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To Kill A Mockingbird

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Carsyn Bell

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird

By Harper Lee
Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28
Chapter 29
Chapter 30
Chapter 31
Throughout the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout is watching her father, Atticus, defend Tom Robinson. Scout is just a child, so as she is watching this trial, she really has no idea as to what Tom is being accused of by the Ewells. Scout cannot fulling understand the point of the trial, as the trial is about a rape. Scout has had to ask Atticus what rape really is, and even then, he gives Scout a very vague idea of what rape is. Scout is watching the trial progress, with very little understanding of what is actually happening because she is a young child.
In this chapter, Harper Lee uses many literary techniques, using Scout as a relic of innocence since she is so young and naive. Scout is taught about rape more thoroughly by Atticus, and that women aren’t treated the same as men in court (or anywhere, for that matter). Scout is still just a child, and she is still in some ways confused about the law and what is wrong and what is right
In chapter 25 of To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses Jem to show that some people in Maycomb aren’t like everyone else. Jem is very upset at what happened with Tom, and he isn’t afraid to show it. Jem shows sympathy towards helpless things, ranging from bugs to human beings.

In this chapter, Harper Lee uses Scout as yet another way of telling a dark story through the eyes of a young child. Helen Robinson is harassed by the Ewells, so Link Deas walks her past the Ewells, and threatens to have them put in jail if they harass her ever again.
Scout and Jem are attacked by Bob Ewell, and Jem breaks his arm. Scout realizes who has saved her from Bob; Boo Radley. Scout is obviously too young to properly understand what has just happened to her and Jem, but she is distracted by Boo.
In the final chapter of To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses Boo as a metaphor. Boo is one of the ‘mockingbirds’ in the book, and he shows that not every ‘monster’ is guilty of what they have been accused of.
In this chapter Harper Lee uses literary techniques. One is "scout stole a glance" at Jem. A metaphor meaning that she looked secretively at him. The second one is The kitchen table had enough food to bury the family witch this is a hyperbole.
In this chapter Harper Lee uses literary techniques. When Miss Maudie was angry her brevity was icy.
Something had made her deeply angry, and her gray eyes were as cold as her voice.
A simile is her gray eyes were as cold as her voice. Another thing is that Calpurnia symbolizes support because she agrees to help Atticus inform the Robinsions about what had happened to Tom.
In this chapter Harper Lee uses literary techniques. A personification is "time was playing tricks on me". A Foreshadowing is Scout talks about Boo Radley and says she wishes she could get to see him up close. This foreshadows their eventual face to face meeting.
Throughout the book, “To Kill a Mockingbird”, Scout learns a lot of lessons, especially in chapter 11. In chapter 11, after Jem cuts down Mrs. Dubose's flowers and is forced to read to her as punishment, Mrs. Dubose dies. Atticus later reveals to Jem and Scout that she was addicted to morphine and that the reading was part of her successful effort to fight this addiction. Atticus gives Jem a box that Mrs. Dubose had given her maid for Jem; in it lies a single white camellia. Jem is furious by this, and Scout doesn't fully understand why. Scout's narration in this chapter usually doesn't comment much on the actions of other people, just presents what happens throughout the chapter as a series of facts. For example, at the end of the chapter, Scout says, "Jem picked up the candy box and threw it in the fire. He picked up the camellia and when I went off to bed, I saw him fingering at the white pedals." Scout doesn't tell how she thinks Jem feels, only what he's doing. Using this style of narration, stating facts, makes people think more about what Jem is going through.

In this chapter Harper lee uses a literary technique. Scout reached out with her toes and felt a face that was prickly then she smelt stale whiskey which was an inference meaning it could be Mr. Ewell.
In this chapter Harper Lee uses literary technique. An inference is the living room lights were awfully strong.
meaning Atticus thought that Boo would be more comfortable in a place where he wouldn't be so recognized. Another literary technique is parallelism Atticus and Sheriff Tate did not know what to do with Boo because it would be like shooting a mockingbird. Because mockingbirds are innocent and so is boo.

In chapter fifteen of "To Kill Mockingbird", Harper Lee's narrative technique, having a child be the narrator, is very significant. In chapter fifteen, the kids follow Atticus to the town center. From a distance, they see Atticus sitting in front of the Maycomb jail, reading a newspaper, until four cars show up with a group of men that surround him. Atticus is obviously going to get hurt by this group of men. But, since Harper Lee wrote the story from Scout's point of view, Scout has no real idea of what is going on. As Scout runs to Atticus, she shouts, "Hey Atticus," and then says, "I thought he would have a fine surprise, but his face killed my joy." Choosing Scout as the narrator was a great choice because since Scout is so innocent and inexperienced, it makes the event from Scout's point of view seem like nothing, even though is was a huge deal. Everything that really happened in this chapter goes right over Scout's head.
In chapter seventeen of "To Kill a Mockingbird", Scout sits through the testimony of Heck Tate on the night that Mayella supposedly got raped by Tom Robinson. From what Scout can see, she knows that Mayella is lying. Scout thinks that people are either wrong or right. If it is clear to Scout that Tom has done nothing wrong, she does not believe that he should be punished. In this chapter, scout says, "Atticus was trying to show, it seemed to me, that Mr. Ewell could have beaten up Mayella." Scout thinks Tom is innocent. Having a kid's perspective of taking real facts, makes you realize how much people would discriminate african americans to certain crimes in the 1930's and 40's. That is one of the reasons why Harper Lee's narrative technique, by using Scout, really helps you understand the story, and the perspectives of people in the time period, a lot better.
In chapter nineteen of "To Kill a Mockingbird", Scout learns lots of lessons. Scout is so young and has had little experience in the real world that she is still learning its ways. After Dill starts to cry because the way white people in the courtroom are talking to Tom Robinson, a lesson is really shown to Scout when Dill says, "It ain't right, somehow it ain't right to do em that way. Hasn't anyone got any business talking like that- it makes me sick." Since Scout is the narrator of the story, you experience her realizing that people are very racist, even though she cannot fully grasp the term yet. Harper Lee's narrative technique, by using Scout as the narrator, really helps give the lesson that there are people who firmly do not like african americans and that they are just going to have to live with that.
In chapter thirteen of "To Kill a Mockingbird", using Scout as the narrator is very significant. In chapter thirteen, Aunt Alexandra moves in with Atticus, Jem, and Scout. Aunt Alexandra talks a lot about how the kids need to have pride for being a Finch. In the chapter, Scout says, "I never understood her preoccupation with heredity. Somewhere, I had received the impression that Fine Folks were people who did the best they could with the sense they had." Harper Lee using Scout as the narrator shows that it doesn't matter who the person was to Scout. If people were genuinely nice people, Scout liked them. Harper Lee did this to show that this is how it should always be. People should never judge other people based on relatives or even skin color. Scout was the perfect person to show this.
In chapter 12, Jem starts to experience growing pains and Scout is having trouble coping with his treatment of her. Atticus has been called to the state capitol because, as Scout says "As if that were not enough, the state legislature was called into emergency session and Atticus left us for two weeks. The Governor was eager to scrape a few barnacles off the ship of state; there were sit-down strikes in Birmingham."

"Scraping the barnacles off the ship of state" is a metaphor that means the governor was trying to clean things up.
In chapter 14 the children reveal they have been to church with Calpurnia. Aunt Alexandra is appalled. Scout sasses her and Atticus becomes angry, then scout says. "Atticus turned his head and pinned me to the wall with his good eye. His voice was deadly: first, apologize to your aunt." "Atticus turned his head and pinned me to the wall" is an example of literary technique because Atticus did not really pin her to the wall.

"That proves something--that a gang of wild animals can be stopped. Simply because they're still human. Hmp, maybe we need a police force of children . . . you children last night made Walter Cunningham stand in my shoes for a minute." Harper lee used a literary device in that quote by using the metaphor " a gang of wild animals" Atticus is not referring to actual animals here, but rather the mob of citizens who have come to lynch Tom Robinson.
during the trial Mayella thought Atticus was making fun of her Atticus asks " does she even have friends." this is used as a literally technique because Atticus was just messing around.
Durning his final summation in the Tom Robinson trial Atticus makes a statement that serves as a metaphor "a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein."
The author Harper Lee uses techniques such
as using first person perspective for chapter one.
For example, She shows Scouts perspective of the characters she introduces at the beginning of the story.

Harper Lee shows Scout's affection because she wanted to run away. In this chapter, Harper Lee gives us an idea how Scout's personality works using literary techniques, as she shows her opinions on certain things.
In chapter two of To Kill a Mockingbird on page twenty one there is an example of a metaphor when the kids meet Miss Caroline. When Scout sees her and is describing her she says that she “looked and smelled like a peppermint drop”. Also in chapter two on page twenty five, Scout uses imagery to describe reflections that she sees. When Miss Caroline told them to get their lunches out scout says that “molasses buckets appeared from nowhere, and the ceiling danced with metallic light”.

In chapter four on page fifty, Scout uses an example of a simile when she is rolled down the hill in the tire and goes into the Radley place. When she falls out of the tire, she says that "the tire bumped on gravel, skeetered across the road, crashed into a barrier and popped me like a cork onto pavement." Scout uses another example of a simile on page fifty two when she is talking about Dill. She says that "he was as good as his worst performance."

An example of a simile in chapter six is on page seventy six when Scout is talking about Jem's shirt. scout says that Jem's white shirt tail dipped and bobbed like a small ghost dancing away to escape to coming morning’.

In chapter eight, there is another simile. when Jem and Scout make the snowman, Scout says “Jem, it looks like a pumpkin”. There is also an example of imagery in chapter eight. Scout says ‘when we ran to the backyard, it was covered with a feeble layer of soggy snow’.
Harper Lee shows how Atticus' personality is using narrative techniques. In the story, Atticus wants the children to not mistreat people based on race, just because they are 'different'.
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