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Ghosts in transitional justiceAn inquiry into how ghosts haunt contemporary economic transformations in Indonesia and

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Hermann Ruiz

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Ghosts in transitional justiceAn inquiry into how ghosts haunt contemporary economic transformations in Indonesia and

Ghosts in transitional justice
An inquiry into how ghosts haunt contemporary economic transformations in Indonesia and the implications of this haunting for transitional justice narrative.
Confirmation of Candidature
By Herman Ruiz
Supervisors:
Katherine Gibson, Magdalena Zolkos
Co-supervisors:
Mary Hawkins, Stephen Muecke.
Surabaya, a fertile soil for ghost stories
Transitional justice as a haunted modern narrative
Ghosts stories
Suharto's regime (1965/67-1998).
Transitional justice
2001 failed TRC attempt
Local initiatives
National and regional prosecutions.
Modernization
2nd largest city.
Neighboring metropolitan area with large agricultural industries.
In political terms, Indonesia in general is undergoing an institutional challenge accommodating religious diversity in a modern bureaucratic state.
Post-WWII transitions
Pragmatic definitions
Conceptual assumptions: temporalizing functions and modernization
Ghosts in transitional justice: vulnerable boundaries in the modern time-line
Transitional justice as a performance of modern times
Conceptual framework
Ghosts
Violence as silencing
Voice as a meaning-creation process.
Economic practices as a way to create meaning.
Modernity as a narration that silences the "peasant past".
TJ performing the violence of silencing the "past".
Justice as dialogue
TJ and restorative justice/retributive justice.
Material reparation, social justice/development and reconciliation /peace.
Reconciliation, new constitutions and possibilities
Justice and contingency: open-ended future (narrative)/responsibility to "the other"
A TJ that is not constrained by a ready.made template of moder future requires the ethics of undecidability.
Challenge of linear time (the present): a dialogue between present, past a future (ghosts).
Modern time and displacement.
The Modern time-line as a historical meaning-creation process.
Multi-layered time/single-layered time.
Enlightenment, Reformation, French Revolution.
An image of the modern society: self-governed people.
An image of the future: progress.
Irreflexive optimism on modern progress: "Modernity is essentially about displacement", Escobar.
The idea of progress is not addressed as a source of potential violence.
Methodology
Culture as text
Philosophic inquire
Normative critique
Reflective disclosure
Ethnographic observation
Economic practices
Ghosts stories
Time-line
Law as a process: political struggle for enunciation
Law, power and knowledge production in TJ practices: South African TRC.
Double function of TJ laws:
Voicing
Silencing
TJ as a narrative performance: in the process of declaring "transition" it creates the reality upon which it acts.
Modernity as the author of TJ's idea of future.
Ghosts resist the absolute consummation of silence as they are haunting signals of what is lost.
They dislocate the apparent stability in the boundaries of the modern time-line as they are signals from the past that allow an open-ended dialogue that avoids any ready-made image of the future.
Justice as a respectful engagement with the other and the possibilities of transformation.
Ancestor's spirits and local deities survive from the Hindu past.
Popular ghosts stories in news and reality TV shows.
Ghosts stories also undergoing processes of modern rearranging (psychological ghosts)
Research question:
How the experience of ghosts could be a source of imagination for a different narrative of transitional justice?
How people experience time when they live with ghosts?
How people transform their economic practices to adapt to images and practices of modern economy?
How ghosts may give particular characteristics to the idea of progress?
Full transcript