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Cold War Timeline/Outline

Cold War Timeline
by

Tom Hawley

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Cold War Timeline/Outline

Cold War Timeline/Outline The Potsdam Conference (July 1945) The Leaders of the USA, UK, and the USSR meet in Potsdam, Germany. Heated argument about Soviets refusal to allow East European countries open and free elections was involved. Connection: made matters worse for communist/democratic rivalry Est. The Iron Curtain The USSR's actions of establishing communist governments in many East European countries, such as Albania, Poland, and Czechoslovakia. Connection: USA unhappy with the increase in communist governments The Truman Doctrine (March, 1947) Truman asked congress for $400,000,000 to militarily and economically support counties like Turkey and Greece after WWII. Used as a bribe to not switch to communism. Connection: possibly made less communist countries. The Marshall Plan (June, 1947) USA gives away $12.5 billion worth of aid to recovering West European countries or European countries in need of more military strength to fight communism. Connection: possibly made less communist countries. The Berlin Blockade/Airlift (1948) The USSR was holding West Berlin hostage and cut everything off from it (est. Berlin Wall) US supported isolated citizens with supplies and aid for almost a year by flying over and dropping off supplies. Connection: USA showed USSR how opposed the were (April, 1949) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a defensive military alliance with many countries involved. If a country attacks a NATO member, the other NATO members will be on their side. Connection: Showed USSR that they would be powerless if they attacked. (early 1900's) Struggle involved with the Nationalists and communists in china. Communists lead by Mao Zedong and Nationalists lead by Chiang Kai-shek. despite USA helping Nationalists, the Communists Won. Connection: This showed the communists were gaining power worldwide. (June, 1950) North Korean Communists attacks South Korean republic to gain more territory. Communist China is on the north side and USA supports the South side. war still continues today. Connection: This showed the communists were gaining power worldwide. (1949) Whittaker Chambers, a former USSR spy ratted out Alger Hiss for being one. Although the president did not believe he should go to jail, proof wronged him. Connection: increased tensions between US and USSR Ethel & Julius Rosenburg convicted espionage during a time of war and executed on June 19 1953.
Their charges were because they passed of information
about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Connection: USA showed USSR how dedicated they were to their access of information. McCarthyism (1950's) Joseph McCarthy was an extreme anti-communist who went above and beyond what he was supposed to be doing by forming a communist "witch hunt" The H-Bomb (Jan, 1950) A bomb much more powerful than the Atomic bomb. USA developed it first, but a year later, the USSR had it. Brinkmanship The willingness to go to the brink, or the edge of war. Occurred shortly after the development of the H bomb when USA and USSR were stock piling weapons. Warsaw Pact (1955) Same idea as NATO except with USSR and other East European countries under its control. Did so after becoming fearful of NATO. Suez Canal Crisis (1948-1957)UK and USA agree to help build a dam on the Nile in Egypt. Egypt leader becomes more communist and UK and USA withdraw their offer, which pisses off Egypt's leader. he takes control of the dam site even though its owned by USA and UK. UK invades Egypt which is allied with USSR, and nations go to brink of war. Luckily, a cease fire took place. Eisenhower Doctrine (Jan, 1957) USA warned the USSR that if they or any other communist country attacked the Middle East, they would defend them. Sputnik (Oct, 1957) Soviets use an ICBM to launch satellite into orbit. this marked the beginning of the space race and shocked Americans with the USSR's capability to use ICBMs. U-2 incident (May, 1960) Francis Gary Powers, a U-2 spy plane pilot was shot down over the USSR and held hostage. Flexible response Kennedy believed that the USA should still focus on non nuclear weapons and a stronger military in case of crisis Bay o' Pigs Invasion (April 1961) an unsuccessful military invasion of Cuba by the USA. The USA was trying to over run the leftist government that had taken control of Cuba. The USA used Cuban Exiles and were greatly out numbered. Berlin Wall (Aug, 1961) Barrier that ended the Berlin crisis and caused yet more cold war tensions. Implemented between East and West Berlin. Cuban Missile Crisis (Oct, 1962) was a 13-day Brinkmanship between the USSR and Cuba on one side, and the United States on the other side. The USA had found out by spying that the USSR was putting missiles on Cuban soil and was a major threat to us. USSR agreed to remove missiles eventually. The Hot Line (april, 1963) A hook up that enabled the white house and Khrushchev to communicate immediately in case a crisis arises. set up to ease tensions of the cold war. The Limited Test Ban Treaty (1963) A treaty that the USA and the USSR agreed on that barred nuclear testing from the atmosphere. Space Race to the Moon Race between The USA and The USSR to further advance in Aeronautics and space exploration. it started with the sputnik, then the vostok on the USSR's side, and then the Telstar and the Apollo missions on the USA's part. Domino Theory Eisenhower's analogy that all the countries at the brink of communism is like a row of dominoes, waiting to fall one after the other. Tonkin Gulf Resolution (Aug, 1964) Beginning of the Vietnam war. Approved bombing strikes on North Vietnam after Vietnamese patrol ships torpedoed the USS Maddox Policy of Detente (1972) Policy aimed at easing cold war tensions, especially between the USA and China. the USA showed their support of realistic politics, or "realpolitik" and came up with more flexible approaches to dealing with communist nations. Nixon's Trip to China (1972) The president announced he would be visiting China "to seek the normalizations of relations between the two countries and to exchange views on questions of concern to both sides" SALT I Treaty (1972) Strategic Arms Limitation Talks was a 5 year agreement between the USA and the USSR that limited the number of ICBMs and sub launched missiles. Was popular with the US public and won Nixon's second term in office. SALT II- Invasion of Afghanistan (June, 1979) The second SALT treaty was an attempt of negotiations between US and USSR because of USSR's infringements on human rights. The second round of SALT didn't reduce armaments, but brought limits on strategic arms. shortly after, the USSR invaded Afghanistan and as a result of USSR noncooperation, the treaty died. Glasnost/Perestrokia (Late 1980's) Glasnost is the openness in discussing social problems and perestrokia is economic and bureaucratic restructuring. the new age of USSR leaders had these characteristics and helped lower and eliminate USA/USSR tensions Fall of the Berlin Wall (Nov. 1989) East Germany opens the Berlin wall allowing free passage between both parts of the city. Both german nations became one again. Feb 1992 Meeting between Bush & Yeltsin (Feb 1992) USA president George H W Bush and Russian president Boris Yeltsin issued a formal statement to end the cold war and start over with friendship and partnership. Tom Hawley Period 5 Formation of NATO Chinese Civil War Korean War HUAC/The Hollywood 10 Alger Hiss HUAC (or House Committee on Un-American Activities) Arrested Hollywood film makers because of comments about communism in September, 1947. Connection: Showed how crazy USA was about controlling the spread of communism
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