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Modernism

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Kristen Shuman

on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of Modernism

The Great Gatsby
Cantos
The Waves
Heart of Darkness
The Waste Land
Ulysses
To the Lighthouse
Invisible Man
Waiting for Godot
Tender is the Night
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Three Lives
Tender Buttons
Ida
Dubliners
Two Gallons
Mans character started to become introspective. This meant they began to grow more withdrawn; this withdrawl was used to express the fact that people didn't feel like they fit in or wanted to. This inner distress was used to reflect the disillusionment of society. It did not only question society but it questioned themselves.
Modernism
Characteristics of the Writing Styles
Influential Authors
James Joyce
Virginia Woolf
Sylvia Plath
T.S. Eliot
Ezra Pound
W.B. Yeats
Gertrude Stein
Franz Kafka
Knut Hamsun
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Ernest Hemingway
Samuel Beckett
Wallace Stevens
Robert Musil
Spiritual, Social & Political Conflicts
Social:

The use of electricity & mass production changed the lives of many americans. Frozen food became common. With the increasing of cars people went out a lot. Women demanded political & economical rights, which led to the 19th amendment. Also, the new feelings of the jazz age also inspired and reflected the overall feeling of modernist literature.
Modernism vs. Post Modernism
Modernism: "Ours was a generation grown to find all gods dead, all wars fought, all faiths in men shaken" (F. Scott Fitzgerald).

Post Modernism: "People who did lie were, on the whole, ore resourceful and ambitious and successful than people who did not lie."(Catch 22).
Thematic Focuses of Modernism
-Distrust
-Disillusionment
-Historical discontinuity
-Fragmentation
-Violence
-Representation of Inner Reality
-Rejection of Norms
-Alienation
-Unavoidable Change
Cultural Significance of the Period
Rebelled against Victorian Era
End of World War I: questioned why we killed thousands and celebrated
Disenchantment of the world
With new advancements in technology, society kept changing in order to keep up and not “live in the past”
Made society more self-conscientious and aware of current events
Embraced city life (away from nature); cities represented the mix of social change that came with modernism
People were packed together, yet became more introspective
Wanted people to look at the world in different ways, make your own opinions
All of the questioning that was happening led to nihilism, a post-modern ideal
Focus of Man's Character
-fragmented imagery, sense of chaos
-included writing techniques such as irony, symbolism, plot, and point of view
-wanted to experience life in a newly experienced way; they strongly embraced change in society
-senses of skepticism, loss of identity and meaning, confusion, despair and faithlessness
Definition of Modernism
Modernism: (1890-1940) a literary movement that was characterized by a rejection of 19-century traditions and self-conscious break with traditional styles of poetry and verse.
-inherent difficulty
-society, political, and religious distrust and doubt
Spiritual :Modernists believed that a certain amount of pushing was necessary because some of our old traditions and ideas were holding us back. They completely reject the old ways (particularly realism).They questioned the existence of God.
Political: World War I happened during the modern era. Modernism, which had been a minority taste before the war, came to define the 1920s. People were starting to understand that the world was changing and by 1930, Modernism won a place in the establishment. Themes of modernism came to be inspired by constant political conflicts such as the 1918 Bolshevik Revolution, which struck a new fear of communism into America, and the stock market crash and the Great Depression which led to poverty and mass amounts of unemployment, inspiring a feeling of despair.
Famous Literary Pieces
Imagism
: (1912) use of precise, concrete images through a free verse poetic format
Surrealism
: expression of human thought through imagery and confusing sentence structure
Expressionism
: emotions and personal perceptions are emphasized over reality
Vorticism
: (1914-15) fear of technological innovation
Futurism
: concern with trends or events that may anticipate the future
Symbolism
: representation of ideas or qualities
Dadaism
: rejected society's accepted ideals of beauty and culture
By: Devin, Hannah, Juliet, Kristen, Maddy, and Maureen
Literary Terms
-valued experimentation and individualism
Added Literary Vocab:
Stream of consciousness
- constant thinking with no structure given throughout the random thoughts (ex: Journal entry for I love/hate)

Fragmentation
-drops the reader down in the story with no defined beginning or ending; disjointed and linear narratives (ex. Great Gatsby)

Ice berg effect
-the basics of the story are expressed simply and giving enough depth for the reader to create the correct inference that the author implied; it keeps the reader involved by giving them enough information to infer what goes on in the body of the story; (ex. Hemingway)

*Note that most of these terms were mostly seen in the artistic movement
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