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1st, 2nd, and 3rd Degree Burns
Transcript of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Degree Burns
Intro to Burns:
- There are three types
1) 1st degree
2) 2nd degree
3) 3rd degree
1st Degree Burns
How it forms: Affects the epidermis. Produces swelling pain and redness
Parts it affects: All over the body
Causes: Sun or hot objects
-People with fair skin are more prone to sunburns. Anyone can get a flash burn (touching a hot object)
-Usually heals in about a week. To treat: apply a cold compress, lotion (ointments) acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain
-Long term health concerns are rare and usually consists of an increase/decrease in the skin color
3rd Degree Burn
Involves all layers of the skin and causese permanent tissue damage
-Fat, muscle, and bone can be affected
- Burned areas maybe black, dry looking, and white
1. Don't remove burned clothing, make sure the victim isn't in contact with smoldering materials
2. Don't immerse large severe burns in cold water
-causes body temp to drop (hypothermia) and deterioration of blood pressure and circulation
3. check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing, or movement)
4. Cover the are of the burn with a cool, moist, sterile bandage.
2nd Degree Burns
When damage penetrates into some of the underlying layers, it is considered a partial-thickness or second-degree burn. For many second-degree burns, home treatment is all that is needed for healing and to prevent other problems.
Rinse burned skin with cool water until the pain stops. Rinsing will usually stop the pain in 15 to 30 minutes. The cool water lowers the skin temperature and stops the burn from becoming more serious. You may:
Place arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet, or toes in a basin of cool water.
Apply cool compresses to burns on the face or body.
Do not use ice or ice water, which can cause tissue damage.
Take off any jewelry, rings, or clothing that could be in the way or that would become too tight if the skin swells. following these steps you may clean and dress the wound.