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Transcript of Tang Dynasty
The Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty: Accomplishments
Tang Dynasty Inventions
Although Sui Wen was a good ruler, his son, Yang, was not
China reached its largest size up to this point in history—it now included Korea, Vietnam and much of Central Asia.
Because it was a Golden Age, with lots of wealth, there were also many important inventions created during the Tang Dynasty
Yang was considered one of the worst rulers in Chinese history - he was eventually strangled to death
End of the Sui Dynasty
A popular Sui general took over and began a new dynasty: the TANG
It was the beginning of a Golden Age in China
Trade flourished by land and sea.
Some of China’s finest arts and literature also came out of the Tang.
The Tang were open to foreign cultures and religions, including Christianity.
was the capital. Today it is known as
. Chang'an became one of the richest, largest, and most cosmopolitan cities in the world—traders from India, Central Asia and the Middle East mingled on its streets. At its peak, it had an estimated million inhabitants, including about 20,000-50,000 foreigners.
The second Tang emperor was Taizong. As a boy, he had actually pushed his father to take over China.
But Taizong believed that if all people were treated with respect, society would be healthy.
According to legend he once visited a prison and witnessed 290 prisoners sentenced to death. He said he would allow them to go home to visit their families if they promised to return the next day. They all did and he pardoned them.
Taizong appreciated how common people actually had some power. If they became unhappy, they could rise up in opposition and would lose the Mandate of Heaven. So Taizong tried his best to make sure his people enjoyed a reasonable standard of living. One of his favorite sayings was: "waters (meaning peasants) can both float and sink a boat (meaning a ruler)."
Under Emperor Taizong, the Tang Empire became the most powerful empire in the world.
There was a meritocracy. People were chosen to work for the government based on their exam scores, not based on who they knew
Tea, apricots, peaches, and bananas were created
Gunpowder, though it was
only used for fireworks
Water-powered fan wheels
that worked like air conditioning
The An Lushan Rebellion (755-763 CE) badly weakened the Tang Dynasty. Led by General An Lushan, the rebellion took place during the reigns of 3 different emperors. Millions of people died. Although the rebellion was eventually defeated, the Tang Dynasty fell apart soon afterwards.
He could be quite ruthless. He had both his nephews killed because he was afraid they might rebel against him.