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Transcript of Iron
to the development of the industrial revolution? In the army for cannons
Factories for iron machines powered by iron steam engines
Trains and Train Tracks How to make Iron 1. Iron ore is dug from the ground in Iron mines
2. The ore is melted with limestone and charcoal in a furnace.
3. The hot liquid Iron separates from the ore and pores out the bottom of the furnace.
4. The Iron is then pored into casts and sets into a certain shape. It can be remelted if necessary. The different uses of cast and wrought iron Wrought iron was smelted at a relatively low temperature when it was a solid to produce a spongy mass of metal called a bloom. Wrought iron is very pure which makes it resistant to corrosion, strong in tension and malleable. Cast iron was smelted at much higher temperatures in the liquid state. It was then poured out into a mould to produce blocks traditionally known as pigs. The high carbon content makes cast iron very rigid in compression, but weak and brittle in tension, even when red hot, so it cannot be forged or rolled. Abraham Darby II and Abraham Darby III Abraham Darby II owned the Darby business in Coalbrookdale, producing cast iron cooking pots, kettles, and other goods. The Coalbrookdale Company also played an important role in using iron to replace the more expensive brass for cylinders to use in steam engines. This lead to one huge step towards the industrial revolution for the iron industry, but the final breakthrough that constituted to the industrial revolution that came later.
Abraham Darby III took over the management of the Coalbrookdale ironworks in the Severn Valley when his father died and took various measures to improve the conditions of his work force. In times of food shortage he bought up farms to grow food for his workers, he built housing for them. He built the largest cast iron structure of his era: the first iron bridge ever built. It crossed over the River Severn near Coalbrookdale. The bridge caused the village of Ironbridge, Shropshire, to grow up around it.
These two men contributed to the development of the industrial revolution and ensured that iron had a major part in it. Where was Iron produced? Iron was produced in the Midlands, near Sheffield, Birmingham, and Coventry. This area was nicknamed the Black Country because the pollution darkened the sky. How was iron imported to different places Without Iron the Industrial Revolution wouldn't have developed as it was important in almost every feature of life. Steam engines were a primary source of transportation
for iron as they could carry large loads and linked the cities
of where it was sold and used. Large amounts of Iron was also
carried on canals to factories. Why is Iron the most important contributor to the Industrial Revolution?