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Taiga Biome

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shiza abdullah

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Taiga Biome

White Fir

Genus: Abies
Species: Concolor Balsam Fir
Genus: Abies
Species: Balsamea
Has 1 1/2 in long needles
Blisters of resin often
appear on old balsam fir trees
Has a shallow root system
that rarely grows
deeper than 30 inches Temperature Range: Winter: -65 - 30 degrees F
Summer: 30 - 70 degrees F
Rainfall: 12 - 33 inches/ 30 - 84 cm
Location (Latitude Range): 58 - 63 degrees north
Average Humidity: 35%
Soil PH: Podzol (type of soil) Low soil ph Black Spruce Genus: Picea
Species: Mariana

Has pine cones for animals to feed on
Has rough bark
Has layered twigs Summary (Matter and Energy) Matter is anything that takes up space, so it flows through the environment of the taiga biome with living and nonliving things. For example, some animals may live in caves in the taiga, which is solid matter. In the water cycle, matter flows through water during precipitation, and clouds during evaporation and condensation. In the nitrogen cycle, matter flows through the food web. All living things contain matter, so when animals eat others, their waste is matter. Their dead, decomposed bodies contain matter that becomes solid matter and seeps through the deep snow as part of the soil. This is similar in the carbon cycle. Energy also flows through the environment through cycles because it cannot be broken down. In the nitrogen cycle, animals receive energy from food, and nitrogen is in food. When the consumer leaves waste, the energy is combined into the soil where new plants grow. Plants also get energy from the soil, and the cycle continues with the energy in plants being consumed by animals. The equilibrium stays maintained by matter and energy each flowing through the environment, and don't stay in one place. Taiga Biome Plants and Adaptations Abiotic Factors Animalsand Adaptations Taiga Watershed This land feature is Lynx Rufus (Bobcat) Genus: Lynx Species: Rufus Adaptations (Behavioral): Can run up to 300 mph to escape from predators and catch prey. When it is catching prey, it walks in his previous footsteps, to keep quiet and startling the prey. (Physical): Has sharp teeth to chew its prey's meat Has sharp claws which grab its prey and can be pulled inside its toes to keep quiet when hunting. Its fur changes colors with the seasons, to help it blend with nature. Lepus Americanus (Snowshoe Rabbit) Genus: Lepus Species: Americanus Adaptations (Behavioral): Can swim very well to escape from predators Steal baited traps for survival Can run up to 27 mph and can run 10 feet in one hop (Physical): Toes spread to act as snow shoes Have fur at bottom of feet to keep warm Changes color to white in winter and to brown during fall seasons to camouflage. Genus: Ursus
Species: Americanus American Black Bear
(Ursus Americanus) Adaptations (Behavioral): Can run up to 25 mph to catch prey
Hibernates to stay safe during winter Physical: Has short claws to help climb trees
Has a thick coat of fur to help it stay warm during winter
Have human- like feet to help them be quick for their big bodies Physical:
Has flat, 2-3 in long leaves
Has cones
60-100 ft tall Taiga Food Chain American Black Bear
Genus: Ursus
Species: Americanus Red Fox
Genus: vulpes
Species: vulpes Red Squirrel
Genus: Sciurus
Species: Vulgaris Red Deer
Genus: Cervus
Species: elaphus Black Spruce Trees
Genus: Picea
Species: Mariana Producer 1st level Consumers Second Level Consumer Third Level Consumer Food Web Succession A catastrophic event that could
occur in the taiga biome is a blizzard.
Blizzards can be very dangerous, and could cause the trees in the taiga forest to fall over. Blizzards can be very rough and brutal, which is why they are considered a catastrophic event in the taiga. This land feature is called muskeg. Muskeg
is when trees, found in the taiga, grow with
roots that only grow about 30 inches into
the ground. The land before probably looked
plain and clean. The land feature was most likely formed because of the water coming from the waterways froze, and the trees were able to grow there since they adapt to cold climates and have a natural short-root formation.
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