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Intro to Psychology
Transcript of Intro to Psychology
LONG TERM THREE TYPES OF MEMORY MEMORY RETRIEVAL Mnemonic Devices Useful Memorization Strategy Quiz Time... What is your fondest memory? Surprised? IF THIS IS TRUE, WHY DO WE FORGET? THIS LEADS US INTO THE TOPIC OF THE Levels of Memory The ability to create new memories, store them for long periods of time and recall them when they are needed allows us to learn and interact with the world around us. The Study of Human Memory has been a subject of Science and Philosophy for thousands of years and has become a major topic of interest within cognitive psychology. Cognitive Psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with the acquisition, processing and storing of information. SENSORY MEMORY Sensory Memory is:
the earliest stage of memory
During this stage, sensory information from the environment is stored in the exact form it was received for a very brief period of time
half-second for visual information
3 or 4 seconds for auditory information.
Uses the 5 senses (sight, smell, hearing, touch, taste) Just Kidding!! This lesson is on MEMORY Short Term Memory Short term memory is most easily understood as the ability to remember information and process it at the same time - usually linked to hearing and sight. Remember our memory game? The game applies to the rule of seven - the number of things we can store in our short term memory is usually 7(+/-)2 also applies to the subconscious use of the memorization technique called CHUNKING. CHUNKING: separation of ideas or information into categories: For instance, the words: purple, pear, peach, red, raspberry, and pink These words can be separated into the categories: colors, fruits, words that begin with 'p', as well as words that begin with 'r'.
This is an example of CHUNKING. While many of the memories stored at this level are quickly forgotten, reinforcement allows them to pass to the next stage of memory: LONG TERM. Disorders that disable short term memory: Alzheimers, other forms of Dementia - as well as brain damage related symptoms. Thankfully not all families suffer from symptoms like Dory! Long Term Memory Short term memory: derived from hearing and sight
Long term memory: made up from meaning and association. Types of Long Term Memory Declarative/Explicit:
Memories that are consciously available.
Ex. Facts, Knowledge, language, going on a specific family vacation. Procedural/Motor:
Memories of body movement, emotion - unconscious actions.
Ex. driving a car, use a computer, playing video games Time for a game...
Can you sketch the tail side of a LOONIE from memory? So now you know about the different types of memory, BUT HOW EXACTLY DO WE ACCESS THESE MEMORIES?
The process is called: Four Types of Memory Retrieval: Recall: access without cues
ex. fill in the blank Recollection: reconstructing memory
ex. essay question Recognition: involves identifying information after experiencing it again.
ex. multiple choice Relearning: repetition of information
ex. studying What type of Retrieval was used to draw the Loonie? A mnemonic device is any learning technique that aids memory retention, for example:
Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge (notes on a musical staff EGBDF)
ROYGBIV for the colours of the rainbow (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet)
Never Eat Shredded Wheat (Memorizing the Cardinal Directions: North, East, South, West)
Great Lakes HOMES (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Eerie, Superior) Discussion?
Any questions? FIN. Memory refers to the storage, retention and recall of information including past experiences, knowledge and thoughts. I will develop an understanding for the basics of cognitive psychology and its importance in memory in everyday life I will select important information from the lesson to include on my organizational chart That's right: RECALL Let's wRAP things up!!!