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Social Classes in the time of Jesus

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by

Grace Roh

on 16 September 2011

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Transcript of Social Classes in the time of Jesus

Social Classes
in the
Time of Jesus By:
Paloma Fernandez Stephanie Lopez
Eliana Roney
Grace Roh
Kaiyah Routh At this time Israel had no central governement and as a result the largest and most important social structure was the family. What determined the social position was your religious tradition The priestly class could claim some degree of social importance or nobility on religious ground. Jesus talked often of the rich and poor primarily becuase the gap between the two was so great. There were very few rich people, only those who had acquired land or who had accumulated trade or political influence became rich. Jesus scolded those with wealth and power who refused to share with those in need. Upper class were landowners, governement officilas, and army officials. Middle class were merchants, artisans Lower class were unskilled laborers, farmers Slavery Slavery existed in the time of Jesus
Slavery among the Jews was not nearly as common because most Jews could not afford slaves
The Jewish law demanded that all slaves be freed after seven years of service
Jewish slaves were less popular and fewer in number than pagan slaves
The term often used for slaves was servants
Another term was steward (they managed lesser servants & managed the master's finances)
Slaves were either born into slavery or captured in war and forced to become slaves
Some people even sold themselves into slavery because they can live higher standards as slaves than struggling to find food or housing Geneaology “…the son of Adam, the son of God.”(Luke 3: 23-38)

“ Luke roots Jesus in “universal” history by tracing his genealogy to God through Adam, including David and Abraham(pg. 48)”.
Shepherds

Upper Class “And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night (Luke 2 :8)”

Shepherding was the second to lowest position on the social ladder and was considered the lowest working class.

Shepherds had no chance of holding civic office and were thoroughly despised. Society rejected the poor and the weak, but Jesus made these people the center of his message and those to be most honored
Social outcasts included those who were labeled unclean, the extremely poor, the sick, and women
Judaism excluded all these people from the center of religious life Works Cited Pictures Pharisees “Some Pharisees said, “why are you doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?” (Luke 6:2)

The Pharisees were made up mostly of devout laymen who aimed at observing religious practices down to the utmost detail

They were dedicated to the study of the Old Testament and the following of the Old Testament Law "Ancient Israel in Context." St. Olaf College—A private liberal arts college of the Lutheran church in Minnesota. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://www.stolaf.edu/courses/ws399/ws399_04/Projects/Naylor_Research/israel.html>.
"Answers.com - What were the social classes in ancient Israel." WikiAnswers - The Q&A wiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_were_the_social_classes_in_ancient_Israel#ixzz1FYf5fEL>.
Mateos, Juan. "The Jewish world at the time of Jesus :: Articles in English :: Êèåâñêà ÿ Ðóñü." Êèåâñêà ÿ Ðóñü. N.p., 29 Dec. 2010. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://www.kiev-orthodox.org/site/english/1072/>.
Rendsburg, Gary A.. "The Fate of Slaves in Ancient Israel – Forward.com." The Jewish Daily Forward. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://www.forward.com/articles/2888/#ixzz1FYfZP8LI>.
"Slaves and Servants in the Time of Jesus - History and Culture | Bible Resource Center | American Bible Society." Bible Resource Center | Bible Resource Center | American Bible Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://bibleresources.americanbible.org/bible-resources/bible-resource-center/about-the-bible/bible-history/slaves-and-servants-time-jesus-history-and-culture>.
Westfield, Russ. "Why shepherds ? | therevster.com." therevster.com | . N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://therevster.com/?p=261>.
Zanzig, Thomas. Jesus of history, Christ of faith . 3rd ed. Winona, Minn.: Saint Mary's Press, 1999. Print.
"jesus Family Tomb: Social Classes of the Roman Empire." Jesus Tomb *Official Site* The Lost Tomb of Jesus. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jesusfamilytomb.com/back_to_basics/empire/social_classes.html>.

Chief Priest “When day came the council of elders of the people met both chief priests and scribes… (Luke 23:66)”

They belonged to certain powerful families and were considered sacred figures.

Cheif Priests were official representatives of religion and worship, who were in charge of the temple, which was the religious and political center of Israel In Society.. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_69j7nVK5I7c/TLOQdPtkbeI/AAAAAAAAA9I/AcX1lriD38c/s1600/jesus_shepherd.jpg
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_WebnIkMGTz8/TTdA0B5fZYI/AAAAAAAADnI/8_iFUKYghKw/s1600/Follow+Me.jpg
http://teachers.saschina.org/rderozarhttp://www.julietbennett.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Egyptian_Social_Classes2.jpgio/files/2010/11/Roman-Social-Classes.JPG
http://www.mitchellteachers.net/WorldHistory/AncientEgyptNearEastUnit/Images/EgyptDailyLife/AncientEgyptDailyLifeSocialPic_large.jpg
http://www.thoughtsfromaconservativemom.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Ruth-Gleaning.jpg In Rome.. Jesus lived during the time of the Roman empire Upper class: Patricians were the family second to the emperor and his family
Senators were involved in politics and had political status
Equestrians were based on economics. People could be in this class only if they had a certain amount of wealth Lower Class: The commons or pleabs were freeborn Roman citizens
The Latins or Latini were residents of the Italian peninsula or freed slaves
Foreigners or Peregrini were freeborn people who lived in the Roman territories
Freedpeople or Libertini were former slaves who either bought their freedom or were freed
Slaves The End
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