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Sunni and Shia Muslims

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Jenny Nguyen

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Sunni and Shia Muslims

By: Anna Swarringin and Jenny Nguyen Who are the principal groups in conflict with? What is the conflict? What was the problem? Sunni On the other hand, Shia Muslims thought that leadership should be handed down from generation to generation. Shia Muslims thought that the job should go to Muhammad's cousin/son-in-law Ali bin Abu Talib. Shias were against electing leaders. They wanted to follow a line of Imams which they believe have been appointed by the Prophet Muhammad or God himself.

Fun fact: "Shia" in Arabic means a group or supportive party of people. Sunni vs Shia. Which group is better and who gets to take over Muhammad's leadership over the Muslim nation? When Muhammad died, they needed a new leader and both Sunni and Shia wanted the position. Both Sunni and Shia had different ideas for
the Muslim nation and this caused conflict.
They believe that there can only be one official ruler for the Muslim nation. Sunni Muslims thought that the position should go to a person that was capable of handling the job, and that was what they did. They hired Muhammad's close friend and adviser Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr became the first Caliph of the Islamic nation. Shia Iraq Sunni vs Shia Muslim Shia Muslims Here is a video of Shia Muslims beating themselves with steel chains in Kabul. Why did they do that? "Imam Hussein, a grandson of the Prophet Mohammed, was killed by armies of the caliph Yazid in 680 AD. He was said to be decapitated and his body mutilated in the battle at Karbala, now in Iraq, Reuters reports. As is custom, the crowds — many of the them hordes of shirtless men — re-enacted the killing of Hussein, hitting their backs with knife-covered chains and cutting their heads with swords, even though the self-flagellation traditions have been banned by some members of the Shiite clergy." Fun Fact: this conflict might have never lead this far if Muhammad had a son, a son would
automatically inherit his fathers
authority. Fun fact: Shia and Sunni have been fighting for over 1,400 years and their argument is still present today. Fun fact: The word "Sunni" in Arabic comes from a word meaning "One who follows the traditions of the Prophet." Where are Sunnahs and Shi'its mostly located? Sunni Muslims make up the majority of Muslims all over the world (85%) Core Beliefs and Shared Practices All muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad was the messenger for Allah. All muslims are expected to live in agreement of the 5 pillars of Islam.
1.)Shahadah(there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah) 2.) Salah (prayer, worship of Allah) 3.) Sawm (fasting) 4.) Zakah 5.)Hajj Hajj Hajj is one of the 5 Pillars of Islam, it itself follows 7 rituals: 1.)Putting on Ihram 2.)Going around Kaabah 7 times 3.)A fast walk between As-Safa and Al-Marwah. 4.)Visiting and staying at Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah. 5.)Throwing pebbles at three fixed points in Mina. 6.) Shaving or trimming hair. 7.) Sacrificing an animal (camel, cow, goat or sheep) Ending Religious Leadership Shia: Muslims believe that the Imam is sinless by nature, and that his control is incapable of making mistakes as it comes directly from God. Fun Fact: Imam is the person who leads prayers in a mosque. Sunni: Muslims believe that there is no basis in Islam for holding a position on a special right of spiritual leaders. They believe the leadership is based upon trust that is earned. The truth is that there really isn't an ending for now. Since the Shi'ites and Sunnahs still haven't agreed on a resolution yet. Maybe in the future, they will call it truths and have an agreement and realize that they can share/rule Islam together side by side. Practice In terms of actual practice, they are similar only that the Sunni Muslims pray five times a day; the fajr, the zohr, the asar, the maghrib and finally the isha (darkness). Shia Muslims only pray three times—morning, lunchtime and sunset. Another important difference between the two sects is that Shia Muslims permit fixed-term temporary marriage, known as muttah. Holiday Fun fact: "Allah" means God in Arabic. One of the important holidays in Islam is Mawlid,
Mawlid is Muhammad's birth date. Unlike Sunni Muslims, who celebrate 12th of Rabi' al-awwal as Muhammad's birthday or deathday (because they said that birth & death both is in this week), Shia Muslims celebrate the 17th of the month, which also coincides with the birth date of the sixth imam, Ja'far al-Saadiq.
Fun Fact: Not all Sunni Muslims celebrate Muhammad's birthday, stating it as a bid'ah. Sunni Muslims Shia Muslims <---- Muhammad
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