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Progressive Movement (Part 1)

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Victoria Snover

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Progressive Movement (Part 1)

Bellringer
RSG 17.4 #2
The Progressive Movement
Developed as concerned citizens organized into civic groups in response to
- Problems in the city
- Problems in the workplace
Essentially a movement of the middle class who objected to paying taxes to corrupt city gov'ts and who desired better city services
Section Question:
1. Describe the role of the media in the Progressive Movement.
"Muckrakers" investigated the corporations and conditions of the times & pointed out
- Corrupt political machines
- Power of monopolists
- Plight of Native Americans, workers, and immigrants
Writing was available to general public through newspapers & books
Upton Sinclair's
The Jungle
- Exposed the meat packing industry
1. Describe the role of the media in the Progressive Movement.
Section Question Review
Section Question:

2. Describe the involvement of presidents in the Progressive Movement.
Roosevelt
Wilson
Partner Activity: p. 128-129
Roosevelt
Wilson
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt
1st to give any support to the rights of workers
- Used his "bully pulpit"
Enhanced powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission
Supported gov't regulations (Sherman Anti-Trust Act) - "Trust-buster"
Conservation of resources through National Parks
Protected consumer (Pure Food and Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act)
Founder & candidate of Bull Moose Party (1912), which split Republican Party & gave election to Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
: allowed labor unions to be exempt from anti-trust laws
17th Amendment
= direct election of Senators
1st federal child labor act passed
- Supreme Court said it was unconstitutional though
Federal Reserve Act
addressed farmers' demands for a more elastic money supply
- still alive today as bankers' bank, providing safety net to prevent bank failure
Other actions:
- made credit more available to farmers
- protected 8 hr work day
- provided workman's compensation
Roosevelt
Wilson
Section Question:

2. Describe the involvement of presidents in the Progressive Movement.
Roosevelt
Wilson
Coursework:
RSG 17.1 #1, 3
RSG 17.3 #2-3
RSG 17.5 #1
Work on Vocab Flashcards
Read text
Bellringer:
Section Question:

1. Describe the role of women in the Progressive Movement.
Life of the woman
Rights of the woman
Young, educated women took role in social reform
Movement for women's rights began at Seneca Falls Convention & focus on suffrage grew since Civil War
Women had opportunity for
- higher education at new women's colleges
- job opportunities in factories and offices
2. Rights of the Woman
1. Life of the Woman
West - generally allowed women to vote
Middle class - no political influence in solving problems in city & workplace
African American Women - formed National Association of Colored Women (NACW) to secure rights of African American women
- Pioneer life = men and women being equals
Review of Section Question:

1. Describe the role of women in the Progressive Movement.
Life of the woman
Rights of the woman
Section Question:

2. Describe the Women's Suffrage Movement.
Leaders of the movement
Movement organizations
1. National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA) = Carrie Chapman Catt
Campaigned on idea that they would clean up society & gov't
Lobbied state legislatures
Opposed by liquor industry & political bosses
Carrie Chapman Catt
Alice Paul
2. National Woman's Party = Alice Paul
Engaged in marches & picketed White House
Attacked by angry men, arrested, & held in prison
- Hunger strikes (refused to eat & were forced fed by jailers)
Carrie Chapman Catt
Alice Paul
Review of Section Question:

2. Describe the Women's Suffrage Movement.
Leaders of the movement
Movement organizations
Section Question:

3. Discuss the results of the Suffrage Movement.

1. Results:
Nineteenth Amendment (1920) - gave women right to vote
Few women ran for political office or were treated equally in workplace
Jane Addams:
- Hull House: settlement house for immigrants; provided vocational classes & childcare
- Against child labor
~ Supreme Court ruled federal child labor legislation unconstitutional
Review of Section Question:

3. Discuss the results of the Suffrage Movement.

Group Activity - Woman Suffrage & the 19th Amendment
Read
Failure is Impossible
& analyze who played the biggest role in the Suffrage movement
Coursework:
RSG 17.2 #1-2
RSG 17.5 #2
Work on Vocab Flashcards
Read text
Answer the following question:

Do you think men and women should have equal rights in public life? Why or why not?
Bellringer:
Answer the following question:


Do you think the US should be involved in foreign affairs? Why or why not?
Section Question:

1. Discuss the reasons for US Expansion
Economics & National Defense
Nationalism & "Destiny"
Isolationism
1. Economics & National Defense
Capitalism - increased the need for raw materials & new markets for developing industries
Overseas markets were potential outlets for American produce & manufactured products
- would increase demand for American goods & ensure production
Believe in Imperialism - US needed to look beyond its borders to acquire overseas colonies
Wanted to expand its "spheres of influence" - territories or countries over which a nation has control
Business leaders & politicians believed it would open overseas markets
- Mercantilism - accumulate wealth by exporting more than importing
Believed expansion would help national security
-
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
(Alfred T. Mahan) discussed the importance of developing a powerful navy
~ 10 yrs later, US had one of the most powerful navies in the world
2. Nationalism & "Destiny"
Historian Frederick Jackson Turner used nationalism to argue that expansion was essential to keep US strong
Used Social Darwinism - it is the duty of white men to civilize
- "The White Man's Burden" by Rudyard Kipling
3. Isolationism
Some wanted isolationism
- Felt like acquisitions would pull the US into foreign conflicts
Argued that it was not economically & politically wise to expand
Also said it contradicted the principles of freedom & self-gov't
Review of Section Question:

1. Discuss the reasons for US Expansion
Economics & National Defense
Nationalism & "Destiny"
Isolationism
Section Question:

2. Describe the US's involvement in the Pacific.
Believed the Pacific was the pathway to Asian markets
Sec. of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867
Hawaii more accepted b/c of potential naval base (Pearl Harbor) & sugar plantations
- eventually overthrew Queen Liluokalani & annexed Hawaii in 1898
Review of Section Question:

2. Describe the US's involvement in the Pacific.
Roots of U.S. Imperialism
Economic
Political
Cultural
Coursework
RSG 18.1 #1-2
Work on Vocab Flashcards
Read text
STUDY FOR TEST
RSG Packet
RSG 17.1 #1,3
RSG 17.2 #1-2
RSG 17.3 #2-3
RSG 17.4 #2
RSG 17.5 #1-2
RSG 18.1 #1-2

Review Game
Economics
&
National
Defense
Nationalism
&
"Destiny"
Isolationism
Station Rotation Activity - Reasons for Expansion
Economics
&
National
Defense
Nationalism
&
"Destiny"
Isolationism
Full transcript