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HSP3M0 Seminar

topic yet to be determined

Margaret Zoom

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of HSP3M0 Seminar

Moral Conducts
-The Golden Rule
Thus the hypothesis was mostly correct, but also partially incorrect.
"Si Dieu n'existait pas, il faudrait l'inventer."

1. To what extent can religion influence the laws, and the public/political decisions?
Religious Countries v.s. Atheist Countries
Religion in Our Society
Summary of presentation
Analysis of Information From Social Science Perspectives

How does religion impact an individual's life?


Religion has both positive and negative impacts on the psychological well-being of an individual and is influenced by many factors such as the moral conducts, hate and compassion, and national statistics of that religion's geographical area.
4. Just how far is religion itself integrated
in our society and to what extent does it’s
influence reach in the average person’s
day to day life in western society ?
Ethics and Moral conducts
Provided by Religion
Hatred Introduced By Religion
Relgion v.s. Science
5. What are the primitive origins of religion, and how much has it expanded in today’s world?
6. Will the far future of the Earth consist of a majority atheist, or a majority religious population?
Intro to Activity
Activity time!
Thanks for Watching! =)
2. What are the positive and negative impacts of religion on western society, and which of those factors are domineering and hence carry more weight than others?
3. Should children be introduced to religion, and if so, how?
Presented By Suleiman Mirza,
Margaret Zhang,
Asad Pasha,
Bill Huang,
and Patrick Miller
Explanations for the Start of the Universe
Explanations for the beginning of life
The Scientific Explanation
-Scientists believe that a huge explosion, known as the Big Bang triggered the start of space and time itself, 14 billion years ago.
-At that time the Universe was congested inside a tiny space, as small as a pinhead.
-It was hotter than almost anything that exists at the moment, so hot that the matter inside was white.
-Then suddenly it exploded, for an unknown reason and the Universe was born, as the Universe expanded its energy changed to particles known as protons and neutrons.
- As soon as the Universe was formed, hydrogen and helium began to form stars.
-Later over the course of time planets and other celestial bodies began to form.
The Religious Explanation
- Considering there are so many religions, each religion has its own different answer to how the Universe started, however the three main religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism have a similar explanation for the start of the Universe.
- These religions teach their followers that the Universe was born after God said ‘be’ and the Universe began constructing itself over the span of 6-7 days.
- This theory is accepted by majority of religions and people; however there are other theories that explain the origin of Universe whilst some religions don’t have an explanation for the origin of the Universe.
The Religious Explanation
The Scientific Explanation
-Scientists are unsure whether life exists on other planets; however they do believe they have the answer to how life originated on Earth.
-Scientists believe that the first matter on Earth was an Archaic-bacterium, a prokaryotic cell (a cell that does no consist a nucleus or complex organelles) which is able to handle extreme conditions and only performs basic tasks such as reproducing and trying to survive.
-Later through mutations other prokaryotic cells evolved into eukaryotic cells (cells that do contain a nucleus and complex organelles) which was unicellular.
- As time passed by, the eukaryotic cell evolved into a multi-cellular organism, that kept on reproducing and mutations kept on occurring for a long period of time which kept on producing new species.
-Thus these species kept on evolving to adapt to their surroundings and kept on producing mutations.
-There are many explanations for the Start of Life considering there are so many religions.
-Though there is a explanation believed by many people.
-The most accepted explanation is that God produced Adam and Eve and after they committed a horrendous act (varies amongst each religion) he banished them down to Earth, and promised them a good life after death if they followed his word, they would be granted a place in heaven.
-Thus Adam and Eve produced many children, and their children produced children, and the cycle continues forever.
-Although the scientific explanation offers an explanation for living organisms other than humans, most religions do not.
The purpose of the activity is to determine who has better essential life skills. The abilities needed to ensure survival are:

1) Being able to adapt and accept new things.
2) Having good decision-making skills.

By all means the activity is not accurate, and may vary from individual to individual, although it sets a baseline for the hypothesized results.
Scenario A for the religious indibividual:
Canada is invaded by an extremist dictator
and you have the choice to either:

) Accept a new religion, that COMPLETELY contradicts your old beliefs, and requires you to avoid all contact with those of other beliefs but you get the opportunity to live peacefully.
) Deny the new religion, and the dictator will try his best to make you live a horrible life of utter humiliation and embrassement BUT you get to keep your current religion.
Scenario A for the non-religious indibividual:
Canada is invaded by an extremist dictator
and you have the choice to either:

) Accept a new religion, that requires you to pray atleast 6 times a day, requires you to abondon education, devote your life to preaching and only allows sexual intercourse once in your life-time BUT you will be allowed to live a peaceful life.
) Deny the new religion, and live a horrible life that may possibly lead to torture, extreme humilation BUT you are allowed to stay non-religious/athiest.
Scenario B for the religious indibividual:
Your house has been sabotaged and vandalized by a religious extremist group and the group MAY wield weapons, which could be dangerous for your family. They will AGAIN be arriving shortly to your house. What do you do?

) Wait outside in the bushes, with a baseball bat to ambush the attackers.
) Gather forces, and and TRY TO peacefully talk with the aggressors (this may not work and could possibly put your life in danger)
You pull out your M9 pistol and shoot as soon as they arrive (this will definately save your life, and you will not be caught by the cops)
Scenario B for the non-religious indibividual:
Your house has been sabotaged and vandalized by a religious extremist group and the group MAY wield weapons, which could be dangerous for your family. They will AGAIN be arriving shortly to your house. What do you do (YOU CAN'T CALL THE COPS)?

) Wait outside in the bushes, with a baseball bat to ambush the attackers
) Gather forces, and and TRY TO peacefully talk with the aggressors (this may not work and put your life in danger)
You pull out you M9 pistol and shoot as soon as they arrive (this will definately save your life, and you will not be caught by the cops)
In a letter to Rabbi Solomon Goldman of Chicago's Anshe Emet Congregation, Albert Einstein wrote:

A man who is convinced of the truth of his religion is indeed never tolerant. At the least, he is to feel pity for the adherent of another religion but usually it does not stop there.

The faithful adherent of a religion will try first of all to convince those that believe in another religion and usually he goes on to hatred if he is not successful. However, hatred then leads to persecution when the might of the majority is behind it.

In the case of a Christian clergyman, the tragic-comical is found in this: that the Christian religion demands love from the faithful, even love for the enemy. This demand, because it is indeed superhuman, he is unable to fulfill. Thus intolerance and hatred ring through the oily words of the clergyman.

The love, which on the Christian side is the basis for the conciliatory attempt towards Judaism is the same as the love of a child for a cake. That means that it contains the hope that the object of the love will be eaten up...
Religion to Religion
Wars and Conflicts
Hatred from the
Hatred towards the Non-Religious
Hatred Towards Selected
Groups In Society
Assimulation & Prejudice
Crime Rates

Lifestyle Happiness / Satisfaction

Federal Laws and Regulations

Distribution of Goods and Services

Class Differentiation
Atheist Countries:
Czhech Republic, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, France, Norway
Religious Countries:
Egypt, Indonesia, Morocco, United Arab Emirates, Banladesh, Pakistan, India, Israel
To deduce the overall influence of religion on the general population of a country.
Atheist countries are generally better to live in because of the above factors.
Average of 1.5% - 2.5%
Average of 6%
3% - 5%
38% - 53%
4.5 - 6
0.5 - 2.5
Religion can affect people in a positive or negative manner. Some ways religion positively influences people is through:
-The Golden Rule
The Golden Rule: This rule is one of the main tenets of religion. Essentially, it is the act of going beyond one’s own selfishness and self-absorbed isolation. This rule teaches us a lesson that what hurts us, hurts others, and what heals us, heals others. Usually taught at a young age, parents characterize this rule – whether they are religious or not – in the phrase, “How would you like it if someone did that to you. “
Humility: Humility is respect for God and a way to show thanks from the blessings that come from God. In Christianity, those with humility are said to be blessed as “… they shall inherit the Earth.” (Matthew 5:5) This explains that those who show humility will gain favour with God and guide Earth and those who live on it to a better state of well-being. In Islam, which means “surrender”, Muslims observe the five pillars of faith which shows the greatness of God and humankind’s place. Buddhists release anger and live free from attachments and suffering by showing humility.
Compassion: This means to “suffer with”, and in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, compassion is how the religious imitate the infinite kindness that God shows them. For these believers, compassion is how God shows love, and by being compassionate to others, they honour God’s love towards them. In Buddhism, Karuna is understanding and identifying with other human beings. Their compassion is said to be so great that they become enlightened and then return to the world to teach others of it. Daya, in Hinduism, is the word for compassion and is one of the three central virtues.
Hope: Many rituals and texts include the idea of hope in the Jewish, Christian and Islamic religion. In Christianity, it is one of the three cardinal values. In Islam, it is the understanding that Allah knows all, and what happens, happens for a reason. In religion, hope is made possible by human limitations. It also induces the fear of the unknown; in this case, the future and death. For Christians, hope includes eternal life in heaven and the Second Coming of Jesus. Islamic and Jewish believers have faith that hope is existence after death. Knowing death isn’t the end helps people believe that they won‘t be separated from people they love.
However religion can also have negative influences and caused things such as:
- Sexism
-The Death Penalty
Sexism: According to some religious beliefs, Woman was created as an afterthought, and from Adam’s rib. In scriptures, she was established as a temptress, whore or domestic servant. Religions including Islam, Judaism and Christianity practiced sexism at one point or another up to and including the present day. For example, the Taliban, who are hard-line Islamic believers, stone and sentence women to death for “offences” such as wearing high heels or nail polish.
Homophobia: Today, homosexuality is accepted in social circles, but different religions consistently list is a sin. For example, in the Hebrew bible, it is stated that “[A Man] shall not lie with another man as [he would] a woman.” (Leviticus 18:22) The commandments state that the punishment for this is the death penalty. Furthermore, in some Christian religions, such as Catholicism, it is taught that homosexual acts are sinful because they are contrary to the natural law of procreation.

Anti-Semitism: Christianity is the basis behind anti-Semitism. In Europe during the Middle Ages, Christians hated Jews for the simple reason that they weren’t Christians. Jews deny the divinity of Jesus, and they were persecuted by the Christians for this. This hatred and persecution led to the Crusades in which Christians tried to capture Jerusalem from the Jews. It is estimated that around 2 million Christians died in the Crusades. With the unsuccessful Crusades, the religious prejudice towards Jews grew. In the 1900s, the Jews were hated by the largely Christian Nazis. Essentially, religious disputes caused the greatest genocide ever. However Jews also think of themselves as superior beings compared to others.
The Death Penalty: Many religions accept the death penalty as a just form of capital punishment. For example, in Christianity, Jesus’ execution on the cross is an example of this. The Qur’an also clearly illustrates the death penalty as a belief. For example, verse 5:32 notes that “Mischief in the land is also punishable by death.” And finally, the religious law of Hindus is encoded in the Dharmasastras which describes many crimes, and the death penalty in several instances.
0.01% - 1.82%
3.49% - 15.0%
Lower Middle Income
Upper Middle Income
- There are many negative sociological affects
as a cause of religion such as, hatred and biased opinions about other religions.

-However there are also positive sociological affects as a cause or religion such as, following ethical conducts which positvely affects society.
- There are many negative anthropological affects as a cause of religion such as, not believing in plain and simple facts such as evolution, where debate is unecessary because all the evidence leads humans to conclude the fact that everthing is a product of evolution.

-However there are also a few positive anthropological affects due to religion, such as most religions suggest their believers to ponder upon the subject of anthropology
- There are a few negative psychological affects as a cause of religion such as, feelings of guilt, suppression, and burden that are enough to make one's mind emotionally unstable.

-However there are also positive psychological affects as a cause of religion, such as hope, confidence, and inspiration/motivation
-Death Penalty
Internal Hatred
-Religion to Religion
-The Crusades
External Hatred
-Hatred from Non-Religious
-Hatred to Non-Religious
-Hatred towards certain groups
Beliefs of Origin
-God Created
the universe
-Adam and Eve
sinned and got
banished to Earth
-They produced
children, starting
the cycle of life
Atheism vs. Religion
-Studies show that while
religious countries are
happier, non-religious
countries tend to be
safer and more
comfortable to live in
Children should be exposed to the large variety of religions in their immediate geographical region, as well as to the concept of atheism, and then left to decide for themselves.
- It easy notice the fact that most laws are based on religious teachings, for instance most un-ethical deeds, such as stealing are mentioned in every religion and are also considered a crime in the real world.
-Many political decisions are also based upon the concept of religion, such as the decicsion to wage a war against another country for abiding a different religion, or electing a religious leader which is entertwined with public decisions.
Inferring that collective punishment is OK
Attitude of exclusivity
Lack of accurate knowledge
Linking religion and nationalism
Possible factors of religious hate and conflict
Barna Research 1995
Reactions and social tension after 9/11
Atheism and Communism are often linked in news articles, sermons, etc.
The Spanish inquisition
The Crusades
Some religious groups, such as the Kach and Kahane Chai parties in Israel or Egypt's Islamic Jihad, consider violence to be a ‘duty'.
Next, we will be playing a popular yet thought evoking video
showcasing the conflicts that exist within a single religion. The
young man will be giving the pros and cons in support of his argument and it is up to you to evaluate/critize the P.O.V.
Primary Research Methods
a) Online Survey
b) Personal Interviews
c) Class Experiment
a) 25 Individuals
b) 10 Individuals
c) 4 Individuals
Results and Interpretations
75% of religious individuals
said they were happy.
61% of non-religious inviduals said they were happy.
75% of believers supported segregation of religion and government.
Male and Female Teenagers
12 - 21 years of age
54% of religious individuals admitted they believed in evolution.
51% of religious individuals found their education agreeing with their personal beliefs.
47% of atheists believed we were born predisposed to being 'good'.
Full transcript