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Scientific Revolution AP Euro

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jR .

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Scientific Revolution AP Euro

Scientific Revolution
Old Scientific Theories of the 1500s
Leonardo Da Vinci
Anatomy
Forward Thinking
Ptolemy
Ptolemaic System
Aristotle
Geocentric Theory
New Science's Impact on Society
Medical Achievements
Paracelsus
Use of chemicals in minerals to combat disease
Andre Vesalius
Assembled first human skeleton
William Harvey
Discovery of blood circulation
Edward Jenner
Small pox vaccination
Chemistry
Boyle
Boyle's Law: Pressure of gases
Joseph Priestly
Discovered oxygen
Lavoisier
Father of modern chemistry; quantitative
Origins of the
Scientific Revolution
Collegiate Studies
New areas of study
Physics (Natural Philosophy)
Math
Astronomy

Renaissance
Ancient documents translated into vernacular
Realism
Printing Press
Patrons

New Instruments
Telescope
Thermometer
Barometer
Pendulum
Clock
Microscope
Air Pump
New Theories:
Heliocentrism and Gravity
1564
1571
1646
1642
1546
1473
Kepler
Brahe's Assistant
Brilliant Mathematician - unlike Brahe
Demonstrated planets don't move at uniform speed in orbits
Planets revolve proportionally to distance from sun
Made first astronomical model: portrayed actual motion of elliptical orbits
Galileo
Pioneered experimental method approach
Created Law of Inertia
1609 - Telescope
Observed actual qualities of moon, sun, stars, & planets
Tower of Pisa experiment
Newton
Laws of Motion
Brought Galileo and Kepler ideas together
Invented calculus
"Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"
"Principles of Mathematics"
Universal Laws of Gravitation
Empiricism - Inductive Reasoning
Leibniz
Invented calculus at same time as Newton
His version is used today but it is simpler than Newton's
Leibniz wheel
Copernicus
Wrote: "On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres"
Copernican Hypothesis (Heliocentric Theory)
Work published year of death
Brahe
Some planets revolve around the sun, but the sun revolves around the earth
Sophisticated observatory
Wrote: "Rudolfine Tables"
Halley
Astronomer
Halley's Comet
Improved method of determining the elements of planetary orbits
Nature as a Mechanism
Popularity of revolution sparked mechanical thinking
Everything is mathematically quantifiable
Francis Bacon:
The Empirical Method
"Great Renewal": New start to science and civilization
Inductive Method
True knowledge = Useful knowledge
Scientific Method
Rene Descartes:
Rational Deduction
Coordinate geometry
"Discourse on Method"
Cartesian dualism
"I think, therefore I am."
Deductive Method
Blaise Pascal
Mechanical calculator
Pascal's Law: Basis for Modern Hydraulics
1Pa = 1N/m2 = 1kg/ms2
Theory of Probabilities
Change In Science
Women in the Scientific Revolution
Traditional place in society: same as before except for rulers and Graaf's publication
Margaret Cavendish: married to the Duke of Newcastle; naturalism and Royal Society of London
Maria Cunitz: anatomy book
Johannes and Elisabetha Hevelius: lunar topography
Maria Winkelmann and Gottfried Kirch: comet and calendars and almanacs used for navigation
Impact on Religion
Took away from importance
Concepts applied to religion
Questioning of everything
Witchcraft executions decreased due to new evidence requirements
Advances in Technology
Fahrenheit
Proposed temperature scale
Celsius
Temperature scale 0 and 100
Von Leeuwenhoek
Father of microbiology
Linnaeus
Binomial nomenclature
Huyghens
Light wave theory
Torricelli
Barometer
1656
Institutions of Sharing
Royal Society of London
Royal Academy of Sciences in France
Russian Academy of Sciences
How did the scientific theories before the 16th century affect the progress of new scientific thought?
What were the key factors of the start of the scientific revolution and what influenced new theories?
How was Francis Bacon influential in changing science even though he did not make scientific discoveries?
Why did it take so long for
these new theories to be
accepted?
Did the scientific Revolution have a large impact on society as a whole? Why or why not?
The End
Full transcript