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The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

Modern History Presentation
by

laney gould

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln- what led to his assassination?
Lincoln had already had 2 assassination attempts: Baltimore Plot (1861) and traveling from White House to Soldiers Home (1864)
Before Lincoln's actual assassination he had a dream that he had wandered the White House only to find his body in a funeral casket surrounded by mourners.
Abraham's Final Public address held on the 11th of August 1865, this pushed conspirator John Wilkes Booth to murder the President.
Prior to Assassination
Lincoln's Final Formal photograph
Lincolns actual assassination has remained somewhat of a conspiracy since:
Murder weapon was a single shot left handed gun
Booth broke his leg falling from the stage and still managed to escape
John Wilkes Booth was a renowned and respected actor; why would he be against the President?
The Booth Debate
The murder weapon
Good Friday, April 14 1865, 10:15pm
Fords Theatre, Washington DC
Shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth
'Sic semper tyrannis' was the phrase Booth shouted to the audience
John Wilkes Booth was tracked down and killed 26th of April.
The assassination
Booth's fellow conspirators:
Lewis Powell
David Herold
George Atzerdolt
Mary Surrat
John Surrat
Samuel Arnold
Dr. Samuel Mudd
Michael O'Laughlen
Edmund Spangler
Victims
President Abraham Lincoln
Secretary of State William Steward
Vice President Andrew Johnson
Hoped to destroy the US government and change
the US policy towards the South.
The remaining plot failed:
Secretary of State was only wounded
Atzerdolt fled Washington.
The Conspiracy
Your opinion
Why is Abraham Lincoln still remembered as an important man? How did his actions influence our lives until this day?
Entering Abraham
-Entered politics in 1832 and became a Legislature Candidate for the Illinois House of Representatives
-Election was interrupted by the Black Hawk Indian War
-May 1833 Lincoln became the postmaster of New Salem
-1834 he was elected as a member in the Illinois House of Representatives
-Reelected in 1836, 1838 and 1840
-August 3rd 1846 elected from Illinois as part of the Republicans
WHO WAS HE?
Born of the 12th of February 1809, Abraham Lincoln began life in the Hardin County, Kentucky as a rural boy.
In 1817, Abraham was 8, the Lincoln family moved to the state of Indiana and at the age of 10 Abraham's mum died
Rise to Presidency
-June 16th 1858 Lincoln was nominated to run for the US Senate
-Received the most amount of votes but lost the election to opposition Stephen Douglas
-Gain popularity in America
-1860 Presidential Campaign receives the 3rd Ballot Nomination
-6th November becomes first Republican President of the USA

Presidential Actions
-Whilst in political power, Abraham Lincoln made an abundance of changes to the legal and political systems of the USA
-He was very opinionated and was intent on providing support for the slaves and commoners of American society
-The Gettysburg Address is considered the most famous of Lincoln's speeches highlighting his personal values and beliefs
-Address made on the 19th November 1963
Political Movements:
The Emancipation Proclamation
-Issued on the 1st January 1863
-Was an executive order given by President Lincoln during the American Civil War
-Highlighted Lincoln's dislike towards slavery
-Proclaimed freedom for 3.1 million of 4 million slaves
-Recognized as one of Lincoln's most significant political movements
-Recognized as the movement splitting America into two
-Claiming abolition of slavery meant that slaves would benefit from tax payers
-Slaves received 40 acres of land and a mule
Political Beliefs and Values
"This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their constitutional rights of amending it, or exercise their revolutionary right to overthrow it."

-Abraham indirectly called attention to the Government's continued support for slavery
-Whilst giving the Cooper Union Address, Lincoln announced that whilst they proposed to keep slavery out of the territories, they would leave it where those who had framed the Constitution had
-Lincoln would tolerate an evil, but he would refuse to extend it
Public Perception
North= SUPPORTIVE
-larger population
-larger industry
-able to sustain economy without slave labour

South= DID NOT SUPPORT
-depended on slave labour maintain economy
-disapprove of Lincoln's actions
Beliefs spark rage
Abraham Lincoln is accredited as one of the greatest presidents of the United States of America. Mainly so because of his clear mind and established definitive points that were representative of his main beliefs and values. Those of which it is believed we would do well to adopt today:

1) you cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift
2) you cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong
3) you cannot help small men by tearing down big men
4) you cannot help the poor by destroying the rich
5) you cannot lift the wage earner by pulling down the wage payer
6) you cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than your income
7) you cannot further brotherhood of men by inciting class hatred
8) you cannot establish sound security on borrowed money
9) you cannot build character and courage by taking away a man’s initiative

These principles are clearly stated values that denote the beliefs of the president; the beliefs which sparked hatred amongst those of the general American population

Lincoln with his
family
Full transcript