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Transcript of Blended Learning
Face-to-face and online collaboration
According to Wikipedia,
is "a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part of through online delivery of content and instruction with some element of student control over time, place, path or pace."
Blended learning provides learners with choices as to how, when, where, and at what speed the lesson takes place.
Learners and teachers are given the potential to teach and learn in more efficient ways.
Blended Learning in a Nutshell...
Methods of Implementing Blended Learning
Blended learning is mainly carried out in one of four models:
Rotation- Students rotate around a fixed schedule which involves online learning.
Flex- Majority of learning takes place in a brick and mortar setting, but online learning is used to support lessons.
A La Carte- A course that is entirely online, but goes hand in hand with a class in a brick and mortar setting.
Enriched Virtual- Class that meets face to face but the assignments are primarily completed online. (Our class)
How long has Blended Learning Been around?
The Beginning of Technology with Blended Learning
Blended Learning with Technology Advanced to using Main Frames and Mini-Computers in the 1960s-1970s.
This new technology was used to reach and train many employees in the work place.
Helped employees make connection with themselves and the devices they were using, while also connecting with their trainers-new evolution of connecting and sharing information.
Disadvantage of this new technology with Blended Learning was that there was not a lot of storage or memory through the new devices.
Satellite Video and Blended Learning
During the 1970s-1980s Satellite Video was created and teachers began using it to teach their students using this new outlet.
Teachers and students can talk back and forth to each other and cover multiple topics.
This new technology was very expensive and eventually more video options and conference calls replaced Satellite Video.
CD-ROM and Blended Learning
CD-ROMs were created shortly after Satellite Video.
CD-ROMs were created in order to store media: videos, graphics, and audio; CD-ROMs were used with newer technological devices-Multimedia PCs.
CD-ROMs did have disadvantages: not having the ability to share who was using the CD-ROM with Multimedia PC program, when they were using it, and to what progress they were or were not making.
Graham, Allen and Ure
(2005) identify three main reasons for using blended learning:
to increase access and flexibility; to improve pedagogy; and/or to improve cost-effectiveness and resource use
(Wallace and Young)
Matheos and Curry
(2004) employ similar categories to argue for the benefits that online technologies offer to
(a) students: access, flexibility, and new, important skills for work in the global networked environment, (b) faculty members: new skills and knowledge to transform teaching, and (c) institutions: increase enrollment, improve teaching and learning outcomes, and more efficient resource use
(Wallace and Young).
Blended learning is a good thing for the educational setting because it can be adapted to all students. Student learn in many different ways and their learning strategies never change throughout their adult life.
Blended learning can be used by everyone because it allows for students to learn through group discussions, visual presentations, different ideas or perspectives from other classmates and so on.
Currently, blended learn benefits the educational field in many different ways. All learners are able to be involved like, visual, auditory, group, mixed, and online type students.
Ross and Gage (this volume) make the statement that future learning systems will be differentiated not based on whether they blend but rather by how they blend (Wicks).
The technology world and how we teach will be forever changing. The future will continue to collaborate and embrace being connected to the web from any hand-held devices. Blended learning is here to stay and will continue to get better.
Future changes and implications are:
One-to-one computer programs
Cost of broadband access will decrease and use will increase
Follow the path of post-secondary institutions, i.e. internet resources and learning management systems
School administration technology for student information
Smartphone Internet access will increase
Their are multiple resources for students to view a lesson in another perspective instead of relying on the way the teacher has explained the lesson. They have a surplus of resources to find other ideas or ways how to do it.
Blended learning is being used in many different ways in education like the following;
Online tutorials or podcasts
Webinars or live streaming
Instructor led trainings
Blended learning is being implemented by giving students choices for their learning that will help them be well rounded students in the future.
Blended Learning Implications for Education
Key Theorists in Blended Learning
Keller's ARCS Theory of Motivation
Don’t make it boring!
Relevant to student!
I did it!
Anthony Gidden's Structuration Theory
Structure- gives form and shape to society
Agency-flow or patterns of people's actions
Diana Laurillard's Conversation Theory
Connectivism George Siemens
Graham, C. (2004, January 1). BLENDED LEARNING
SYSTEMS: DEFINITION, CURRENT TRENDS, AND FUTURE
DIRECTIONS. Retrieved September 15, 2014, from
Wallace, L., & Young, J. (2010). Implementing Blended
Learning: Policy Implications for Universities. Distance
Learning Administration, 13(4), from
Wicks, M. (2010, October 1).
A National Primer on K-12 Online Learning.
International Association for K-12 Online Learning, 36-37, from
Clayton Christensen Institute for Disruptive Learning. (2012).
Clayton Christensen Institute for Disruptive Learning.
Retrieved September 12, 2014,
Teach Thought Staff. (2013). Te@ch Thought.
The Definition of Blended Learning.
Retrieved from http://teachthought.com/blended-
Bersin, J. (2004). The Blended Learning Book. Retrieved from
LEARN NC, a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education.
(2008). Learn NC. Retrieved September 10, 2014,
It has been around since before technological devices were created.
First actual form of Blended Learning began with Instructor Led Training.
This form was difficult due to lack of one-on-one time with teachers and students.
Apprenticeships were also a form of blended learning were students would work with, make observations and take notes, have conversations, and readings.
This form was difficult because is lacked proper peer involvement.
Learning Management System and Blended Learning
Learning Management Systems-LMS-were a new technology all of their own developed first by the The Aviation Industry CBT Committee-AICC.
The Learning Management Systems created by the AICC helped create better reliability for tracking and monitoring who was completing training and what progress they were making.
The new LMS created by the AICC was used for their own trainings; the AICC also created new standards and implemented them in their own LMS. These same standards have also been used in other LMS.
Since the developments of the AICC's LMS and standards, Sharable Object Reference Content Models have been designed to provide better efficiency, better re-usability, sequencing, and more.
From Instructor Led Training and Blending Learning to Web 2.0 and Blended Learning
Much has been learned over the years in trying to develop technologies to better accommodate the vital components of blended learning. Ideal blended learning experience provides learners with quality content and context, and the means to stay organized, monitor progress, and obtain new vital information. Before blended learning was unbalanced, where not enough individual support was possible, with instructors having difficulties reaching all of their students or trainees with ease as well and interest.
Blended learning into the CD-ROM era exploded with new ways to reach, hold larger amounts of information, and share information with video, audio, and graphics, but with an expensive cost and with inevitably inefficient means to provide the most beneficial blended learning experience.
Now blended learning has shifted into a whole new dimension that is part of the new Web 2.0 era, with the use of educational technology theories, how content is created using new web based technology, how it is developed, how it is shared, and how people connect with it, connect with others, and share new information.
Carman, Jared M., Blended Learning Design: Five Key Ingredients (2005 2005) Retrieved on September 9, 2014 from http://www.agilantlearning.com/pdf/Blended%20Learning%20Design.pdf
Blended Learning (2014 January 9) Retrieved on September 10, 2014 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blended_learning
Structuration Theory (2011 November 2016) Retrieved on September 10, 2014 from http://istheory.byu.edu/wiki/Structuration_theory
Keller’s Motivational Model (2012 September 1) Retrieved on September 10, 2014 from http://istheory.byu.edu/wiki/Kellers_Motivational_Model
Laurillard conversational framework (2014 July 24) retrieved September 14, 2014 from http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/File:Laurillard-conversational-framework.png
Requires the use of technology!
agree on objective
objective adapted to student conception