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The Battle of Gettysburg

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shane andersen

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of The Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The Civil War started in 1861.
The war started because of many reasons.
For many years, the south used slaves as unpaid workers to do their work.
By the 1820s, many Northerners wanted to abolish and terminate all slavery.
There had always been tensions between the north and the south, but why?
When Lincoln was elected in 1860, many southern states seceded from the Union because Lincoln wanted to stop the spread of slavery. The south wanted their rights and called themselves the Confederates.
The civil war began when the Confederates fired on Fort Sumter.
One of the most famous battles was the battle of Gettysburg.
The battle of Gettysburg was not the last or the first, but it was the bloodiest.
About 15,000 soldiers died and there were 17 miles of wagons filled with dead people going back to their homes.
It was a really important battle because it was the turning point of the civil war. Ever since the beginning of the war, the south was winning, but in the battle of Gettysburg, the Union won.
After Gettysburg, the Confederates weren't sure if they were still unbeatable.
The north gained pride and confidence.
Union Perspective of Gettysburg

After the discovery of the Confederate infantry on June 30, Gettysburg was occupied by Brigadier John Buford's division of Federal cavalry, the Confederates on July 1 sent the divisions of Major General Heth and Major General William Pender of Hill's Corps, down Chambersburg Road to drive Buford away and controlled Gettysburg.
Day 1
Union Perspective of Gettysburg
Confederate Perspective of Gettysburg
Most of the battles took place in the south, but why?
The Confederates' battle strategy was to defend their land until the Union became tired and gave up.
But Lee had great confidence after his past victories and suddenly had a new and great idea..
All the previous battles have been fought in the South and Lee wanted to whip the Union on their own land.
He sent troops into the quiet town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
By starting a battle in Pennsylvania, Lee would lure away some Union troops fighting in the south, thus decreasing the size of the Union army fighting in the south.
Lee knew that this would increase the rebels' chances of winning.
Why the battle took place in Gettysburg
Mikayla , Katerina , Shane
Day 1
The battle began at 5:30 a.m., when shots were exchanged over Marsh Creek. In the face of Buford's resistance, Heth pushed on cautiously until he reached a point about two miles west of Gettysburg. Here he deployed two brigades in line, and pressed ahead; it was nearly 10 a.m. Federal General John F. Reynolds, commanding 1 Corps and Major General Oliver O. Howard's XI Corps to march to Gettysburg. Soon after 10:30 a.m., 1 Corps arrived and engaged Heth along McPherson's Ridge
Day 1
By 11:30 a.m., Heth had bee defeated and forced to withdraw to Herr Ridge. Early in the action, Reynolds was killed, and field command devolved upon Howard. A lull now settled over the field as both sides brought up reinforcements. The Federal I Corps deployed to defend the western approaches to Gettysburg, while XI Corps formed up north of town. Buford's cavalry covered the flanks. Howard left one division in reserve on Cemetery Hill. Delay the Confederates long enough to enable the rest of the Federal army to concentrate.
The South wanted their rights, so they seceded from the Union.
After the battle, the Confederates' confidence of the war decreased and felt like their army was not unbeatable.
After 2 years of losing their victories, the north gained power and the south would soon surrender many years later.
The Union believed that they would win and their beliefs were correct.
Casualties
There were a total of 7,058 deaths. 3,155 Union, 3,903 Confederate. There was also a total of 33,264 wounded. 14,529 Union, 18,735 Confederate. There was a total of 10,970 reported missing. 5,365 Union, 5,425 Confederate. There were 17 miles of the Confederate wagon train filled with dead or injured people.
Day 2
check for understanding
1. What time did the battle start?
A. 4:30
B. 12:30
C. 7:42
D. 5:30
answer
D : 5:30
On July 2, 1863 on the second day of the battle of Gettysburg, Confederate commander Robert E. Lee ordered General James Longstreet to attack the federal left flank. At the same time, General A.P. Hill’s army was threatening the Union center, the goal of their threats was to prevent General George Gordon Meade from reinforcing the Union left.

Day 2
If Meade's plan were to succeed the Union would be left helpless. During the battle, General Anderson’s five brigades advanced mile by mile to get positioned into the main confederate line. Anderson recorded that half of his men were dressed in ragged torn up clothes and fought shoeless. by 9 a.m. that morning all of the soldiers were already roasting in the sun. An hour later general Winfield Scott Hancock’s corps arrived on the battlefield.




Day 3
Day 3
Outcome of Geography
The Union were able to get a hold on the high ground allowing them to shoot the enemies easily. The enemies made ground and won the first day of battle, but on the second day when they tried to defeat the the Union Army on Little Round top and almost won but basically lost that day because general pickett ordered them to charge down hill with Bayonets. The next day, General Robert E Lee of the Confederate Army knowing that they would be guarded largely on the flanks. lee ordered his men to charge for the middle of the Union Army, this would be known as Pickett's charge and resulted in more than half of his men dying and the confederates losing in the battle.

Check for Understanding
2. What famous general led the charge down the mountain that led to the confederate failure?

A. George Pickett
B. The Mexicans
C. John Shipezz
D. George Meade
Answer
A : George Pickett
Check for Understanding

Why did the battle take place in Gettysburg?

A. All the previous battles have been fought in the South and Lee wanted to whip the Union on their own land.
B. To spend some quality time with Abraham Lincoln.
C. To learn some colonizing strategies from Michael McMurtrey.
D. To retreat from the Union Army.
Answer
A :
All the previous battles have been fought in the South and Lee wanted to whip the Union on their own land.
The Confederates wanted to do a surprise attack on the Union Army, however, the Union fired their weapons at 4:30 a.m. on Culp's Hill. The Confederates wanted to capture Culp's Hill, but kept failing. Besides the hill, Lee had another plan that consisted of two parts. One part is a large infantry with 15000 men attacking the center of the Union line. The other part was to have General Jeb Stuart's cavalry catch the back of the Union army.
Stuart was one of Lee's most trusted men, but he made a huge mistake that led to the failure of Gettysburg for the Confederates. Near the end of June, Lee gave Stuart orders to scout for any Union troops in Gettysburg, but Lee never reported back. Right after he was given orders, he discovered a Union wagon filled with supplies and weapons that the rebels desperately needed. Instead of doing his job, he tried capturing the Union wagon. This slowed down Stuart so much that Meade's troops moved into Pennsylvania without Lee knowing. By the time Stuart came back, the battle had already started. Lee was furious with Stuart.
Day 3
Meanwhile, Confederate General James Longstreet kept trying to persuade Lee to abandon Lee's choice of attack on the center of the Union line. Longstreet knew that the Union line was too strong, however Lee refused to listen. Afterward, General George Picket and his 5400 Confederate soldiers arrived at Gettysburg and were the last to arrive.
Impact of technology
New weapons made this civil war more deadly than previous wars . They also loaded much faster, had greater range,and played an important role as they were gaining up control on the Mississippi river . There were thousands of soldiers that died on both sides and were slaughtered by following the orders across the open field against these deadly new weapons.
Day 3
Lee placed Pickett's men into parts with two other divisions. He had 160 cannons facing towards the Union line waiting to fire, which he planned that it would create heavy losses for the Union army. At one o'clock the cannons fired all at once and it was so loud that the noise was heard from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. On the Union side General Henry Hunt ordered his men to hold their fire to fool the Confederates that the Union cannons had been knocked out; this trick worked. A Confederate artillery officer sent a letter to George Pickett asking for help.
The Impact on the Union and the Confederacy Soldiers
Day 3
Pickett decided to advance his troops, so he asked Longstreet for permission. However, Longstreet did not answer and Pickett took his silence as a yes. This misunderstanding led to failure. The 12,500 began to advance three quarters of a mile to reach the Union lines. Union General Winfield Scott Hancock waited until the Confederates were close enough to fire and then suddenly the Union shots were fired. Thousands of Confederates died. This is known as Pickett's Charge. That day they lost almost a thousand men. The Union won the battle of Gettysburg.
Impact on towns,transportation centers, and businesses
Thousands of bodies of dead Union and Confederate soldiers were buried in the town of Gettysburg. After the battle, the town created a cemetery dedicated to those who died in the battle. The cemetery takes up most of the town. Most supplies of the people were gone by the end of the battle. Both Confederate and Union soldiers forced citizens to sell them whatever supplies they needed, especially food.
The effect of the Civil War on the Union and Confederate
soldiers was very powerful.
Union Soldiers:
-51,000 Union Soldiers died in the battle of Gettysburg.
-The soldiers families were torn apart.
-They were treated as equals in the society.
-The Union was victorious in the battle
Confederate Soldier:
-23,000 Confederate Soldiers died in the battle.
-Most of there homes were destroyed and their family members were killed or wounded.
-The Confederates were not victorious in The Battle of Gettysburg.
Impact on the commanding Officers Careers
Many Generals died in the battle or were injured. Some who died were Union General John Reynolds who died on the first day and Confederate General Lewis Armistead. After the war, Lee was upset about the Confederate's lost of the Civil War. Pickett blamed himself for the defeat of his famous charge and Union General Dan Sickles was severely injured. Sickles's leg was shattered.
And here's the breaking news of
42 American News.
Credits
- A special thanks to Costco in Chino for idea pizza!
-A not very thanks to Red Robin for giving Katerina the worst stomach ache ever;(!
-Thank You to Sneezy the Security Guard for allowing us to film at Prado Park!
-A special shout out to Robby Dawson.
-A VERY SPECIAL THANKS TO THE PARENTS.
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