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Active vs. Passive Voice

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by

Kimberly Helms

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Active vs. Passive Voice

Active vs. Passive Voice
by: Mrs. Helms
Active or Passive?
Verb Voice??
ELACC8L1.d: Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
ELACC8L1.b: Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
YES!!!! Active or Passive
Active Voice
– the subject performs the action
Ex. She caught the ball.

Passive

Voice
– the subject receives the action
Ex. The ball was thrown to her.

Most writers and editors do not like the passive voice…why?

Passive Voice
:
The ball was hit.

(Question?? By whom? The passive voice hides the doer of the action)

Active Voice
:
Tucker hit the ball.
Passive Voice
: Cigarette taxes will be raised.
Active Voice
: Congress will raise taxes on cigarettes.

Passive Voice
: My nose was punched by you.
Active Voice
: You punched me in the nose!


In the bottom of the ninth inning, Slugger Batson slammed the ball across the fence, and every player on the previously loaded bases slid home. Our team won 10-8! The crowd went wild!
___________________voice

The ball was hit and a run was scored. The score was kept and eventually the game was won. Strong emotions were felt by the fans and much applause was heard.
______________ voice
When to use passive voice...
*** Use the passive voice when the doer of the action is not important or not known.
Ex. School is canceled today!
Ex. The cafeteria food was contaminated.

***Use the
passive voice
when you want to be polite, avoid sounding bossy, or soften a strong statement.
Which sounds nicer?.....…

-
Your application was rejected.
(
passive
)
-
We rejected your application.
(
active
)

-
The test must be finished in one hour.
(
passive
)
-
You must finish the test in one hour.
(
active
)
When to use the passive voice...
***Use the
passive voice
when you want to emphasize the thing you are talking about.

-This big blue ribbon
(emphasizing the award)
will be given to the winner.
(
passive
)
-The winner
(emphasizing the person)
will receive this big blue ribbon.
(
active
)

***Use the
passive voice
when you are writing in an impersonal, scientific manner. This emphasizes the research rather than the researchers.
-The mice were separated into two groups.
(
passive
)
-My lab partner and I separated the mice into two groups.
(
active
)
Rewrite the paragraph changing the sentences in passive voice to active voice.
Last night's varsity basketball game was so exciting. Four baskets were scored by my teammate Melanie. She runs so fast, no one can keep up with her. A big foul was missed by the referee when another player hit me! It hurt, but I kept on playing. My team was behind, but the score was close for the whole game. At the last minute, the ball was passed to me. There were only seconds left on the clock. My heart raced. I couldn't let my team down. The winning basket was made by me!
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