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Observation and Self Report
Transcript of Observation and Self Report
Either an activity of a living being, such as a human, consisting of receiving knowledge of the outside world through the senses, or the recording of data using scientific instruments. Forms of Observation Forms of Observation What is Observation? Structured observation:
Involves the use of specific and explicit rules to guide the observer in exactly what to look for in participant’s behavior. These explicit rules are formulated and communicated via an observation schedule, an observation guide analogous to an interview schedule.
The observation schedule is designed to ensure that participant’s behavior is observed and recorded systematically. Participant Observation:
Involves the observer immersing him or herself in a group or activity in order to observe behavior.
Observers generally aim to illicit processes and the meanings subjects assign to these processes. Benefits It provides:
More reliable information about events greater precision regarding their timing, duration, and frequency.
Greater accuracy in the time ordering of variable
More accurate and economical reconstructions of large-scale social episodes.
Observation and Self Reports are useful supplementary assessment methods when used in conjunction with oral questioning and performance tests.