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Transcript of Haiti Earthquake
Ilana Mael Scientists in 2007 predicted that the plate was nearing the end of a cycle which could culminate in a 7.2 Mw earthquake, similar to that in Jamaica in 1962 which caused tremendous damage. It was clear to scientists that stress was building up on the plate boundaries, but it was unclear as to when the earthquake was going to happen. On January 12, 2010 the stress was released and a 7.2 magnitude earthquake rocked Haiti. The earthquake was very shallow, so the shaking effect was more evident. The U.S. Geological Survey estimate 3.5 million people were in the path of the hurricane and its aftershocks. http://www.travelinghaiti.com/haiti-earthquake-maps.asp http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2092425/Haiti-earthquake-How-donated-billions-INCREASED-poverty-corruption.html 220,000 people estimated to have died 300,000+ people were injured 1.5m people became homeless After the quake there were 19 million cubic meters of rubble and debris in Port au Prince – enough to fill a line of shipping containers stretching end to end from London to Beirut. 4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed At its peak, one and a half million people were living in camps including over 100,000 at critical risk from storms and flooding Why was the damage
so great? http://www.cafemom.com/group/416/forums/read/15277816/Norway_prisons_VS_homes_in_Haiti_pics_Sad Haiti was 145th of 169 countries in the UN Human Development Index, which is the lowest in the Western Hemisphere More than 70% of people in Haiti were living on less than $US2 per day
86% of people in Port au Prince were living in slum conditions - mostly tightly-packed, poorly-built, concrete buildings. The 2010 earthquake was caused by rapture in the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault which had been still for 250 years and was gathering stress the entire time. This earthquake did not release all of the stress that had been building up in the plate boundaries. Many believe that this transform boundary is in the process of breaking off from the Caribbean Plate and merging with the North American Plate. U.S. and the World Responds Obama told heads of US agencies to begin work on a response to the earthquake. On January 14- The US Agency for International development (USAID) announced $100 million in humanitarian assistance. The Department of Homeland Security granted temporary protected status for 18 months to all Haitians that were in the US As of January 12. They also stopped the deportation of Haitians. The US, the UK, Israel, Dominican Republic, Canada, Brazil, Italy, Cuba offered aid. USAID provided emergency food, helped orphanages in need. The US sent planes of medicine and supplies in cooperation with the US military brought tons of food and water. 1,760 American citizens were airlifted out of Haiti The Red Cross helped provide homes along with other supplies to those in need. Hospitals in the Dominican Republic were made available to people effected by the earthquake. Canada donated around $50 million in supplies and personnel. Celebrity Response George Clooney, Don Cheadle, Matt Damon, Brad Pitt David Pressman and Jerry Weintraub made an organization called Not on Our Watch which donated $1 million to the relief effort. The mission of Not on Our Watch is to bring "lifesaving humanitarian assistance and protection for the vulnerable, marginalized, and displaced." With the help of Haitian musician Wyclef Jean, George Clooney hosted a telethon to raise money for the victims of the earthquake. Performances included Madonna, Bruce Springsteen, Bono, Coldplay, Rihanna, Sting, Stevie Wonder and Sheryl Crow, and speeches were given from former US president Bill Clinton, Leonardo DiCaprio, Brad Pitt, Nicole Kidman and Samuel L. Jackson. Celebrities answering phones at the event included Stephen Spielberg, Tom Cruise, Morgan Freeman, Julia Roberts, Mel Gibson, Reese Witherspoon and Penelope Cruz. The event rose over $57 million. We Are the World 25 For Haiti The proceeds from We Are the World 25 went to Haiti. This CD was released on February 1, 2010 at the opening ceremony of the winter Olympics. Stars on this CD include Justin Beiber, Celine Dion, P!nk and many more. In 1985, Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie recorded "We are the World" to provide relief from the devastating famine in Africa. It was covered and re-released in 2010 to raise money for the relief effort in Haiti. "2010 Haiti Earthquake." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Dec. 2012. Web. 19 Dec. 2012.
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