny shock. As he thought, the lightning that struck down was electricity and the electricity flowed down the wet kite and down the string, until it hit the metal key, which was in his hand. But in 1879, Thomas Edison figured out a way to turn electricity into light. He invented light bulbs, which are things that convert electricity into light. Electricity from the time it was discovered to now hasn’t been used too much. In 1880, some cities had built small electrical stations according on Edison’s design. In 1930, only 10 percent of homes in the United States had electricity in their house. In 1939, still only 25 percent of homes had electricity in their house. And finally, today, nearly everyone on Earth has electricity in their homes and outside of their house. When Benjamin first found out that he was right about lightning being electricity he was surprised, shocked and amazed that his calculations and inferences were correct and that he discovered something new.

The truth is that electricity started to become discovered way back to about 600 BC in ancient Greek. The ancient Greeks found out and discovered that when you rub fur and amber together the two objects get a temporary attraction between each other. This is what started Static Electricity. But no one is certain yet who actually first discovered electricity.


Benjamin Franklin


What is Green electricity? Is it safe for humans to use? And is it eco-friendly?

Green electricity means that the electricity you are talking about was produced by a source that does not cause any damage or impact to the environment. It is basically an eco-friendly way of producing electricity. There is actually no way or source that produces electricity wouldn’t even cause the tiniest bit of harm to the environment.
But it’s just that some ways of producing electricity is greener than others, some causes less harm to the environment than others. The safest and cleanest ways of creating or generating electricity for the environment are usually just to use the natural energy sources on Earth. These energies are called renewable energy sources, because this type of energy source will most of the time never run out. The most common renewable energy sources are: Wind power, which is a free, efficient and renewable energy source that uses windmills to convert wind into electricity, Solar power, which is also a free, efficient, and renewable energy that most of the time uses solar panels to convert the suns heat into electricity, Hydro power, which is a very renewable energy source that converts the power of the flow of water into electricity, Geothermal energy, which is a very renewable energy source that uses the heat in the centre of the earth and converts it into electricity and even sometimes to heat your stove and heat water, and Biomass, which is renewable energy source where you burn manure and organic crops into electricity. Green electricity is exactly like the electricity that isn’t green. The only difference is that it is more eco-friendly to the environment. Green electricity is usually very unused because sometimes it takes up too much land, costs too much, or takes too long to generate. For Example: Solar energy is a very clean and renewable energy, but the solar panels used to absorb the solar energy can be very expensive.





How is electricity transported from the electricity generation stations to our houses?

Electricity is generated by machines that generate power and electricity using spinning wheels and rotors, those machines are also known as turbines. These machines are in power plants, and power plants are filled with these machines. This electricity is transported from the power plants to our house by using transmission lines. The first transmission lines from the power plant are connected to transmission towers that have stored electricity in them, and then the transmission towers will have another line that connects to the end of it, and transfers some of its energy to another transmission tower, there will be another transmission line, and this repeats over and over throughout a city until the electricity get to your house. If you look outside of your house, you should see a line that connects to your house, and all of your neighbour’s houses too. After the electricity gets to your house, all you hove to do to get this electricity is to simply plug in your plug into your house outlets that are on the walls in the house, and then you can enjoy everything you need to do that requires electricity.










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