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ENGLISH GRAMMAR - TENSES
Transcript of ENGLISH GRAMMAR - TENSES
for actions happening now
for temporary actions
I'm living in Barcelona this year
We use Present Simple for permanent or habitual actions (habits and routines)
I go to school everyday
Something that is always or usually true
Cows eat grass
The Earth goes round the Sun.
TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE
at the moment
The day after tomorrow
In a week, in a month
REGULAR VERBS & IRREGULAR VERBS
In this century we'll use up some important minerals here on Earth
We'll look for these minerals on other planets
We will probably build space stations on the Moon and Mars.
I think we'll travel from the Moon to Mars
I don't think I'll get married
Lucy hopes she will live in a big city
I will ...
I think (that)
I don't think (that)
I hope (that)
Last week, last year, last Monday...
Two days ago, a year ago
The day before yesterday
to a lake near the town
to the town as fast as possible
TO BE GOING TO
PLANS AND INTENTIONS
PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS for
FIXED PLANS OR ARRANGEMENTS
to France this evening
the bus to the beach later.
m going to watch
m going to fly
to France in summer.
- It's very hot in this class. We need to open the window.
SUBJECT + AM/IS/ARE + V(ING)
We are flying to London this weekend
SUBJECT + AM/IS/ARE + NOT+ V(ING)
We aren't flying to London this weekend
AM/IS/ARE + SUBJECT+ V(ING)?
Are you flying to London this weekend?
SUBJECT + WILL + V
We will buy a new car
SUBJECT + WILL + NOT+ V
We won't buy a new car
WILL + SUBJECT+ V?
Will you buy a new car?
- Oh, there isn't enough milk for breakfast.
- Don't worry. I'
to the shop and
SUBJECT + TO BE + GOING TO + V
We are going to buy a new car
SUBJECT + TO BE + NOT + GOING TO + V
We aren't going to buy a new car
TO BE + SUBJECT + GOING TO + V?
Are you going to buy a new car?
I always go...
I don't often go...
Do you often go...?
I am always...
Are you always...?
You aren't always...
to be + V+ -ing
SUBJECT +(Regular)Infinitive + -ed
SUBJECT +(Irregular)List of irregular verbs
a Manchester United shirt
SUBJECT +Didn't + infinitive
the electricity bill.
Did +SUBJECT + infinitive?
TALKING ABOUT THE PAST
SUBJECT +was/were + -ing
SUBJECT +wasn't/weren't + -ing
+SUBJECT + ing?
Yes, we were
No, we weren't
Yes, he was.
No, he wasn't
Talk about actions that were happening
at and around a time
in the past
The sun was shining yesterday at noon
Set the scene in a story
The sun was shining and the birds were singing.
Talk about actions that
in the past
Anna with her homework
USES AND EXAMPLES