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The Legacy of Rome

A list of the five major influences on Rome.
by

Kelsey Cottrell

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of The Legacy of Rome

The Legacy Of Rome Domes Human Rights Gem Cutting Stadiums For example, 2012 can be written as MMXII. Latin roots and prefixes are main pieces of our language and we use them every day. Language Gem cutting was one of the many Roman art forms. The gems were first sanded down and polished. After they were smooth, detailed images were carved into the stone. The carvings were often cameos, cabochons, and faceted jewels. A cameo is a type of carving, usually etched in contrasting colors. It was normally in a round frame. A cabochon is a jewel that is translucent and is shaped to put on a necklace or bracelet. Faceted stones are what we use for most jewelry. We cut the gems into geometric shapes to reflect the light. We use these today in modern art. For example, wedding rings are faceted, cabochons are made into beads, and cameos are still used often. The Romans used these gems as beads, pins, and different jewelry. Domes were used in a lot of structures in Rome and have impacted us greatly. The Romans used them for many of their great architecture masterpieces. Some types of domes are Onion Domes, Geodesic Domes, and Monolithic Domes. Onion Domes have a circular bottom that comes together to a point. A Geodesic Dome is circle with other shapes on the surface. Spaceship Earth is a ride in Epcot that is a great example of a geodesic Dome. Monolithic Domes are one whole piece of material that creates a semi-circle over a cement ring on the ground. An example of a Monolithic Dome could be an igloo. Stadiums are very popular now and were in Roman times. A stadium is partially outdoors and have seating for many people. Different types of stadiums consist of the same main components except the roofs. Some have closed tops, some have retractable roofs, some have fully open tops, and some have half closed covers. The Romans stadiums were all usually open and were used for gladiator fights, chariot races, and Olympic Games in Rome. Nowadays we use them for concerts and certain sports. We also use arenas for sports like basketball. The Colosseum was a huge amphitheater in Rome where many games and shows were preformed. Modern day examples of stadiums are CenturyLink Field, and Safeco Field. The concept of human rights was understood in Rome. The Romans believed everyone should be treated equal, whether or not a Roman citizen. Although they made this a rule, it was rarely followed in their own community. Their idea of rights wasn't exactly the same as today. In Roman times it was normal to have a slave or servant where as now it is illegal. Back then they also had very severe and harsh punishments for crimes. Death, beating, put in an arena with wild animals, and countless other activities were payment for theft, and disloyalty to a leader. The Roman language influenced us now in many ways. We use Latin roots, Roman numerals, and capital letters. The Latin alphabet had 23 letters and the English alphabet has 26. The Romans wrote in all capital letters and we use capital letters for the start of each word. The numbers 1-10 can be represented in Roman numerals. Numbers bigger than 10 like 50, 100, 500, and 1000 all have different numerals too.
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