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Principles of Equality

Chi.ac.uk
by

Mike Yule

on 13 September 2016

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Transcript of Principles of Equality

What is your impression?
How equal is our society?
"My own view is that the most important thing you need to do in advancing social mobility is to deal with the failure in the school system..."
Michael Gove,
Independent, 22 Feb 2012
Health
Obesity:
In 2015, 40% of boys and girls (aged 11) were classed as obese (University of Birmingham
Incidence of obesity increases
the poorer you become
NHS, Statistics on Obesity, 2012
Education
KS2 results
GCSE
exclusions
bullying
SEN provision
access to digital futures
Income/wealth
Social mobility is lower in more unequal countries
Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level
www.equalitytrust.org.uk
Employment
Civic power
Security/Crime
What are the consequences of these inequalities?
less healthy
more violent
more crime ridden
higher teenage pregnancy
greater anxiety
more drug and alcohol problems
So where does education come in?
Teaching standards
Duty on teachers
Have high expectations of everyone
Make sure we contribute to the solution,
not the problem
Be self questioning...examine honestly our own attitudes
Be aware of the nature of diversity in your school...ask for help and information
Do you agree?
Types of equality
outcome
Moral / Ontological:
"we are equal in God's eyes"
wealth distribution
opportunity
74% men, 96% white, 60% Oxbridge, 100% wealthy
Muslims have the lowest rate of
employment of any religious group.
Some research suggests that Black graduates
face a 24% pay penalty.
Undercover job hunters reveal huge race bias in Britain's workplaces
Ethnicity
In Britain, women occupy 77% of administration and secretarial posts
but only 6% of engineering
and 14% of architects,
planners and surveyors.
Women now do better than men in every aspect of educational qualification but the pay gap between men and women remains
Women with degrees are estimated to face only a 4% loss in lifetime earnings as a result of motherhood, while mothers with mid-level
qualifications face a 25% loss and those with no qualifications a 58% loss

• Women aged 40 earn on average 27% less than men of the same age.
Gender
Figures suggest that 45% of disabled people in their early 20s are NEET.
UK is the most unequal country in Europe
(Equality Trust)
Unequal societies:
less social mobility
This rises to 30 times more likely when police use powers granted by section 60 of the Public Order Act, which allows people to be stopped and search without reasonable suspicion. (The Guardian 17.1.12)
black people are stopped and searched at seven times the rate of white people, and Asian people at twice the rate
Is it the purpose of
Primary education
to even out these inequalities?
"a key message...is that Travellers of Irish heritage, Gypsy/Roma, Black Carribean boys, White working class boys, Black other and Pakistani pupils make less progress at Primary school than White British pupils with the same prior attainment."
from Cambridge Primary Review p120
Asians 5
Black Carribean 30
Gypsy 38
Exclusions per 10,000
UK is becoming more unequal
set goals that stretch and challenge pupils of all backgrounds, abilities and dispositions
Adapt teaching to respond to the strengths and needs of all pupils
Ofsted
Principles of equality
Our society -
equal or unequal?
The role of education
3 Rs
'whole' child - the individual
faith and spirituality
balance individual and society needs
community and citizenship
address disadvantage
global perspective
a new Act that provides a legal framework to protect the rights of individuals and
advance equality of opportunity for all.
Equalities legislation
The protected characteristics are:
Age
Disability
Gender reassignment
Pregnancy and maternity
Race
Religion and belief
Sex
Sexual orientation
direct or indirect discrimination, harassment or victimisation
is unlawful
the defining issue of our time
fairness
jealousy
the bitter politics of envy
Equality
http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/nov/06/race-discrimination-teaching-profession-nasuwt
What is equality?
"Being treated the same"
"Fairness"
"Being treated
differently"
"Communism"
"Impossible"
The pay of the head of Barclays bank has increased nearly 5,000% in 30 years, while average wages have increased just threefold.
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/british-public-wrong-about-nearly-everything-survey-shows-8697821.html
British Social attitudes
- 2015
Chris Emdin @chrisemdin
Gain a critical understanding of the notion of social justice and how it underpins the concepts of inclusion, diversity and equality;

Gain a critical understanding of the notion of childhood and family as they are understood in the wider social context;

Develop a model of the child and the family and have a critical understanding of how those models impact on work with children, young people and families;

Gain critical knowledge and understanding of how the government and social policy is intended to promote positive outcomes for children, young people and their families, both in the short and long-term.
PS3 learning outcomes
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
How accurate are our own judgements?
Income/wealth
How
should
it be distributed?
How
is
it distributed?
...
http://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/about-inequality/scale-and-trends/scale-economic-inequality-uk
Britain's 5 richest people
have a combined wealth
that outstrips
the poorest 20% of families.
be able to apply their knowledge and understanding to be able to respond to the needs of individual children;
learning outcomes
know and understand the principles that underpin inclusion and theories of social justice;
demonstrate the ability to analyse social justice issues in given aspects of educational policy;
be able to critically apply their knowledge and understanding to evaluate their experience in schools;
be able to use their knowledge and understanding to develop relevant arguments to support their teaching approaches.
High Pay Commission, 2011
The Trussell Trust say that the number of people receiving three days or more worth of emergency food from their food banks has increased from around 26,000 in 2009 to over 900,000 in 2014.
Figure 1: Poverty rates by ethnic group, HBAI, June 2013
EHRC, 2010
How much is one man worth?
http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/q-how-many-people-is-one-rich-man-worth-a-6-3-million-extreme-inequality-in-the-uk/
Since the fiscal year 2002/2003, real after-housing income for the poorest 95% of the population has actually gone down, while the after housing yearly income of the richest 5% has gone up.

This requires public authorities including Universities and schools to take steps not just to eliminate unlawful discrimination and harassment, but also to actively promote equality. In other words we have by law to:

• Disability.
• Gender reassignment.
• Pregnancy and maternity.
• Race.
• Religion or belief.
• Sex.
• Sexual orientation.
For schools it covers people who are represented by all of the following seven ‘protected characteristics’:
• Eliminate discrimination, harassment and victimisation.

• Advance equality of opportunity.

• Foster good relations.
In law, Equality and Diversity is addressed by the Equality Act (2010.)
Ofsted
When reporting inspectors must consider:
(the extent to which the school provides an inclusive environment which meets the need of ALL pupils)
Teacher standards
"Teachers should not undermine
fundamental British values"
(updated June 2013)
"showing tolerance of and respect for the rights of others"
Because currently society is unequal. ..
1. What is the life expectancy of Gypsy/Traveller men in Britain compared to the rest of the population?
a) the same. b) shorter (how much?) c) longer (how much?)
 
2. What is regularly reported to SCOPE as the largest barrier faced by people with disabilities?
a) Negative attitudes. b) Lack of money. c) Lack of easy access

3. In the UK this year, what % of British Professors are Black?
a) 43% b) 15% c) 0.4%

4.What % of women are architects, planners and surveyors?
a) 8% b)14% c) 32%
Quiz.
"...gateways to opportunity that appear permanently closed, no matter how hard they try; while others seem to have been issued with an 'access all areas' pass at birth…
In the 21st century, for some people there are still:
‘Race’, religion, class, disability and gender can all have a bearing on a person's prospects.”
EHRC (2010)
"How fair is Britain?" report
Good?
Bad?
(e.g. high attainment,
employment)
NB...This does NOT mean that
we share equal characteristics
In other words, there is not a normal...
We are ALL different
BUT,
We are all due "equal consideration
of the interests we have in common"
Peter Singer
even given our differences
http://www.trusselltrust.org/resources/documents/foodbank/6323_Below_the_Breadline_web.pdf
Children, young people, education and society
https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/bp-working-for-few-political-capture-economic-inequality-200114-en_3.pdf
"equality of opportunity and
recognition of diversity
are promoted through
teaching and learning"
s152 Ofsted School Inspection handbook 2015
Explore what equality means
How equal are we?
What's it got to do with being a teacher?
Does it matter?
http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/what-we-do/resources-and-publications/the-good-childhood-report-2015
Chris Cook
FT, Feb 2012
freedom?
http://www.bsa.natcen.ac.uk/
http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/jul/14/theresa-mays-cabinet-state-educated-but-mostly-male
no longer
http://www.fawcettsociety.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Gender-Pay-Gap-Briefing-2016.pdf
The mean pay gap for full time workers in the UK is 13.9%

but in some professions as high as 35%
discrimination
undervaluing
unequal child care responsibilities
dominance of men in best positions
13.5 million people in UK are in poverty,
https://www.jrf.org.uk/solve-uk-poverty?utm_content=bufferd13b6&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer
JRF
High Court judges
Full transcript