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ENGLISH GRAMMAR - TENSES

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by

Maika Goya

on 13 December 2017

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Transcript of ENGLISH GRAMMAR - TENSES

HAVE GOT
TO BE
ENGLISH TENSES
TO BE
HAVE GOT
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PRESENT SIMPLE
PAST SIMPLE
FUTURE- WILL
PAST CONTINUOUS
PRESENT PERFECT

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
for actions happening now
I'm writing
for temporary actions
I'm living in Barcelona this year
PRESENT SIMPLE
We use Present Simple for permanent or habitual actions (habits and routines)
I go to school everyday
Something that is always or usually true
Cows eat grass
The Earth goes round the Sun.
TO BE
PAST SIMPLE
TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE
now
at the moment
this morning
Look!
Tomorrow
Next week/month/year
The day after tomorrow
Tonight
On Monday
In a week, in a month
REGULAR VERBS & IRREGULAR VERBS
WILL for
SPOT DECISIONS
In this century we'll use up some important minerals here on Earth
.
We'll look for these minerals on other planets
We will probably build space stations on the Moon and Mars.
I think we'll travel from the Moon to Mars
I don't think I'll get married
WILL for
PREDICTIONS
Lucy hopes she will live in a big city
I'll ...
I will ...
I think (that)
I don't think (that)
I hope (that)
I'll probably...
All right.
I won't....
OK. I'll...
Don't worry
Yes, please.
Good idea
Yesterday
Last week, last year, last Monday...
Two days ago, a year ago
Then
The day before yesterday
PAST CONTINUOUS
I
was crossing
the dam
I
saw
a crack
I
was cycling
to a lake near the town
The sun
was shining
When I
saw
it, I
turned

out
and I
cycled

back
to the town as fast as possible
PRESENT PERFECT
for
since
ever
never
just
always
WILL for
OFFERS
TO BE GOING TO
WILL
GOING TO for
PLANS AND INTENTIONS
PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS for
FIXED PLANS OR ARRANGEMENTS
We'
re flying
to France this evening
I'
m taking
the bus to the beach later.
I'
m going to watch
TV tonight.
I'
m going to fly
to France in summer.
- It's very hot in this class. We need to open the window.

- I'
ll do
it!
SUBJECT + AM/IS/ARE + V(ING)
We are flying to London this weekend

SUBJECT + AM/IS/ARE + NOT+ V(ING)
We aren't flying to London this weekend


AM/IS/ARE + SUBJECT+ V(ING)?
Are you flying to London this weekend?
SUBJECT + WILL + V
We will buy a new car

SUBJECT + WILL + NOT+ V
We won't buy a new car


WILL + SUBJECT+ V?
Will you buy a new car?
- Oh, there isn't enough milk for breakfast.

- Don't worry. I'
ll go
to the shop and
buy
some
!
SUBJECT + TO BE + GOING TO + V
We are going to buy a new car

SUBJECT + TO BE + NOT + GOING TO + V
We aren't going to buy a new car


TO BE + SUBJECT + GOING TO + V?
Are you going to buy a new car?
FORMS
USE
everyday
on Sundays
every Saturday
keywords
100%
0%
never
rarely
always
usually

often

sometimes
I always go...
I don't often go...
Do you often go...?
I am always...
Are you always...?
You aren't always...

USES
FORMS
to be + V+ -ing
SUBJECT +(Regular)Infinitive + -ed
SUBJECT +(Irregular)List of irregular verbs

I
helped
my brother
I
bought
a Manchester United shirt




AFFIRMATIVE
SUBJECT +Didn't + infinitive

I
didn't tidy
my room.
I
didn't pay
the electricity bill.
Did +SUBJECT + infinitive?

Did
you
tidy
your room?
Did
you
pay
the bill?
NEGATIVE
QUESTIONS
FORMS
FORMS
SITUATIONS
TALKING ABOUT THE PAST
TALKING ABOUT
THE PRESENT

SUBJECT +was/were + -ing

She
was
mov
ing
They
were
watch
ing
TV



AFFIRMATIVE
SUBJECT +wasn't/ + infinitive

I
didn't tidy
my room.
I
didn't pay
the electricity bill.
Did +SUBJECT + infinitive?

Did
you
tidy
your room?
Did
you
pay
the bill?
FORMS
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