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Scientific Revolution AP Euro
Transcript of Scientific Revolution AP Euro
Old Scientific Theories of the 1500s
Leonardo Da Vinci
New Science's Impact on Society
Use of chemicals in minerals to combat disease
Assembled first human skeleton
Discovery of blood circulation
Small pox vaccination
Boyle's Law: Pressure of gases
Father of modern chemistry; quantitative
Origins of the
New areas of study
Physics (Natural Philosophy)
Ancient documents translated into vernacular
Heliocentrism and Gravity
Brilliant Mathematician - unlike Brahe
Demonstrated planets don't move at uniform speed in orbits
Planets revolve proportionally to distance from sun
Made first astronomical model: portrayed actual motion of elliptical orbits
Pioneered experimental method approach
Created Law of Inertia
1609 - Telescope
Observed actual qualities of moon, sun, stars, & planets
Tower of Pisa experiment
Laws of Motion
Brought Galileo and Kepler ideas together
"Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"
"Principles of Mathematics"
Universal Laws of Gravitation
Empiricism - Inductive Reasoning
Invented calculus at same time as Newton
His version is used today but it is simpler than Newton's
Wrote: "On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres"
Copernican Hypothesis (Heliocentric Theory)
Work published year of death
Some planets revolve around the sun, but the sun revolves around the earth
Wrote: "Rudolfine Tables"
Improved method of determining the elements of planetary orbits
Nature as a Mechanism
Popularity of revolution sparked mechanical thinking
Everything is mathematically quantifiable
The Empirical Method
"Great Renewal": New start to science and civilization
True knowledge = Useful knowledge
"Discourse on Method"
"I think, therefore I am."
Pascal's Law: Basis for Modern Hydraulics
1Pa = 1N/m2 = 1kg/ms2
Theory of Probabilities
Change In Science
Women in the Scientific Revolution
Traditional place in society: same as before except for rulers and Graaf's publication
Margaret Cavendish: married to the Duke of Newcastle; naturalism and Royal Society of London
Maria Cunitz: anatomy book
Johannes and Elisabetha Hevelius: lunar topography
Maria Winkelmann and Gottfried Kirch: comet and calendars and almanacs used for navigation
Impact on Religion
Took away from importance
Concepts applied to religion
Questioning of everything
Witchcraft executions decreased due to new evidence requirements
Advances in Technology
Proposed temperature scale
Temperature scale 0 and 100
Father of microbiology
Light wave theory
Institutions of Sharing
Royal Society of London
Royal Academy of Sciences in France
Russian Academy of Sciences
How did the scientific theories before the 16th century affect the progress of new scientific thought?
What were the key factors of the start of the scientific revolution and what influenced new theories?
How was Francis Bacon influential in changing science even though he did not make scientific discoveries?
Why did it take so long for
these new theories to be
Did the scientific Revolution have a large impact on society as a whole? Why or why not?