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Transcript of Philadelphia
Even before the Revolutionary War, Pennsylvania led the nation in iron and grain milling production.
Pennsylvania became a leader of textile, leather, iron, and glass production. The mid-century population
growth was caused by
improvements in transportation,
industrial opportunities, and
renewed immigration. Population Statistics Ethel Waters Famous Philadelphians Then and Now Liberty bell
Betsy Ross House
National Constitution Centers
Quakers football team Parks Immigration Urban and Transportation Development Colleges Problems of the City Historical Events Other American blues, jazz and gospel vocalist and actress. She frequently performed jazz, big band, and pop music, on the Broadway stage and in concerts, although she began her career in the 1920s singing blues. Chester, Pa Famous Philadelphians Louisa May Alcott Author of the classic novel Little Women. Germantown, Pa Famous Philadelphians John Barrymore American actor of stage and screen. He first gained fame as a handsome stage actor in light comedy, then high drama and culminating in groundbreaking portrayals in Shakespearean plays Hamlet and Richard III. Philadelphia, Pa Famous Philadelphians Betsy Ross She was reported to have made the first American Flag. Philadelphia, Pa Famous Philadelphians James Buchanan The 15th president of the U.S.; was the only president from Pennsylvania and the only president to never marry. Mercersburg, PA 1881 City Hall Then & Now Late 1800s Universityof Philadelphia Then & Now Tower Hall 1898 • Fairmount Park (right)
• Morris Arboretum (left) The majority of the people that immigrated to Pennsylvania were the Pennsylvania Germans or the Pennsylvania Dutch. By 1790, 40% of Pennsylvania was made up of Pennsylvania Germans. They created a distinct culture with traditions, arts, and a language based on their heritage. While in America they continued to use their heritage in decorating their buildings, furniture, pottery, and in practicing their religion.
The Pennsylvania Germans had a great influence on many attractions in Pennsylvania such as Dutch Wonderland and Landis Valley Museum. George Landis’ German ancestors settled in Lancaster County during the early 1700s. Recognizing the significance of their culture and its traditions, he began to collect Pennsylvania German objects from the 1700s and 1800s. He built a collection of over 75,000 objects and established a small museum in the 1920s. Pennsylvania Canal Financed largely by the Commonwealth’s General Assembly, by 1834 over 600 miles of canal and 125 miles of auxiliary railroad were opened between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh to improve transportation. Urban and Transportation Development Pennsylvania Railroad • University of Pennsylvania
• Drexel University
• Chestnut Hill College
• Walden University
• Girard College Philadelphia reported gang activity as early as 1840 and between that time and 1870 became home to over 100 street gangs. During this time murder became a test of toughness and drugs became a part of the gang scene. The level of violence escalated. Without indoor plumbing, people attended to their sanitary needs either by going outside and digging a hole, or using chamber pots and emptying them outside. Other garbage was also thrown in the streets. Since there were no Departments of Sanitation to carry garbage away, it was left to the flies and stray animals. In the summer of 1793, and the Yellow Fever epidemic gripped the city. Thousands of infected people landed at the Philadelphia docks. Samuel Breck estimated more than four thousand deaths by 1793. Former U.S. Transportation Company; Inc. 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature. It opened in 1854 as a single-track line between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. The railroad rapidly extended its operations between the East Coast and the Mississippi River and between the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Potomac rivers. In 1910 a tunnel under the Hudson River allowed the railroad to reach its new terminal in New York City, known in the mid-1900s as the world's busiest rail station. The Pennsylvania RR introduced many innovations to railroading, including air conditioning, electrification, and the practice of loading truck-trailers on flat cars There have been several major tornadoes in the area, most devastating happening in 1872, 1853, and 1856
On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was adopted in the Pennsylvania State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania Railroad becomes the largest corporation in the country • The Great Depression (1929-1939) closed mines and steel mills. Unemployment of Pennsylvania’s miners and steelworkers reached almost 80 percent, as hundreds of thousands of workers lost their jobs. State leaders passed welfare laws and set a minimum wage for women and children. State programs provided jobs in highway construction, conservation, and production of natural resources. World War II (1939-1945) also helped to end the Depression. Pennsylvania provided clothing, coal, steel, ships, and weapons for the army. Other •The Pennsylvania Turnpike opened in 1940. Pittsburgh and Philadelphia experienced major redevelopment of the downtown areas and hundreds of new schools were built. Other Sources GOOGLE IMAGES
http://www.historycentral.com/NN/America/Cities.html Famous Philadelphians Today Will Smith Worked as a sitcom star, TV host, and stand-up comedian. Born in 1956 Bob Saget Started as the MC of the hip-hop duo DJ Jazzy Jeff and The Fresh Prince. Born in 1968 Bill Cosby Famous comedian who started in The Cosby Show. Born in 1937 Sports in Philadelphia Eagles Phillies 76ers Flyers Urban Planning and Transportation Philadelphia merchants pressed for a canal between eastern Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, but this waterway presented many challenges. The 395 mile Pennsylvania Canal required 174 locks and a railway to get the cargo over the Allegheny Mountains. It was completed in 1834. It carried considerable traffic but was never competition against the Erie Canal in terms of economic impact. Pennsylvania Canal