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Imperialism in Vietnam
Transcript of Imperialism in Vietnam
What does the Age of Imperialism have to do with anything? One of these many countries was Vietnam. Thus, by the mid-1800s, France began to seek conquest of Vietnam.
In 1859, after a period of war, France captured the capital of Vietnam, Saigon. Seeing that France was defeated by Nazi Germany, Japan took advantage of the situation.
Thus, in 1940, Japan conquered Vietnam. This ultimately kicked out the French. In World War II, Japan, a nearby country of Vietnam, was successfully conquering a lot of land and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. When communist China heard about France's re-takeover of Vietnam, China sent aid to the Vietnamese to help them fight the French. After the Japanese lost World War II in 1945, the French returned to re-take control of Vietnam. Well, a lot. The effects of the Age of Imperialism have yet to end. So, maybe when someone asks that question, you should say: "Well, it's too soon to say." Vietnam is a country that is located in the south eastern part of Asia. It is a thin country near countries like Cambodia, China, and Thailand. Way back during the Renaissance and the Age of Exploration in 1553, the Portuguese were the first European country to arrive in Vietnam. At this time, Vietnam was similar to China in that it had dynasties for hundreds of years. Following the Age of Exploration from the 1500s to the 1800s, other European Countries, like Britain and France, came to trade with the Vietnamese. During this time, Catholic missionaries came as well, in order to convert the people of Vietnam to Catholicism. Many were successful in converting the Vietnamese.
However, the Vietnamese ruler, a Buddhist, began to persecute the missionaries. By 1884, just in time for the Age of Imperialism, France had officially declared Vietnam a protectorate of France. France would successfully control Vietnam from 1884 until World War II.
If you know your World War II history well, you would know that in 1941 France was conquered by Adolf Hitler. And, France became occupied by Nazi Germany. During this time it is important to think about what the Vietnamese were thinking. The Vietnamese had been conquered time and time again throughout their history. Many of the Vietnamese were fed up and ready to gain their independence once and for all. As a result, a leader emerged.
His name was Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh was the leader of a group of Vietnamese, called the Vietminh, who were against the French and Japanese control over Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh supported Communism, and the U.S., as you already know, was not a fan of Communism and would do almost anything to prevent the spread of Communism.
By the end of World War II, the Vietminh, led by Ho Chi Minh, had gained control of northern Vietnam, making northern Vietnam communist. Fearing that communist North Vietnam could take control of South Vietnam or maybe even other places in southeast Asia, the U.S. sent aid and billions of dollars to the French to help them fight off China and the communist in Vietnam. In 1954, the French lost the fight with the Vietnamese.
Vietnam was now independent for the first time in hundreds of years. As Vietnam attempted to figure out what to do with itself as a new striving country, the country became divided. Communist in North Vietnam
Capitalist in South Vietnam. As this division began to grow farther apart, it eventually erupted in war.
U.S., being anti-communist after World War II and during the Cold War, decided to get involved. This conflict is known to most Americans as the Vietnam War.