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Transcript of Andrew Jackson
- Henry Clay's idea for improving the country
1. High tariffs to protect American industry
2. Preservation of the National Bank
3. Build up infrastructure (roads & canals)
ex: Cumberland Road
Election of 1824
• Andrew Jackson (Democrat), John Quincy Adams (Democratic-Republican) and Henry Clay (Democratic Republican) run for president
• Andrew Jackson wins the popular vote, but not a majority of the electoral vote
• House of Representatives votes for Adams to become President (supported by Clay)
• Adams appoints Clay Secretary of State
• Jackson’s followers accuse Clay and Adams of a “Corrupt Bargain”
Rise of the Common Man: Jackson’s election symbolized a new age where even the “common man” had a say. Most states eliminated property qualifications for voting (still only white males)
Spoils System: The practice of giving government jobs to friends/supporters
Jackson was not the first to do this, but is known for it
Kitchen Cabinet: Due to disputes within his cabinet, especially Calhoun and Van Buren, Jackson created the "Kitchen Cabinet" which was another group of advisors to help him with difficult issues
Trail of Tears
Indian Policy: Jackson would not enforce the ruling in Worchester v. Georgia (1832) "With what army will they enforce it?" He forcibly removed Native Americans from their land (Trail of Tears)
South Carolina Nullification Crisis (1832)
A tariff had been established to protect business after the War of 1812- was raised several times.
The high tariff was hard on the South- forced them to buy expensive northern goods and hurt the sale of cotton.
Jackson’s VP, John C. Calhoun called it the “Tariff of Abominations”.
Robert Hayne and Daniel Webster debated the tariff in Congress (Webster-Hayne Debates).
In 1832 South Carolina declares the tariff null and void and threatens to secede.
Henry Clay creates a compromise to avoid secession. Would be a cause of the Civil War.
War of the Bank of the United States:
Jackson opposed the national bank- vetoes the re-charter of the bank and establishes “Pet Banks” (local banks with power).
Some people leave Democratic party to create the Whig Party (Whigs are against Jackson and support the American System)
Jackson's opposition to the bank especially hurts Northern Bankers
Main members of the Whig Party
Election of 1836: Martin Van Buren becomes President (supported by Jackson) but the Panic of 1837 hurts Americans and many blame Van Buren
Election of 1840: William Henry Harrison (Whig) defeats Van Buren. Harrison dies one month after taking office. VP, John Tyler becomes President- “His Accidency”
Hero or Villain?
- Andrew Jackson Guided Notes
- I can assess Jackson's Presidency
Era of Good Feelings = Period following the War of 1812, Democratic-Republicans in power
Sectionalism: Loyalty to one region. US had 3 sections: North, South, West
Add the following to your binder table of contents:
Page 57: John Quincy Adams
Page 58: Andrew Jackson
In your notebook, answer the following question:
How do you think Latin Americans felt about the Monroe Doctrine in the early 1800s? Explain why.
Jackson: Hero or Villian?
In your notebook answer the following question:
Was Andrew Jackson ultimately good or bad for the growth and development of the United States? Give at least 2 reasons to support your answer.
John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)
Foreign Policy Quote
But she goes not abroad in search of monsters to destroy. She is the well-wisher to the freedom and independence of all. She is the champion and vindicator of her own.
How does this compare with Washington's message? Why do you say that?
Multiple choice was much better.
- Must be sure to answer the Q
- Give context (background info)
- Deep analysis to 4 docs
- Outside knowledge