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How to Build an Argument

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by

Alisha Adams

on 2 February 2016

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Transcript of How to Build an Argument

How to Build an Argument
Just Remember C.R.E.W
C = CLAIM
R = REASONS
E = EVIDENCE/EXAMPLES
W = WARRANTS
Let's Review
When looking for or writing an Argument remember to bring along your C.R.E.W. for back up.
C = Claim
R = Reasoms
E = Evidence/Examples
W = Warrants
What is EVIDENCE?
EVIDENCE proves that your reasons are valid.
Evidence must be concrete.
Concrete evidence:
Facts (logos)
Statistics (logos)
First-hand stories (ethos)
Examples (logos)
Expert testimony (Ethos)
Essential Building Blocks of an Argument
A - An issue open to debate
B - Your position on the issue (Claim)
C - Your Reasons for that position
D - Evidence to support your reason =
Experience, expert opinion, research and statistics
E - Warrants that explain how your evidence proves your point.
What exactly is Argument?
An argument involves the process of establishing a
Claim
and then proving it with the use of logical
Reasoning
,
Examples/Evidence
, and
Warrants
.
What is a CLAIM?
Often called a “thesis statement” or “main idea” of your paper
Stake out a position and prove why it is a good position for a person to hold.
Ask yourself, “What is the/my point?”
What are WARRANTS?
A WARRANT is an explanation of how your evidence proves your Claim.
Without good WARRANTS your audience may interpret your evidence in a way you didn't intend.
What are REASONS?
A Claim is worthless without VALID Reasons that the Claim might be true.
This is support for your Claim.
Essentially telling the audience why you think what you think.
The "because" element of your Claim.
Let's Break it Down
C
laim: The minimum driving age should be raised...
R
easons: ...because teenagers are not fully mature enough to handle such a difficult task.
E
vidence: The risk of motor vehicle crashes is higher among 16- to 19-year-olds than among any other age group. Teen drivers ages 16 to 19 are three times more likely than drivers aged 20 and older to be in a fatal crash. The presence of teenage passengers increases the likelihood of risky driving behavior.
W
arrant: Risky behavior like speeding, following too closely, and distracted driving are increased when teens have friends in the car. If we increased the driving age to 20 we would reduce the number of fatal accidents because teenagers would be better mentally equipped to handle the simultaneous task of driving and dealing with peer pressure; both extremely difficult activities on their own.
Examples:
“Oreos should be the national cookie.”


“All teenagers should be allowed to carry backpacks.”

Examples:
We should increase the driving age

because

of the high number of accidents, the lack of driver experience, and the teenage brain is not developed enough for such a difficult task.
Examples:
The risk of motor vehicle crashes is higher among 16- to 19-year-olds than among any other age group. In fact, per mile driven, teen drivers ages 16 to 19 are three times more likely than drivers aged 20 and older to be in a fatal crash.
Teens are more likely than older drivers to speed and allow shorter headways (the distance from the front of one vehicle to the front of the next). The presence of male teenage passengers increases the likelihood of this risky driving behavior.
Examples:
The presence of teen passengers increases the crash risk of unsupervised teen drivers. This risk increases with the number of teen passengers. Teenagers are obviously not equipped to handle the both the responsibility of driving and deal with peer pressure at the same time. Increasing the driving age would allow teens more time to mature and become secure in themselves before taking on the difficult task of driving.
Mustang Minute
January 12, 2015

What do you remember learning about Argument from 8th grade? What is Argument writing? What are the parts of a "good" argument?
The driving age should be raised.
Full transcript