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Ahris de Luna

on 29 March 2014

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Counselling is a process where, by talking to a professional about how you’re feeling, you can work out, or try to change, the things that cause you distress.
Counselling - guidance offered by social workers, doctors, etc, to help a person resolve social or personal problems.
something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
The task of counseling is to give the client an opportunity to explore, discover and clarify ways of giving more satisfyingly and resourcefull.

Counseling, sometimes called “talk therapy,” is a conversation or series of conversations between a counselor and client. Counseling usually focuses on a specific problem and taking the steps to address or solve it. Problems are discussed in the present-tense, without too much attention on the role of past experiences.
Instead of narrowing in on individual problems, psychotherapy considers overall patterns, chronic issues, and recurrent feelings. This requires an openness to exploring the past and its impact on the present. The aim of psychotherapy is to resolve the underlying issues which fuel ongoing complaints. Psychotherapists help to resolve past experiences as part of laying the foundation for a satisfying future.
How do I Choose Between Counseling& Psychotherapy?
 Do you have a single concern that you would like to get some feedback on? Consider counseling.
 Have you noticed a pattern of problems or concerns that seems to keep coming up? Consider psychotherapy.
 Are you typically satisfied with your life and relationships, and just looking for a sounding board?Consider counseling
 Is it time to address previous trauma or family patterns that are keeping you from feeling good in your own skin? Consider psychotherapy.
Factors to Consider to Ensure the
Success of Counseling.
Client Factor
If they have positive expectation and faith in the counseling process and counselor, then their chances of success will increase. Likewise if they have willingly sought out the counselor and are truly seeking resolution then this will help too.
On the other hand, being depressed or otherwise negative may act to hinder the treatment, for example where they do not engage well or work to change their thoughts and actions. In such cases, the skill of the counselor becomes more critical.
Counselor Factors
The counselor has a significant effect on the outcomes of the sessions. Typically those who get a masters degree in counseling are the most successful. They first should encourage and support the client in taking a positive viewpoint about the treatment and the outcomes.
A counselor who is warm and has an empathetic and positive regard for their clients, with a non-judgemental and accepting approach will be more likely to create the right conditions for success.
And of course the counselor should be expert in the methods that they practice, with a continuing concern for improving their ability in a discipline that is both science and art.

Contextual Factors
The environment in which the counseling takes place can have a significant effect. If it takes place where the client feels uncomfortable, for example where a school counselor speaks with a child in a feared classroom, then this may negatively affect the session.
Ideally the counseling takes place in a quiet, warm and comfortable place away from any distraction (including distant sounds) where the counselor and client can talk in comfort and safety.

Process Factors
There are many factors within the counseling process that may contribute towards success including:
• Understanding of client and counselor roles
• Bonding between client and counselor
• Open listening
• Unconditional acceptance
• Exploration of problems
• Insights and awareness of issues
• Periods of reflection and inner thought
• Opportunity for carthasis and emotional release
• Learning new models and ways of thinking
• Desensitization of sensitive issues
• Trial and adoption of new ways of thinking and acting
• Feedback on success of trials
• Ongoing practice and improvement

Confidentiality within counselling refers to the premise that what you say to your counsellor stays with your counsellor.
However, there is no such thing as absolute confidentiality and it is misleading for a counselling service to imply this. There are a number of limitations that prevent total confidentiality which clients and potential clients should be aware of.
Counsellors have legal and ethical obligations which could cause a break in confidentiality. Legally, records can be subpoenaed if it is required by law. Also, there are some laws which demand reporting of child abuse or suspected child abuse.
There are other possible situations where a client’s case may be discussed with others. What if the client is under 18? Will their case be talked about with the parent? In such cases, counsellor should have a clear guideline of how confidentiality will work and both parent and child should be aware of the situation.
Resolution No. __
Series of 2007

SEC. 27 Prohibition Against the Practice of Guidance and Counseling. - No person shall (a) engage in the practice of guidance and counseling without a valid Certificate of Registration and a valid Professional Identification Card or a Special Permit; (b) represent to the public or to third persons as
Registered and Licensed Guidance Counselor during the time that the Certificate of Registration has been revoked or suspended; and (c) allow anybody to use one's Certificate of Registration and/or Professional Identification Card, or Special Permit as a Guidance Counselor to enable such unqualified individual to engage in the practice of guidance and counseling;Provided, that a person without any of the above-mentioned documents shall practice the profession until after he/her shall have passed the Licensure Examination for Guidance and Counseling in January, 2008 or January 2009 and shall have registered as a Guidance Counselor; or shall have registered under Sec. 14, (Registration Without Examination), Rule III of this RR.

Any unethical practice of guidance and counseling as may be defined in the Code of Ethics and the Code or Manual of Technical Standards to be prepared by the Board in consultation with guidance counselors is prohibited.

Welfare of clients: Counsellors encourage client growth and development in ways that foster the interest and welfare of clients and promote formation of healthy relationships.
Informed Consent: Clients have the freedom to choose whether to enter into or remain in a counselling relationship and need adequate information about the counselling process and the counselor.
Confidentiality: Clients have the right to confidentiality and to be provided with an explanatio of its limitations.
Non professional interactions: Non-professional relationships between counsellors and present and former clients should be avoided.
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