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Oral and Dental Research - Getting started
Transcript of Oral and Dental Research - Getting started
Active or Arrested?
Porcelain, composite, amalgam, gold
Success or failure
Calculus, gingivitis, oral health
Gingivitis progression to periodontitis
which is best?
You see a problem and have a question
You are curious and ask more questions
Why did it occur?
What caused it?
What happens if I intervene?
Where are the answers?
Caries reduction since 1998 - 54% to 31%
People with decay have 2.7 teeth affected
Crowns up from 34 to 37%
Healthy periodontal status only 17%
Negative effects on life due to poor oral health
Significant health inequalities
5% of Health expenditure
16% of private health care expenditure
EU spend € 79 billion likely to increase to €93 billion in 2020
Mouth most expensive part of body to treat
Will start to exceed cancer, heart disease, stroke and dementia
Strong evidence that benefits of prevention exceed costs of treatment
Why do Research?
Contribution to knowledge
Rewards/ Salary and Job Security
Enjoy the challenge
Training / Skill advancement
Professional advancement Career choice
Planning your Research
First think of a problem that needs researching
Then discuss how you would do this with your colleague
Undertake Literature review
Your working hypothesis
Identify your research problem
Design of study
Methods you will use
Materials you will need
Analysis of data
Link to literature review
Write it up, publish
Tell people about it
Lets think about a research topic
Own practice environment
not audit related
think clinical scientist
1 Periodontology 2000 (4.012)
2 Journal of dental research (3.826)
3 Clinical implant dentistry (3.821)
4 Dental materials (3.773)
5 Journal of clinical periodontology (3.688)
6 Clinical Oral Implants Research (3.433)
7 Journal of Dentistry (3.200)
8 Journal of Endodontics (2.929)
9 Int Journal of Oral Science (2.719)
10 British Journal of Oral Surgery (2.717)
Go find it
15 - Journal of Periodontology 2.398
21 - International Endodontic Journal 2.051
25 - Journal of the American Dental Assoc 1.822
27 - Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 1.724
34 - American Journal of Orthodontics 1.458
41 - Operative dentistry 1.312
54 - European Journal of Dental Education 1.012
63 - British dental journal 0.811
Read other papers
Talk and Listen to researchers
Feasible and cost
Getting data can be time consuming
Smith et al, 1990
Stimulation of reparative dentinogenesis
by dentine matrix components
Evidence Based Dentistry
Human Tissue Acthttp://www.hta.gov.uk/about_hta/human_tissue_act.cfm
Ethical committee approval
Genetically modified organisms regulationshttp://www.hse.gov.uk/biosafety/gmo/
Take home messages
Oral cancer is on the increase
High mortality, 5 year survival less than 50% for several sites
Dentists important in early detection of suspicious lesions
Any ideas for research
Oral and Dental Research
Want to be involved?
Need an MSc but ideally a PhD
Time - 3 years (or 4 to 5 years PT)
Choosing a Reseach degree
Success of researcher/team/University
to be leading light
as a Researcher