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middle ages webquest
Transcript of middle ages webquest
4. What did he learn during this first stage?
The Page would learn about cleanliness, comportment, courtesy and of course religion.
3. How long did the first stage last?
The first stage last for 7 years, so when he was
14 years old he started his second stage.
2. What was the boy called during
his first stage of training?
A boy was called a page in his first stage of training to
becoming a knight.
1. How old was a boy when he was sent away to start training?
A boy was seven years old when he was sent away to start his training
Knights and Fights
5. From whom did he learn in the first stage?
The page was taught by the women of the house.
6. What was the boy called during his second stage of training?
The boy was called a squire during his second stage of training.
7. What did he learn during his second stage
The boy was taught about riding an animal he was taught about the skills of war. He also was trained in games and activities like hawking and hunting.
8. From whom did he learn in his second stage?
In his second stage the boy was taught by a knight acting as sort of a personal assistant.
9. At what age did the boy become a knight?
A boy become a knight generally between the age of 18 and 21.
1. What led to the growth of towns?
When trade began to grow a new class was formed the merchant. When these two began to grow so did towns.
2. Who were the most exalted members of a town?
The most exalted members a town were Merchant guilds because they controlled town government.
3. Why did merchants support the king and a strong central
The merchants supported the king because they needed stability for their trades.
4. What did the merchant guilds regulate?
Merchants regulated nearly everything to do with trade from prices to business practices. They also regulated quality, weights and measures.
5. What three stages did a boy go through in order to become able to
own a shop and be fully accepted by a craft guild?
The three stages a boy went through to own a shop and to be accepted in order were:
6. From where does the term for the second stage come, and what
does it mean?
The second stage was called journeymen. It doesn't mean he journeys everywhere it comes from the french word "journee" which means day. It means he was paid for a day of work.
7. If a serf escaped to a town, how long did he have to stay there in
order to remain free?
If a serf escaped a town they had to be free for 1 year and 1 day. they would have not wanted to get caught on that extra day.
8. What was the penalty for a thief caught with stolen goods?
The penalty for a thief caught with stolen goods was they were hanged and died. Pretty extreme.
9. Why did the buildings of cooks, barbers, and brewers have to be
whitewashed and plastered?
The buildings of cooks, barbers, and brewers had to be whitewashed and plastered because the town was very conscious of fires.
The Lord of the Manor
1. What was the lord of the manor's primary duty?
The lord of the manors primary duty was to be king.
2. What form of rent did the villagers (serfs) pay to the lord?
The form of rent that villagers used to pay the lord was was produce that they had farmed.
3. Most of life's necessities were produced on the fief. What are two examples of things that had to be brought in to the fief?
Two examples of things that had to be brought in was salt for curing meat and iron for tools.
4. What was the lords' and ladies' favourite past time?
The lords and the ladies favourite past time was hunting for gentry hawks and hunting packs of hounds.
5. What animals helped them in this pursuit?
The animals that helped them in this pursuit was gentry keeping hawks and packs of hounds.
6. What were the duties of the bailiff?
The duties of a bailiff was to appoint jobs to peasants while he was taking care of running repairs to buildings by hiring professional carpenters and blacksmiths.
7. Who was the bailiff's assistant?
The bailiff's assistant was called a reeve.
8. What were his duties?
A revee's duties were to check if everyone turned up to work on time and no-one stole anything from the lord.
9. What functions did the manor host?
Two of the functions that the manor hosted was feasts on Christmas day and after the harvest.
Woman in the Middle Ages
1. What institution taught women how to behave?
The institution that told woman how to behave was the church.
2. Who were women supposed to obey?
Woman were supposed to be obedient to their husbands and fathers.
3. Why could most women not stay at home?
Most woman couldn't stay at home because they needed the extra money to feed their children and clothe themselves.
4. What additional duties did they have?
Additional duties that they had included feeding their children and clothing their family.
5. What is an "alewife"?
An 'alewife' is a woman who brewed ale.
6. What other jobs might urban women have?
Jobs that urban woman could have were a shopkeeper, spinner, baker or 'alewives'.
7. How did the way single and married women dress differ?
Single woman kept their hair down and married woman kept their hair covered at all times as a sign of respect.
8. What is the traditional word for a single woman? Where did this word come from?
The traditional word for a single woman is a 'spinster'. It comes from how single woman earned a living from spinning cotton.
9. What did the nunneries offer to women that life outside the convent did not?
Nunneries offered education and a devout life that outside world did not offer.
10. Economically, how were single women landowners better off than their married counterparts?
Single woman landowner were better off because they had full right to all the land and she could make a will and sign her documents with her own seal. Married woman had to forfeit all her land when/if she got married.
1. What was the definition of a "criminal"?
The definition of a criminal was someone who had "Disturbed the king's peace".
2. Who dealt with minor crimes?
Lords were responsible of dealing with minor crimes.
3. Who dealt with major crimes?
Major crimes were dealt by justices appointed from the king.
4. What was the sheriff's job?
The sheriff's job was to round up all the criminals and keeping them in gaol before their trial.
5. What is a "gaol"?
A "gaol is a place were prisoners were kept they were usually metal cells with bars so they couldn't escape.
6. Why did the prisoners die before they came to trial?
Prisoners usually die before going to their trails because the gaols were dirty and very crowded and the prisoners usually picked up diseases.
7. How could a prisoner starve to death?
A prisoner could starve to death because they would rely on their family and friends to bring them food or money.
8. In order to stop highway robbers, what did a 14th century law require lords to do?
To stop highway robbers they cut down all trees and bushes 30 feet each side of major roads so that the robbers had no where to hide and rob people on the highway.
9. What were the punishments for minor crimes?
Punishments for minor crimes included being fined and being put in the stocks.
10. What were the punishments for major crimes?
Punishments for major crimes was executed which happened in front of large crowds and in public.
1. Who were the earliest medieval merchants?
The earliest medieval merchants were the 12th century pedlars.
2. By the beginning of the 14th century (1300), what was England importing?
By the beginning of the 14th century England were importing precious metals, silks and other luxuries.
3. By the beginning of the 14th century (1300), what was England exporting?
By the beginning of the 14th century England were exporting wool, coal and timber.
4. Where did the double-entry ledge originate?
The double-entry ledge originated in 14th century Florence.
5. Whom did merchants hire to help with paper work?
Merchants hired clerks and scribes to help them with paper work.
6. With what did merchants mark their papers?
The merchants had to mark their papers with wax seals.
7. Of what were most of the medieval coins made?
Most of the medieval coins were made out of silver until 1252 when they minted the first gold coin.
8. Where was the first gold coin since Roman times minted?
The first gold coin was minted in 1252 in Florence, Italy.
9. Where was European banking born?
European banking was born in Italy.
10. How did banks make a profit?
Banks made a profit from the interest they charged for using the bank and its services.
1. What were the lord's words when he swore fealty to his king?
The words the lord said when in front of his king was "Sire I have become your man".
2. Why did most kings not keep standing armies?
Kings did not have enough wealth so they did not keep standing armies.
3. Who was most likely to threaten the king's powers?
The barons were most likely to threaten the king's powers.
4. How did bishops become wealthy?
Bishops ruled over many dioceses and therefore collected taxes which made them wealthy.
5. If William received the maximum number of warriors from each
baron, how large would his family be?
If William received the maximum number of warrior he would have 600,000 warriors.
1. What are the seven types of entertainment in which a serf could
Serfs could participate in church festivals, join a marriage or funeral procession, or watch and listen to poets, musicians, dancers and acrobats.
2. What did people do to celebrate Christmas, May Day, and
At Christmas people called mummers would go to the lord's home and perform a sing and a dance for him in return for special Christmas food and maybe if they were lucky some money.
On May Day young boys and girls would play together in the sun and then collect green branches to decorate their homes.
On Midsummer the villagers would play sports and games with the warmth of a bonfire.