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Federalist No. 39

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Thao Nguyen

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of Federalist No. 39

What exactly is federal vs. national?
Federalist No. 39
Tahlor Mills, Steven Ngo, Korbett O'Banion, Thao Nguyen
FEDERALIST


PEOPLE
ESSAYS

GOVERNMENT

2. Representatives are the admins of the government
Federalist No. 39
(January 16, 1788)

Big Question:
Should the form of government be strictly republican?


1. Power to govern must be consented by the people.
Works Cited

Madison, James. "The Federalist No. 39." The Federalist #39.
Constitution Society, 18 Oct. 1998. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.

Madison, James. "The Federalist No. 39." The Federalist #39.
Gradesaver LLC, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.

Mellon, Donald. "Federalist Papers Summary No. 39." Federalist Papers
Summary No. 39. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.

Alder, Gary. "A Paraphrase of Federalist No. 39." Freedom Formula.
N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.
The Framers believed in having a republican government because it meshed well with the ingenuity of the American people.
James Madison, however, was not exactly sure what a republic consisted of.
A republic, by definition, has to do with a form of government in which its power comes from the people and elected people from office.
Controversy over this type of government spread as the states felt they were not given enough power.
Ultimately, this essay goes on to explain how Madison and others created a free government where the majority of people were satisfied as national and federal government saw a balance of powers.
What makes up a "republic?"
James Madison
1751-1836
When comparing the Constitution with the idea of the Republican Party being the only party for our government, the idea fits.

The House of Representatives, Senate, Judges, and the President are all appointed by the people and their terms equally served.

These are all “equally comfortable to the republican standard."
A republican form of government is one which derives its powers either directly or indirectly from the people and is administered by persons who hold public office for a limited period of time or during good behavior.
Supporters of a federal government simply see the government as a union of multiple sovereign states; a national government is a total consolidation of the states.
This "mixed character" of the government is a compromise between those who are split between the two kinds of government.
The foundation of the Constitution, for example, is a federal act, as it requires the unanimous decision of all the separate, sovereign states.
The Senate is one part of Congress.
Two people are elected per state, and as such, it is a federal aspect, seeing the states as their own entity.

The House is the other part; it is represented by the population of the United States, and as such it is a national aspect.

The President is elected via a special group that is consisted of the sum of the House and Senate, making it a federal and national aspect.

Thus, there are at least "as many federal aspects as there are national aspects."
As the government is run by individuals from the population of the entire United States, we find that the operation of the government is a national aspect, instead of federal, in which case the operation of government would be run by the confederacy of the states.

However, the extent of those powers is completely federal. The "national" government has power only for certain designated things; each state has their own federal government that controls everything else.

Finally, the power to make future changes to the Constitution takes on both aspects, as while it counts the states as votes, a federal aspect, it requires only a certain majority of them, a national aspect.
3. Service by these representatives is restricted by time, good behavior, or by the favor of the people, as in impeachment.
No government can be called republican that derives its power from a few people.
Mix of powers: Federal and National
The consent of the people can be given either directly or indirectly.
The people directly elect the House of Representatives.
The people indirectly select the senators and the president.
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