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Transcript of Nazi
He believed that the Aryans should be the superior race (Master Race), so he passed the Nuremberg Laws of 1935. It established strict rules for maintaining a pure Aryan race and excluded Jews from citizenship.
To create a population full of Aryan race, Hitler needed more "Lebensraum" (living space), so he put forward the Hunger Plan. This policy forcibly took land away from non-Germans and handed them over to German control.
Hitler put forward the "Final Solution" which was the planned genocide of Jewish and other "undesirables", such as Soviet people, homosexuals, political prisoners, and the ill.
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20, 1889. He was the fourth child of Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl.
By 1892, his family moved from Austria to Germany. Adolf Hitler and his father were always fighting, since then he became distant. As a child, he displayed an early curiosity in German nationalism. He went to Vienna where he worked and he was rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts. During that time, the fires of his anti-semitism was ignited.
Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles after losing in WWI (June 28, 1919)
Treaty of Versailles outlined the punishments that were to be handed to Germany.
Germany had to pay $33 billion in reparations (upset the Germans and led to civil unrest)
Germany was to take full responsibility of starting the war (humiliated the Germans)
The stock market crashed on October 24, 1929, which triggered the Great Depression. The economic hardships the government faced opened up opportunities for communism or fascism to come into the country.
Fascism- idea that the needs of the state (usually controlled by a ruler) is more important than the needs of individuals. This leads to less individual choices and it opposes class conflict
What did the Nazi Party do?
Hitler moved to Munich, Germany in May 1913 to avoid military service in Austrian army, but when the World War I started, he applied to work for German army. He was accepted in August 1914. He received the Iron Cross and the Black Wound Badge.
The Nazi Party was basically a congress ruled by Adolf Hitler in Germany. It grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany totalitarian means from 1933 to 1945. The group encourage Germany Pride and Anti-Semitism. (prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews) Once in power, the Nazi Party committed the Holocaust, exterminating around 67% of the Jew population. They also expressed dissatisfaction with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
The ideologies of Hitler and the Nazi party
The Nazi party use propaganda to gain the trust if the German society. Propaganda within Germany was taken to a new and frequently perverse level. To ensure success, the Nazi Party introduced a new system of censorship; You could only read, see and hear, what the Nazis wanted you to read, see and hear.
hitler as a leader
Where did it start?
While imprisoned after a failed government takeover, Hitler came to realize that the suffering German people faced can be attributed to several factors.
He viewed non-Germanic people as sub-humans. He blamed German's social, political, and economic problems on: Jews, physically and mentally ill, homosexuals, communists, feminists groups and democratic socialists
He believed that the Treaty of Versailles was a detriment to Germany's growth and power. He decided to go against everything agreed upon in the treaty
Hitler lost against Hindenburg for presidency in 1932. After the parliament elections in November 1932, President Hindenburg assigned Hitler as chancellor in January. After Hindenburg died in 1934; Hitler took over both of the positions (President & Chancellor) and held to the "fuehrer".
The German Worker's party, (later on changed to Nazi party) was founded in Munich in the hotel "Fürstenfelder Hof" on January 5, 1919 by Anton Drexler. The members met periodically for discussions with themes of nationalism and racism directed to Jews. In July 1919, Adolf Hitler was appointed intelligence agent of an reconnaissance commando of the Reichswehr, to influence other soldiers and to infiltrate the German Workers' Party. He became interested with the Party's objectives and quickly join the party.
The small number of party members were quickly won over to Hitler's political beliefs. In an attempt to make the party more broadly appealing to larger segments of the population, the German Worker's party was renamed on February 24, 1920 to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) and later on shorten to Nazi Party.
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Rise of the Nazis." YouTube. YouTube, 3 Sept. 2009. Web. 30 Apr. 2014 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a2YEUhHFMH Y>
German Workers' Party." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Apr. 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Workers'
Holocaust Timeline: The Rise of the Nazi Party." Holocaust Timeline: The Rise of the Nazi Party. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. <http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/timeline
A Biography of Adolf Hitler. About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. <http://history1900s.about.com/cs/hitleradolf
Nazi Party." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/nazi-party>.
"World War II: Crash Course World History #38." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2012. Web. 1 May 2014.
Harding, Craig, Tom Smith, John Meston, and David Yoshida. Perspectives on Nationalism. Don Mills: Oxford Canada, 2009. Print.
Rise of Nazis
6 million Jewish people and another 5 million "undesirables" were exterminated by Hitler's "Final Solution"
Hitler and the party's actions also sparked World War II; therefore, Hitler and his party can be considered responsible for around 50 million more deaths worldwide as a result of the war
Across the globe, the countries involved spent a rough estimate of $ 1 trillion during World War II
(8:30 - 10:00)
World War II: Crash Course