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Commas

Grammer Module
by

Jared Tacey

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Commas

Commas 1. Setting off introductory elements
2. Separating clauses in compound sentences
3. Separating items in a series
4. Setting off contrasting elements, interjections, direct address, and tag questions
5. Setting off parts of dates and addresses
6. Setting off quotations
7. Setting off nonrestrictive elements When do we use commas? We use commas after phrase, clause, or words that follows after the subject of the sentence. Setting Off Introductory Elements Separating Clauses in
Compound Sentences Let's eat Anthony!

- This is WRONG! We are not eating Anthony! A comma would make sense.

Let's eat, Anthony!

- This is CORRECT! We are telling Anthony to eat instead of eating him! Remember, correct punctuations can save a person's life! Commas are use to join two independent clauses in a compound sentence using a coordinating conjunction using the following,
1. For
2. And
3. Nor
4. But
5.Or
6.Yet " We left the house early, but we were still late for the game."

- If the two compound sentences are alike, you don't use a comma.

"He threw the book at my head, so I punched him." Separating Items in a Series Use commas to separate items in a series or grammatical elements with parallel
structure. "My mom went to the store and bought milk and bread and eggs and cereal and apples and ice cream and hot dogs."

-This is WRONG! The sentence drags on, and we don't want to finish reading it! We replace the "and" with a comma except the first and last one!

"My mom went to the store and bought milk, bread, eggs, cereal, apples, ice cream, and hot dogs."

- Reads more smoothly, doesn't it? Setting off contrasting elements, interjections, direct address, and tag questions Setting off Parts of Dates and Addresses For dates, we use a comma between the day and the month, between the day and the year, and the year and the rest of the sentence. "On Monday, August 22, 2012, classes started for YSU students."

"On Sunday, December 16, 2012, is the last day of fall classes for YSU students."

- Hang in there! We're almost there! For addresses, we use a comma after each part of an address or a place name. "I live in Cleveland, Ohio, but Youngstown, Ohio, is my hometown."

"Mail this package to 406 State Street, Salem, Ohio 44460." Setting Off
Quotations We use commas to introduce the quotations or to identify the source of the quotations. Michael asked Sophia ,"Do you want to go the dance with me?"

"NO!" Sophia screamed, "Never!"

- Someone got rejected! Created by: Jared Tacey and Chris Holmes Sources:
"Easy Writer
Fourth Edition"
Andrea A. Lunsford "Well done, steak."

- This is WRONG! We aren't congratulating a steak! No comma is necessary!

"Well done steak."

- Makes more sense right? "She enjoys cooking cats, painting, reading and gardening."

- Watch for mistakes! Let's hope she doesn't enjoy cooking cats! "Son, I asked you, not your dog."

"Wow, that was insane!"

"The law didn't pass, did it?" Haha..get it?
Full transcript