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The Outcast: Module 1

Zehra Rizvi
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Zehra Rizvi

on 27 June 2014

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Transcript of The Outcast: Module 1

The Outcast: Module 1
Brave New World
Themes
Importance of Humanity
Power always Hides Something
The Privilege of Choice
Capriciousness of Society
Comparisons
1984
is a more totalitarian Dystopia whereas
Brave New World
is a more relaxed, scientific Dystopia
1984
Themes
Reality is what society makes it
The individual cannot exist without society
Human Nature can be manipulated
All things end eventually
The role of authority and power
Acquainted with the Night
Themes
Loneliness
Nature's Authority
Civilization Lives with People
Sounds Signify Life
The World is Too Much With Us
Themes
Nature is not understood by Man
Mankind has Forsaken Happiness
Water is Powerful
Man is Nothing in Front of Nature
Comparisons
Nature features in both but is more prominent in "The World Is Too Much With Us"
Final Conclusions
The novels are both Dystopian while the poems are of normal, imaginable times
Zehra Rizvi
Textual Evidence
The Outcast
Winston Smith
Conclusions
1984 is an inherently peculiar book, but in the best way possible. George Orwell succeeds every time in his attempts to force the reader to question his or her own convictions and style of living. Things that previously might have seemed unchanging constants now seem suspicious and enigmatic. What I loved most about the book was that Orwell unflinchingly laid down his views, regardless of how greedy they might seem. The Party itself does not hesitate to claim they are power-hungry, does not even attempt to inject any altruism into their motives. They are what they are, and they simply want everyone else to accept it and believe in them. It remained intriguing throughout and made me wonder what type of comrade I would have been had I existed along with Julia and Winston.
Textual Evidence
"'O brave new world,' he repeated. 'O brave new world that has such people in it.'"
The Outcast
John
Conclusions
Brave New World
has a very different type of Dystopia developed. Rather than absolute dominance by the World Controllers, each caste is left to do their own work, trusted because they have been programmed as such. It is very odd how everyone is simulataneously happy and yet completely aware of all that is happening. They are shoved into castes at birth, essentially at random, and then expected to be content with their new lot in life. The weird part is that they are happy, or at least the kind of happy they've been taught to be. I didn't particularly enjoy the writing style because its choppiness created a lot of confusion, but the idea and plot were quite interesting.
The Outcast
Narrator
Conclusions
Robert Frost's poetry is always fun to read, simple and yet somehow managing infinite depth. This poem follows the trail of the narrator, who takes a walk in the rain at a forlorn hour of the night. His loneliness is easily sensed through diction such as "saddest city lane" and "unwilling." It seems that he is unable to explain his urge to be out walking at such a time. The author also describes the city in such a way that once the narrator leaves it, it is as though he is leaving behind civilization. Nature, as usual, features prominently, first with the mood-setting rain and then with the high and mighty moon. The first and last lines are the same and serve to connect the poem's stanzas. This poem almost has an adorable feel but also seems to resonate in the heart, as if all of us are able to understand the narrator, to feel his solitude and know from experience.
Textual Evidence
"I have passed by the watchman on his beat
And dropped my eyes, unwilling to explain."
Textual Evidence
"Little we see in Nature that is ours"
The Outcast
Mankind
Conclusions
This poem seems to be a lament for the loss of nature to mankind. It is saying that we no longer appreciate nature as we should, that we cannot understand it as we used to. The many Greek Mythology allusions invoke the names of gods associated with the sea and oceans, indicating the strength and power of the water. The narrator feels forsaken and melancholy rather than amazed by the beauty and solace of nature. He feels saddened that he is unable to hear or see the nature gods, feels that it is a power now lost to him and all humans. Really, this poem is a tribute to nature and all that we, as humans, have given up as we become more and more "civilized."
"'Then where does the past exist, if at all?'
'In records. It is written down.'
'In records. And--?'
'In the mind. In human memories.'
'In memory. Very well then. We, the Party, control all records, and we control all memories.Then we control the past, do we not?'"
"Alone -- free -- the human being is always defeated."
"We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it is an end."
"...every human being is doomed to die which is the greatest of all failures."
"But we create human nature. Men are infinitely malleable."
Hates Big Brother
Adulterous Affair With Another Party Member
Outer Party Member
Likes Antique Trinkets
Cynical
Decently Intelligent
Born Before the Revolution
Obsessed with the Past
Unable to Become Mindless Servant
Dislikes Most Women
Good Memory
"One luminary clock against the sky
Proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right."
"I have outwalked the furthest city light."
"I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet
When far away an interrupted cry
Came over houses from another street,"
Alone
Out at Night
Unwilling to Speak
Away From People
Braves the Rain
No Family?
"We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!"
"Have sight of Proteus rising from the sea;
Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn."
"For this, for everything, we are out of tune"
Not in tune with Nature
Alone
Despairing
Powerless
Heartless
Lost
Abandoned
Don't see the Beauty of Nature
Unnatural
Loneliness and solitude is a theme in both
Helplessness in front of nature
"The World Is Too Much With Us" is more about remembrance whereas "Acquainted with the Night" deals with being adrift
"Acquainted with the Night" is about one specific man but "The World Is Too Much With Us" is about humans in general
Narrator is the outcast in both
About the present time rather than a Dystopia/Utopia
Shunned by Indians
Different from World State citizens
Obsession with Shakespeare
Director's son
Wants and Refuses Lenina
Commits Suicide
Confused by Contrasting Ethics
"My father -- and it was the Director! My
father
! Oh Ford, oh Ford! That was really too good."
"'Well, I'd rather be unhappy than have the sort of false, lying happiness you were having here.'"
"'He can't help himself. He's foredoomed.'"
Both have a fixed social hierarchy
1984
has a structure that relies much less heavily on birth
Both undervalue the concept of family
Brave New World
employs more genetic research while
1984
is all about war
Brave New World
has several main characters and view points
1984
follows the story of only Winston Smith
All of the outcasts deal with loneliness
Nature features in all of the works but is least prominent in
Brave New World
Family ties are undercut in all of the works except "The World Is Too Much With Us" which does not adress them
Consumer Frenzy is a big theme in both the novels but not in either of the poems
All of the outcasts are shunned for their beliefs
Consumerism
The Outcast: Analyzed
In all of these works, the concept of the outcast is, of course, slightly varied each time. However, the outcast shares many commonalities as well. For example, in each work, the outcast is alone in some way, be it in his emotions, his class, his upbringing. He is isolated because of his solitude by those around him until he feels that there is no one who understands his predicament. The two novels explore a hereditary reclusiveness that stems from their caste and the way that they have been brought up. While John is more ostracized for his birth, Winston too feels the effects of his mother's unconditional loyalty. As for the poems, the narrators discover an inner lonesomeness, as if something is missing. While "The World Is Too Much With Us" is much more general in its outcast, both poems do address the detachment each of the four outcasts feel towards their society. That, in essence, is what creates the outcast: an inability to render themselves a part of the larger community. The reasons for their unwillingness to conform are all diferent -- values, knowledge, an ache in the soul -- but really they all share a common ground of being repulsed by that which has become the norm.
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