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Muslim Health Care

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Leah Osgood

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of Muslim Health Care

-Must follow halal (similar to kosher)
-No pork
-No alcohol
-Possible vegetarian diet


Muslim Culture and Health Care
Maddie Arnoldussen, Leah Osgood Ashley Schwarz, Jean Tooher

A Bit About Muslim Culture...
- Followers of Islam
-Believe in one God, and the prophet Muhammad
-Qur'an
-Pray toward Mecca five times a day
-Yearly fast of Ramadan
Some Health Care Practices:
-Procedures that endanger life
-Ismic prayer after birth
Women in Islamic Faith
Closed off about personal information especially sexual information
Women
Should only be provided health care by same gender
Modesty
Barriers
- Cervical Cancer & Antenatal Care
Ask for opinions from client
Things to know:
Fasting- pregnancy
Female Circumcision
Gowns
Muslim Care Ideals
Caregiving Responsibilities

Caring for others embedded in Religion

Spiritual care beliefs (Promote and Prevent Illness)
Culture Care Preservation
Shaking hands with opposite sex

Meals and Medication Preferences

Autopsy and Organ Donation
Nurse Implementation
Harmful Effects of Medication Sharing

Smoking Health Dangers

Social Network for Healthcare

Finding Affordable Healthcare
(Wehbe-Alamah, 2011)
Communication
View of Health
Qur'an
Emotional distance
Patience
Acceptance of situation
(Mir, Sheikh, 2010)
Balancing practices with medical necessities
Absence of dialogue in patients and medical staff
*Be confident and willing to discuss medicine with patients*
Lack of communication can cause fear
Religious activities include: fasting, mosque attendance, Qur'anic recitation, and ritual prayers
(Mir, Sheikh, 2010)
The Five Pillars of Islam

"These pillars define the duties that each Muslim must adhere to as a determinant of faith" (Mir, Sheikh, 2010).
1st Pillar- Shahada
2nd Pillar- Salat
3rd Pillar- Zakat
4th Pillar- Sawm
5th Pillar- Hajj
(Charles, Daroszewski, 2012)
(Hasnain, Connell, Menon, Tranmer, 2011)
(Hasnain, Connell, Menon, Tranmer, 2011)
(Hasnain, Connell, Menon, Tranmer, 2011)
(Hasnain, Connell, Menon, Tranmer, 2011)
Citations
-Separate culture than Arabs
-Religion influences everything in life
-Circumcision
-Blood Transfusions are okay
-Autopsy is not encouraged, but is permitted
These practices vary from person to person be sure to consult your patient before assuming anything.
Providing Culture-Sensitive Care
Informed consent
-Major decisions and extended family
Men have most say
-Informed consent should be obtained from individual if possible, or whoever patient appoints to make decisions
-Document if another family member provides informed consent
Providing Privacy and maintaining modesty
- Do not shake hands of patient of opposite sex unless invited to.
- Protect modesty whenever possible for both men and women
-Announce presence before entering
Dietary requirements
-Fast during Ramadan (month long fast)
-Allow client to take medications and meals at different times if illness allows
-May refuse medications
Decision making
-Family must be included
-Men and elder's are most important
-Defering decision making
-Qur'an is ultimate authority
-Decisions must not endanger life.
Summary
-Be aware of differences in Muslim Culture
-Always ask client about personal preferences
-Provide for privacy and modesty at all times
-Document!
-Respect decision making practices
-Ask about dietary restrictions and/or medication restrictions
-Allow for meals and medication delivery times to follow religious practices
(Wehbe-Alamah, 2011)
(Wehbe-Alamah, 2011)
-Hospice care
Accommodating for Family/Community Members
(McCloud, Aminah B, 1999)
Charles, C. E., & Beth Daroszewski, E. (2012). Culturally Competent Nursing Care of the Muslim Patient. Issues In Mental Health Nursing, 33(1), 61-63. Retrieved from web.a.ebscohost.com.pioproxy.carrollu.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d2c95a0c- d112-47d8-ab6a-93526b7dfdd8%40sessionmgr4004&vid=12&hid=4101

Hammound, Maya M., White, Casey B., Fetters, Michael D. (2005). Opening cultural doors: Providing culturally sensitive healthcare to Arab American and American Muslim patients. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1307-1311. Ann Arbor Michigan: Elsevier. Retrieved from http://coe.stanford.edu/courses/ethmedreadings07/em0703mahari2.pdf McCloud, Aminah B. (1999) Guidelines for health care providers interacting with Muslim patients and their families. International Strategy and Policy Institute. (Chicago, Illinois). Retrieved from http://www.ispi-usa.org/guidelines.htm

Hasnain, M., Connell, K. J., Menon, U., & Tranmer, P. A. (2011). Patient-Centered Care for Muslim Women: Provider and Patient Perspectives. Journal Of Women's Health (15409996), 20(1), 73-83. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.pioproxy.carrollu.edu/ehost/detail?vid=3&sid=8dd00b62- 6d3d-41cd- 9efed6a9dbd4127d%40sessionmgr4003&hid=4207&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWNvb2tpZ SxpcCxjcGlkJmN1c3RpZD1zNjIyMjAwNCZzaXRlPWVob3N0LWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9 c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=rzh&AN=2010913318

Mir, G., & Sheikh, A. (2010). ‘Fasting and prayer don’t concern the doctors … they don’t even know what it is’: communication, decision-making and perceived social relations of Pakistani Muslim patients with long-term illnesses. Ethnicity & Health, 15(4), 327-342. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.pioproxy.carrollu.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d2c95a 0c-d112-47d8-ab6a-93526b7dfdd8%40sessionmgr4004&vid=18&hid=4101

Wehbe-Alamah, H. (2011). The use of Culture Care Theory with Syrian Muslims in the Mid-
western United States. Online Journal of Cultural Competence in Nursing and Health-
care, 1(3), 1-12. Retrieved from
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Hiba_Wehbe-Alamah/publication/256294575_The_Use_of_Culture_Care_Theory_with_Syrian_Muslims_in_the_Midwestern_United_States/file/5046352226162bd536.pdf

-Open ended questions
Full transcript